Wednesday, December 21, 2011

Bodhayana Darsa Tharpana mantras

Bodhayana Darsa Tharpanam

Compiled by
P.R.Ramachander

( Bodhayana was a great saint who was the son of Sage Kanva. He has written Grihya Suthras which are followed by many Iyer Brahmins. He belonged to the Krishna Yajur Veda. The Amavasya Tharpanam for those who follow Bodhayana Sutra has to be done on Bodhayana Amavasya days
These can be found as per the rule given below:-
If on Chathurdasi day , Amavasya Thithi starts before 12 hours(30 Nazhigai) from Sun rise, then those who follow Bodhayana Sutra do Tharpana on that day. They also perform Tharpana on Chathurdasi day when , the Prathama Thithi next to Amavasya day ends within 12 hours after sun rise. These are normally listed in the Pangams.
This is connected to the story of the artificial Amavasya created by the coming near of the Sun and the moon when the Sun and Moon saw Lord Krishna and Pandavas doing Tharpana before the starting of the Bharatha war , so that the Kauravas would start the war in an inauspicious time.
The Tharpana manthras as per Bodhayana Suthra differ from the manthras used by those who follow Apasthamba Sutra. Apart from Pithrus , thaprpana is also done to acharyas(mentor) , Gurus(Teacher) and Sakhees (friends) and their families. I am giving them in English so that it would be useful to people who live away from their native place and are not able to read manthras in Sanskrit or in their mother toungue or unable to locate a Purohith. I have followed the compilation by Sri Painga Nadu Venkatrama Sastri In tamil by Surabhi publications Madras . My grateful acknowledgements to the learned compiler and the publisher.
This is ALSO AVAILABLE IN A SCANNED BOOK FORM IN Devanagari script in
http://www.archive.org/details/BodhayanaDharshaTharpanamInDevnagari
)

1.Perform Achamanam
Take minute quantities of water(just sufficient to soak one grain of black gram) three times in the right hand and take it with the following manthra.
1.Om Achyuthaya nama 2,Om Ananthaya nama 3.Om Govindaya nama
Then
Touch with thumb both cheeks saying kesava -Narayana
Touch with ring finger both eyes saying Madhava –govinda
Touch with the first finger both sides of nose saying Vishno-Madhusoodana
Touch with little finger both ears saying Trivikrama-Vamana
Touch with the middle finger both shoulders saying Sreedhara-Hrishi kesa
Touch with all fingers the belly button saying Padmanabha
Touch with all fingers the head saying Damodara
Wear a Pavithra made by three Durbhas in the ring finger of the right hand . Put few Durbas below our legs.( Indicating that we are Sitting on a seat made of Durbha ) . Add few more Durbas to the Pavithram.

2.Ganapathi Dhyanam

Recite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead with both fists together.:-
Shuklambaradharam Vishunum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,
Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.


3.Do Pranayamam.
Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and recite the following Manthra:-

Om Bhoo
Om Bhuva
Ogum Suva
Om Maha
Om Jana
Om Thapa
Ogum Sathyam
Om Tatsa vithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhi mahi dhiyo yona prachodayath
Om Apa
Jyothj rasa
Amrutham brahma
Bhoorbuvasuvarom
Touch the ears three times saying
Om, Om , Om

4.Do Sankalpam

Mamo Partha Samastha Duritha kshaya dwara Sri Parameshwara Preethyartham.
Apavithra pavithro va Sarvavastham gathopi va,
Ya smareth pundarikaksham sa bahyanthara suchi
Manasam vachikam paapam karmana samuparjitham
Sri Rama smarane naiva vyapohathi na samsaya

Sri Rama-Rama Rama

Thidir Vishnu thada vaara nakshatram Vishnureva cha,
Yogascha karanam Chaiva sarvam Vishnu mayam jagat

Sri Govinda Govinda Govinda
Adya Sri Bhagavatha maha purushasya Vishnor Agnaya pravarthamanasya Adhya Brahmana Dweethiya parardhe Swetha Varaha kalpe Vaivaswatha manvanthare ashta vimsathi thame kali yuge prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe, Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe asmin varthamane vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya samvatsaranam madhye (name of the year) * Nama samvatsare , (dakshina./uttara ayane, (name of the season) rithou, (name of the month in Sanskrit) mase, (Krishna/shukla) pakshe , Adhya (Name of the thidhi-moon phase) Punya thithou (name of the day in Sanskrit)vasra yukthayam (name of the star in Sanskrit) nakshatra yukthayam Shubha yoga –Shubha karana, Evam guna viseshana visishtayam asyam (Name of the thidhi) Punya thithou,
( Change the position of poonal from left shoulder to right shoulder(LEFT MODE) gothraanaam , vasu Rudra , aadhithya swaroopaanaam asmad pithru , pithamaha, Prapithamahaanaam, Mathru, pithamaha, prapithamahinaam ( If mother is there then Pithamhi, prapithamaha , pithru prapithamaheenaam) , Gothraanaam vasu Rudra adhithya swaroopaanaam SApathneeka Mathamaha , Mathu pithamaha , Mathu prapithamahaanaam , Aacharyaadheenamcha Akshayya thrupthyartham Amavasya punya kale darsa sradham Thilodhaka roopena adhya karishye.(Throw the extra Durbas along with the pavithram on the southern side.
Change position of poonal to the left shoulder(usual mode), touch water with finger, change position of poonal to right shoulder(left mode.))
Spread the Durbas on the Thambala( Copper or bronze plate ) . keep one Koorcha on that facing the south
And do Avahana(sprinkle ellu(black gingelly) seed on the koorcha reciting the following Manthra:-
Aayatha pithara somya gambhirai padhibhi poorvai prajamasmabhyam dadhatho rayim cha deergayuthwam cha satha saaradam cha.
Asmin koorche varga dhwaya pitrhroon Acharyadheemscha Avahayami.

5.Asanam for pithru vargam

Chanting the manthra below place gingelly on the koorcha
1.Sakrudacchinnam barhirurnna mrudhu,
Syonam pithrubhyasthwa baramyaham
Asmin taseedanthu me pithara somyaa,
Pithamahaa prapithamahaaschaanugai saha.
2.Acharyadhi varga dhwaya pithrunaam idham Aasanam.

3.Sakalaradhanai suvarchitham.

6. Tharpanam

For each of the following twenty four manthras offer water oblations mixed with black gingelly thrice :-

1.Pithrun Swadha namastharpayami
2.Pithamahan Swadha namastharpayami
3.Prapithamahaan Swadha namastharpayami
4.Mathru Swadha namastharpayami(Pithamahi Swadha namastharpayami when mother is alive)
5. Pithamahi Swadha namastharpayami ( Pithru Pithamahi Swadha namastharpayami when mother is alive)
6. Pithru pithamaha swadhanamastharpayami (Pithru praPithamahi Swadha namastharpayami when mother is alive)
7.Mathamahaan Swadha namastharpayami
8. Mathu Pithamahaan Swadha namastharpayami
9.Mathu prapithamahaan Swadha namastharpayami
10. Mathamahi Swadha namastharpayami
11.Mathu pithamaha Swadha namastharpayami
12, Mathu prapithamaha Swadha namastharpayami
13. Acharyaan Swadha namastharpayami
14.Acharya pathni Swadha namastharpayami
15. Guruun Swadha namastharpayami
16. Guru pathni Swadha nama tharpayami
17. Sakheen Swadha namastharpayami
18.Sakhi pathni Swadha namastharpayami
19.Jnatheen Swadha namastharpayami
20. Jnathi pathni Swadha nama tharpayami
21. Amathyan Swadha namastharpayami
22. Amathyapathnee Swadha namastharpayami
23. Sarvaan Swadha namastharpayami
24. Sarvah Swadha namastharpayami

Put the Yagnopaveetha on the left shoulder (Upa Veethi-valam)

Go round the Koorcha three times chanting

Devathabhya , pithrubhyascha Maha Yogibhya eva cha,
Swadhaayai Swahayai nithyameva namo nama

Put the Yagnopaveetha on the right shoulder (Pracheena Veethi-Edam)


Chant

AAcharya Varga dwaya Pithrubhyo nama
And put Gingelly on the Koorcha

Put the Yagnopaveetha on the left shoulder (Upa Veethi-valam)

Offer Namaskarams telling

Devathabhya , pithrubhyascha Maha Yogibhya eva cha,
Swadhaayai Swahayai nithyameva namo nama

Put the Yagnopaveetha on the right shoulder (Pracheena Veethi-Edam)

Take little Gingelly and put on the Koorcha telling:-

AAyatha pithra somyaa gambheerai padabhi poorvyi prajaam asmabhyam thathdho rayincha deergayuthvancha satha saradhancha.

Asmad koorchad varga dwaya pithroon acharyadheencha yada sthanam prathishtapayami.

Remove the knot of Koorcha and chant

Yesham na matha , na pitha , bratha cha bandhava ,
They sarve thrupthimayanthu mayoth srushtai kusodhakai.

And using the end of the untied Koorcha pour water three times.


Put the Yagnopaveetha on the left shoulder (Upa Veethi-valam)


Remove the Pavithra , untie it and do Achamana , put Vibhoothi and do Brahma Yagna.



Bodhayana Brahma Yagnam

( The tharpanam in Brahma Yagnam is different and extremely elaborate in Bodhayana Suthra)

1.Perform Achamanam

Take minute quantities of water(just sufficient to soak one grain of black gram) three times in the right hand and take it with the following manthra.
1.Om Achyuthaya nama 2,Om Ananthaya nama 3.Om Govindaya nama
Then
Touch with thumb both cheeks saying kesava -Narayana
Touch with ring finger both eyes saying Madhava –govinda
Touch with the first finger both sides of nose saying Vishno-Madhusoodana
Touch with little finger both ears saying Trivikrama-Vamana
Touch with the middle finger both shoulders saying Sreedhara-Hrishi kesa
Touch with all fingers the belly button saying Padmanabha
Touch with all fingers the head saying Damodara

2.Ganapathi dyanam

Recite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead with both fists together.:-
Shuklambaradharam Vishunum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,
Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.


3.Do Pranayamam.
Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and recite the following Manthra:-

Om Bhoo
Om Bhuva
Ogum Suva
Om Maha
Om Jana
Om Thapa
Ogum Sathyam
Om Tatsa vithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhi mahi dhiyo yona prachodayath
Om Apa
Jyothj rasa
Amrutham brahma
Bhoorbuvasuvarom
Touch the ears three times saying
Om, Om , Om

4.Do Sankalpam

Mamo Partha Samastha Duritha kshaya dwara Sri Parameshwara Preethyartham.
Brahma Yagnam karishye
Brahma Yagnena yakshye

Mamo Partha Samastha Duritha kshaya dwara Sri Parameshwara Preethyartham.
Brahma Yagnam karishye.Brahma yagnena yakshye.
4.Prayogam
a.Vidhyudhasi vidhya me paapmanam ruthath sathya mupaime.
Touch water .Do Achamanam three times and after first and second touch water ,clean the lips, and after the third sprinkle water on left arms and left leg. Then touch head, eyes, nose and chest.
b.Then chant
Om Bhoo, tatsa vithurvarenyam
Om Suva , Bhargo devasya dheemahi,
Ogum suva .dhiyo yona prachodayath,
OM Bhoo tatsa vithurvarenyam bhargo devasya dheemahi.
Om Bhuva , dhiyo yona prachodayath,
Ogum suva , tasa vithur varenyam bhago devasya dheemahi dhiyo yona prachodayath.

c.chants from all the four Vedas

Hari Om , Agni meele purohitham , yagnasya devam ruthvijam.Hothaaram rathna dhathamam. Hari om (Rik veda)

Hari Om , Eeshethvorje twam vayavastho payavastha , devo vassavitha prarpayathu sresta thamaya karmane.Hari om(Yajur veda)

Hari om, Agna aayahi veethaye grunano havya dhathaye ni hotha sathsi barhishi ..Hari Om (Sama veda)

Hari om., Sanno deveer abhishtaya aapo bhavanthu peethaye , sam yorabhistravanthu na.Hari om (Atharvana veda)

d. Chant “Om Bhoorbhavassuva” and rotate little water round your head

e.Chant “Satyam Thapa, Sradhayam Juhomi” with folded hands

f.Chant thrice with folded hands

“Om namo brahmane. Namasthvagnaye, , nama pruthviyai, nama oshadheebhya. Namo vache, namo vachaspathaye, namo vishnave, bruhathe karomi.

g.Chant “Vrushtirasi vruchame paapmanam rhuthaath sathya mupakam
Deva rishi-pithru tharpanam karishye

I.Deva tharpanam

Wear the Yagnopavitha over the left shoulder(Upaveethi) and do Tharpana through the tip of the fingers of right hand chanting the following manthras

1.Agni, Prajapathi , Somo Rudhra , athithir , Brahaspathi SArpaa ithyethaani prakrud dwarani daivathani sanakshtrani sa grahaani Sahorathrani samuhurthaani Tharpayami

2, Vasoomscha tharpayami

3.Pithro aarayama bhaga savithaa thwashtaa vayu indra agni ithyedhaani dakshinathwarani daivathani , sanakshthrani sa grahani sahorathrani samuhurthaani tharpayami

4. Rudramscha tharpayami

5.Mithra Indro Maha pithara AAbho viswa devaga Brahma Vishnu ithyedhani prathyagdwarani daivathani , sanakshthrani sa grahani sahorathrani samuhurthaani tharpayami

6. Aadhithyamscha Tharpayami

7.Vasavo Varuna aja ekhapath ahir puthniya Poosha aswinala yama ithyethani udagthwarani , daivathani , sanakshthrani sa grahani sahorathrani samuhurthaani tharpayami

8.Saadhyamschaschatharpayami
9.Brahmanam tharpayami
10. Prajapathim tharpayami
11. Prameshtinam tharpayami
12.Hiranya Garbham Tharpayami
13.Chathur mugam tharpayami
14. Swayambhuvam tharpayami
15. Brahma parshadaan tharpayami
16.Brahma parshadhee tharpayami
17. Agnim tharpayami
18.Vayum tharpayami
19. Varunam tharpayami
20. Somam tharpayami
21. Sooryam tharpayami
22. Chandramasam Tharpayami
23.Nakshthraani tharpayami
24.Jyo dheegumshi tharpayami
25. Sadhyojaathaam tharpayami
26.Om Bhoo purusham tharpayami
27.Om bhuva purusham tharpayami
28. Om suva purusham tharpayami
29.Om bhorbhuva suva purusham tharpayami
30. Om bhoo tharpayami
31.Om Bhuva tharpayami
32.Om Suva tharpayami
33. Om Maha tharpayami
34.Om Jana tharpayami
35.Om Thapa tharpayami
36.Ogum sathyam tharpayami
37.Bhavan devam tharpayami
38.Sarvam devam tharpayami
39.Eesanam devam tharpayami
40.Pasupathim devam tharpayami
41.Rudram devam tharpayami
42.Ugram devam tharpayami
43.Bheemam devam tharpayami
44.Mahantham devam tharpayami
45.Bhavasya devasya pathni tharpayami
46.Sarvasys devasya pathni tharpayami
47.Eesanya devasya pathni tharpayami
48.Pasupathor devasya pathni tharpayami
49.Rudrasya devasya pathni tharpayami
50.Ugrasya devasya pathni tharpayami
51.Bheemasya devasya pathni tharpayami
52.Mahatho devasya pathni tharpayami
53.Bhavasya devasya sutham tharpayami
54. Sarvasya devasya sutham tharpayami
55.EEsanya devasya sutham tharpayami
56.Pasupather devasya sutham tharpayami
57.Rudrasya devasya sutham tharpayami
58.Ugrasya devasya sutham tharpayani
59.Bheemasya devasya sutham tharpayami
60. Mahatho devasya tharpyami
61.Rudramscha tharpayami
62.Rudra parshadhaan tharpayami
63. Rudhra parshathee tharpayami
64.Sanath kumaraan tharpayami
65.Skandam tharpayami
66.Indram tharpayami
67.Shashtim tharpayami
68.Shanmugam tharpayami
69.Visagam tharpayami
70.Jayantham tharpayami
71.Mahasenam tharpayami
72.Skanda parshadhaan tharpayami
73. Skanda Parvathi stharpayami
74.Vighnam tharpayami
75.Vinayakam tharpayami
76.Veeram tharpayami
77.Sooram tharpayami
78.Varadham tharpayami
79.Hasthimukham tharpayami
80.Yeka dantham tharpayami
81. Lambhodharam tharpayami
82.Vakra thundam tharpayami
83. Ganapathim tharpayami
84.Vighna parshadhaan tharpayami
85.Vighna parshadhee tharpayami
86.Kesavam tharpayami
87.Narayanam tharpayami
88.Madhavam tharpayami
89.Madhavam tharpayami
90. Vishnum tharpayami
91. Madhu soodhanam tharpayami
92.Trivikramam tharpayami
93.Vamanam tharpayami
94.Sridharam tharpayami
95. Hrishikesam tharpayami
96.Padmanabham tharpayami
97. Damodharam tharpayami
98.Sreem devim tharpayami
99.Hreem devim tharpayami
100.Pushtim devim tharpayami
101.Vainatheyam tharpayami
102.Kalam tharpayami’
103. Neelam tharpayami
104.Mruthyum tharpayami
105.Anthakam tharpayami
106.Yamam tharpayami
107.Yama Rajam tharpayami
108.Dharmam tharpayami
109.Dharma Rajam tharpayami
110.Chithram tharpayami
111. Chithraguptham tharpayami
112. Vaivaswatham tharpayami
113. Vaivasvatha parshathaan tharpayami
114.Vaivaswatha Parshathee Tharpayami
115.Vishnum tharpayami
116.Vishnu parshathaan tharpayami
117.Vishnu parshathee tharpayami
118.Bhardwajam tharpayami
119.Gowthamam tharpayami
120. Athrim tharpayami
121. Aangeersam tharpayami
122. Vidhyaam tharpayami
123.Durgam tharpayami
124.Jyestaam tharpayami
125. Sreshtaam tharpayami
126.Danvantharim tharpayami
127. Danvanthari parshathaan tharpayami
128. Danvanthari Parshathee tharpayami

II. Rishi tharpanam

Wear the Yagnopavitha as garland(Neeveethi) and do Tharpana through left side of the palm of right hand chanting the following manthras

1.Rishims tharpayami
2.Maharishims tharpayami
3.Paramarishims tharpayami
4.Devarishims tharpayami
5.Brahma rishims tharpayami
6.Rajarishims tharpayami
7.Vaisya rishims tharpayami
8. Sutha rishis tharpayami
9.Srutharishims tharpayami
10.Jana rishims tharpayami
11.Thapa rishims tharpayami
12.Sathya rishims tharpayami
13.Kanda rishims tharpayami
14.Rishigams tharpayami
15.Rishi pathnis tharpayami
16. Rishi puthrams tharpayami
17.Rishi pouthrams tharpayami
18.Kanvam bhodhayanam tharpayami
19. Apasthambam suthrakaram tharpayami
20.SAthyashadam Hiranya kesinam tharpayami
21.Vajapeyinam Yagna valkyam tharpayami
22.Aswalayanam sounakam tharpayami
23. Vyasam tharpayami
24.Vasishtam tharpayami
25. Pranavam tharpayami
26.Vyahruthee tharpayami
27.Savithrim tharpayami
28.Gayathrim tharpayami
29. Chandamsi tharpayami
30. Sadasaspathim tharpayami
31. Rigvedam tharpayami
32.Yajur vedam tharpayami
33.Samavedam tharpayami
34.Atharvana vedam tharpayami
35. Atharvangeerasam tharpayami
36.Ithihasa puranani tharpayami
37.Sarva deva janaa tharpayami
38.Sarva bhoothani tharpayami

III.Pithru tharpanam

Wear the Yagnopavitha over the right shoulder(Pracheena veethi) and do Tharpana through the right side of the palm right hand chanting the following manthras.
(People whose father is alive should not do this part of the tharpanam.)

1.Pithru Swadha nama tharpatami
2.Pithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
3.Pithrupithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
4.Mathru swadha nama tharpayami
5.Pithamahi swadha namas tharpayami
6.Prapithamahi Swadha namas tharpayami
7.Matha mahan swadha namas tharpayami
8.Mathu pithamahan Swadha namas tharpayami
9.Mathu prapithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
10.Mathamahi Swadha namas tharpayami
11.Mathu pithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
12.Mathu prapithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
13.Aacharyan swadha namas tharpayami
14.Aacharya pathni Swadha namas tharpayami
15.Aacarya pathni swadha namas tharpayami
16.Guroon Swadha namas tharpayami
17.Guru pathni Swadha namas tharpayami
18.Sakheen Swadha namas tharpayami
19. Sakhi pathni swadhadha namas tharpayami
20. Jnatheen Swadha namas tharpayami
21.Jnathi pathni Swadha namas tharpayami
22.Amathyaan Swadha namas tharpayami
23. Amathya pathni Swadha namas tharpayami
24. Sarvaan Swadha namas tharpayami
25.Sarvaa Swadha namas tharpayami

Do Tharpanam with water chanting

Oorjam vahanthi Amrutham krutham Madhu paya keelaalam parisrutham swadhamstha tharpayathe , pithroon thrupyatha, thrupyatha , thrupyatha



Wear the Yagnopavitha over the left shoulder(Upaveethi) and do Aachamanam

Thus ends Brahma Yagna.

10 comments:

  1. pranams,
    please explain the meanings for brahma yagnam... please

    ReplyDelete
  2. Do the Sri Vaishnavites following Bhodhayana sutra follow the above with replacing Parameswara Preethyartham as Narayana Preethyartham or are there further changes? Can you kindly clarify?

    ReplyDelete
  3. I think that replacing the Parameshwara preethyartham , you can proceed. Even there I see that then kalai and vada Kalai follow slightly different sankalpams.PLease read my compilation of Amavasya tharpana manthras for iyengars for information about this, Ramachander

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thanks for your kind clarification.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Sir, Please let me know whether we can give tarpanam to a friend who has passed away in the wrong way that is suicide. By this Mahalaya paksham it would be completing 4 months. Awaiting your reply.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Sir, I would like to ask you one more question about the span of life and death.

    If a person committs a sucide which is a very drastic act, is it punishable in the higher levels. Further how much time a soul takes once again to incarnate as a human being. In this case there is a balance of life which has to be cleared. Before completing once term, he/she has come out of the body.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Dear Prabhakar ,
    I only collect information and put it in english . I am not an expert in any of these aspects. In Gay, you can do Tharpanam for your friends, servants , pets etc. I know this because I have done it, Ramachander

    ReplyDelete
  8. sir
    Can u tell me if Somu Pitruman is done by all or only fatherless person

    ReplyDelete
  9. Dear Sir,

    If you can kindly oblige me by forwarding the Tharpana Mantras in Sanskrit, I shall be grateful.

    Regards,
    Sangameswaran (sangameswarannurani@gmail.com)

    ReplyDelete
  10. Dear Sir,
    I have a doubt. I am a kerala nambudiri brahmin, and my soothram is boudhayana (krishna yajurveda) But my sandya vandana rituals are totally different from iyers who follows the same boudhayana suthra. Why is it so?
    Regards,
    Vineeth Keshav
    vineethkeshav@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete