Thursday, July 14, 2016

Sama Veda Upakarma Prayoga for the year 2016 (4-9-2016)

Sama Veda Upakarma Prayoga for the year 2016
                         (4-9-2016)
                   (Compiled by P.R.Ramachander)


In the case of Sama Veda, The upa Karma prayogam is very extensive and differs very much from the Upakarma prayoga of Rig and Yajur Vedis.They always do it in Hastha Nakshtra of  the Kanya Masa. It essentially consists of ten steps in the following order

1.Panchagavya sammelanam
2.Snana Mahasankalpam
3.Brahmayagnam
4.Punyaham
5.Rishipooja(Uthsarjan Karma)
6.Deva,rishi, Pithru Tharpanam (264+12)
7.Ghata Poojai
8.Yagnopaveethadhaaranam
9.Vedarambam
10.Kankanadharanam
           Naturally these have to be done with the instruction of a Guru but in modern times when people are scattered all over the world and also because well learned Sama Vedi Purohithas are very scarce, many people are forced to do it in their home depending on some handouts. Since most of the above steps are lengthy and involve proper chanting of Sama Veda Mantras,they do only three steps of the above 10. They are

1.Snana maha Sankalpam,
2,Brahma Yagnam
3.Yagnopaveetha dharanam
   
         English is a very inadequate language to type out Sanskrit manthras. But I have made an effort to present the needed mantras for the above steps for the year 2087 because I feel that  our youngsters are more at home in English rather than in their mother toungue or Sanskrit. Since I am not a Sama Vedin I depend for the mantras on Book published by  C.Sankara TRama Sastri(1956) Sama Veda Upakrama prayoga published by Sri Balamanorama press, Madras. I have also got my typing read through and to certain extent edited by Sri.P.A.Anantharaman.I am grateful to him,

Maha Samkalpam
       (4-9-2016)



a.Aachamanam, wear Pavithram.
b.Shuklam baradharam……..
c.Om bhoo
d.Maha samkalpam
     Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam  paapam  , karmanaa
Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama rama
                Tidhir Vishnu, Tatha vaara, nakshatram Vishnu reva cha
                 Yogascha karanam chaiva  sarvam Vishnu mayam Jagat ,
                  Sri Govinda , Govinda, Govinda
Aadya sri bhagawatha, Aadi vishno, Aadinarayanasya achinthyaya , aparimithaya, sakthyaa, briyamaanasya, mahaa jalou ghasya madhye,
 Paribrhama maanaanam  aneka koti  brhmaandanam madhye,  eka thame,avyaktha mahadahankara pruthivya  aptejo  vayvakaasaa ahankaradhii -aavaranair- aavruthe- asmin mahathi bramanda-karanda-madale- aadhara sakthi – aadhi koormaa nandathi  ashta diggajopari prathishtithasya uparithale -Sathyadhi loka shadkasya adho bhage, mahaa nalayamana phani raja seshasya sahasra phanaa mani mandala mandithe,  lolaalokachalena parivruthe-dighdanthi-shunda dhanda-uttambhithe,  lavaneshu  suraa sarpee dhadhee dugdha  sudhodhakrnavii parivruthe  , jambhu-plaksha-saka-salmali-kusa-krouncha-pushkarakhya saptha dweepa dheepithe, Indra dheepa  kaseru  thamra gabhasthi naga soumya gandharwa chaarana bharathakhya nava gandathmake -Maha meru giri karnakopetha maha saroruhayamana  pancha sath koti yojana vistheerna bhoo mandale- sumeru  nishadha hemakoota himachala malyavath pariyathraka  gandhamadhana kailasa vindhyachaladhi, maha shailadhishtithe, Lavana Samudhra mudhrithe, Bharatha Kimpurusha Hari Ilavrutha Ramyaka Hiranmaya KuruBhadrascha Kethumalakhya nava varshopashobithe, , Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe, bharatha kande, Mero Dakshine Parswe, Karma Bhoomou - Swamyavanthii kuru kshethraadhi  sama bhoo Madhya  rekhaya  poorva dig Bhage, Vindhachalasya  Dakshina dig Bhage , Dandakaranye , Sakala Jagat Srushta parardha dwaya jeewino Brahmana Pradhame Parardhe  Pancha sadhabdhathmike  Aatheethe, Dwitheeya parardhe, Panchasadabdhou, Pradhame Varshe, Pradahme mase , Pradhame Pakshe, Pradhame divase, AAhani  dwitheeye yame , tritheeye muhurthe, swayambhuva-swarochisha-uthama-thamasa-raivatha-chakshuhakheshu, shatsu  manusha vyatheetheshu, sapthame vaivaswatha manvanthare, aashta vimsathi thame, varthamane kali yuge, prathame padhe, , Shalivahana shakabdhe, Chanrda savanna  souradhi maana bramithe , prabhavaadheenam sashti samvatsaranaam madhye ,  Dunmukhi   nama samvatsare, Dakshinaayane, Varsha rithou, Simha mase,    Shukla    pakshe, aadhya  tritheeyaam          * shubha thidou,    bhanu    vasara yukthayam,  hastha    **  nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubha karana evam guna,  viseshana visishtaayam, asyam  dvitheeyam     * shubha thidou, Sarva Papa Harana  nipuna sri Parameswara preethyartham,  Anaadhya vidhyaa vaasanaya  pravarthamane , Asmin mahathi Samsara Chakre, Vichithrabh karma gathibhi- vichithrasu  yonishu , puna punaranekadha janithwa, Kenaapi punya karma  viseshena idhaaneentha maanushye  dwija janma  visesham prapthavatho mama, iha janmani poorva janmasu maya kruthaanam  brahma hathyadhi -swarnaastheya –suraapana- guruthalpagamana,- maha pathaka chathushtaya, vyatheerikthaanaam , thath samsargaanaam, theshaam pathakanaam, nikshipthaya,  saranaagathaaya, , pathivruthaya sangama nimithanam,  nishidha sashtraabhi gamanaadheenaa, vidwad brahmana pankthi bhedhacharana , vaardhakee -vidhawa vesya  vrushalyaadhi samsarga nimithaanaam, balye vaysi  kaumare  youvane vaardhake, jagrath  swapna sushpthyavasthasu, mano vaak kaya  karmendriya vyapaarai,  jnanendriya vyapaaraischa,  samsarga nimithaanaam, bhooyo bhooyo aabhyasthanaam, thathra thathra  garbhothpathi nimithanaam, thath saha bhojana  thad uchishta bhakshana, aswa yoni, paswadhi yoniretha  skhalitha nimithaanam, govadha  paswadhi  prani vadha nimithaanam, sthree shoodhra  vita kshatriya  vadha nithaanaam, aayuktha  lavana pakvanna madhu ksheera  thila thaila  maama moola phala ,
saaka raktha  vasa suvarna, kambalaadhi vikraya nimithaanaam, aswadhi vahana  , ikshu kanda dathana, paraapavaadana, bradhakadhyapana, asad prathi grahana, vrukshschedana, dhaanya roupya pasustheya, vaardushi karana  shudhra seva, shudra preshya , heena jathi prathigraha, heena sakhya, pankthi bhedana, paka bhedana, paraa anna bhojana, asachasthra lapa, pramadhi kara, matadhikara, pourohithya, pareeksha paksha pathaka, thatakaarama vikraya, thataka vichedhanadhi  sama paathakaanaam, jnantha sakruth kruthaanaam, aajnatha asakruth kruthaanaam,  jnanatho  aajanathaascha abhyashaanam,  athyanthabhyasthaanam, nirantharabhyasthaanaam,  sankari karanaanaam, malini karananaam, aapathri karanaanaam, jathi  bramsa karanaanam, aavihitha  karamaacharana, vihitha karma thyagaadheenaam, prakeernikaanaam upa pathakaanaam, maha pathakaanaam, aathi paathakaanaam, evam navaanam nava vidhaanaam, bahoonaam bahuvidhaanaam sarveshaam  papa namapanodhana dwara, aayajya  yaajanaasath  prathi grahaa bakshya  bhakshanaa bhojya  bhojanaa peya paanaadhi samastha papa kshyartham,
aswatha narayana sannidhou-deva brahmana sannidhou-tryaa trimsath koti devathaa sannidhou-sri visaalakshi sametha visweswara swami sannidhou-mahaa ganapathi sannidhou-seetha lakshmana bharatha sathrugna-hanumat samedha sri rama chandra swmai sannidhou-sri rukmani sathyabhama samedha sri gopala Krishna swami sannidhou-hari hara puthra swami sannidhou-sri lakshmi narayana swami sannidhou 
Mama samastha papa kshyartha  proshta padhyam  hastharshe  adhya yoth sarjana karmangam  maadhyahnika snaanamaham karishye, maadhyahnika snaanamaham karishye.

Aathi kroora maha kaya kalpantha dahanopama,
Bhairavaya namasthubhyam aanugnaam dhathu marhasi.

Durbhojana duraalaapa  dush prathigraha sambhavam,
Paapam hara  mama kshipram sahyakanye namosthuthe.

Triraathram jahnavi theere pancha rathram thu yaamune,
Sadhya punathu  kaaveri papa maamaranthikam.

Ganga gangethi  yo brooyaadh yo janaanaam  shatai rapi,
Muchyathe sarva paapebhyo  Vishnu lokam sa gachathi. (take bath thus)

After bath (Nowadays people only take Sankala Snanam by sprinkling water)

take Pancha Gavyam chanting

Yathavagasthi gatham papam dehe thishtathi maamake,
Praasanam pancha gavyasya dahathwagni rivendanam.

Take bath again, wear dry cloths, put on caste marks, do regular daily duties and then do Brahma Yagna.

*TRitheeya  is up to  6.56   PM  of  4—9-2016   afterwards  chathurthi
Hastha Nakshatra is up to 4.54  PM   on  4-9-2016  , afterwards CHithra Nakshatra. Change according to your local time after comparing it to IST. The Avani avittam for Sama Vedis   has to be  done in Hastha  Nakshatram.

Summary meaning:Here again apart from locating oneself with reference to time , one locates himself with reference to place also.We are supposed to live in Jambu Dweepa, Bharatha Kanda which is south of the great mountain Maha meru.Then again this Bhasratha Kanda is blessed with many holy rivers and holy places.Then prayer is done to God to pardon sins committed by word, thought and deed, because this was done inspite of his great grace which made us be born as human beings after several wheels of birth.Also the sins performed during several ages in life is highlighted.Some of the sins specifically mentioned are those done while earning money without conscience, giving money to improper people, actions which did not suit the caste we are born in, cutting of tree, spoiling a lake , trading of several banned commodities such as  salt , blanket, meat, root , fruit etc, sins due to non performance of actions which ought to have been done and so on. We pray God and tell him that we would take bath in holy pure water and then start the veda parayanas which is our duty as a Brahmin.


2.Brahma Yagnam.

  1. Perform Achamanam
  2. Face eastern direction and do “Shuklam baradaram….” Followed by pranayamam “om Bhoo…”
  3. Mamopatha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri Parameshwara preethyartham Brahma Yagnam karishye. Brahma yagnena Yakshye.
  4. Chant and clean the hands with water
Vidhyudasi paapmanam vidhya me paapmanam amruthath Sathya mupaime
And then chant
Om Bhorbavassuva
      Om  tatsa vithurvarenyam.
      Om  Bhargo devasya Dheemahi
      Om  Dhiyo yona prachodayath
      Om Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya dheemahi
      Om  Dhiyo yona prachodayath

Om Bhoo, Om Bhuva, Om Suva, Om Sathyam,Om Purusha

Om Bhoo, bhoo., hoi bhoo, Hoi bhoo Haa aavu vaa a, suvarjyothi aa

Om Bhuvaa,  Bhuva, Hoi Bhuva, Hoi Bhuva, Haa aavu vaa a,suvarjyothi aa

Om Suvaa , Suva, Hoi Bhuva, Hoi Bhuva, Haa aavu vaa a,suvarjyothi aa

Om Sathyam  , Sathyam, Hoi Bhuva, Hoi Bhuva, Haa aavu vaa a,suvarjyothi aa

Om Purushaa , Purusha, Hoi Bhuva, Hoi Bhuva, Haa aavu vaa a,suvarjyothi aa

      Om Thatsa vithurvarenyam , bhargo devasya dheemahi, dhiyo yoo na Pracho aa, him , dhayo Aaa aa,

              Om Agnimeele purohitham Yagnasya Dheva mruthvijam, hotharam Rathna      Dhathamam
Om Ishe Tworje Thwa ,vayavasthapayavastha Devo vassavitha prarpayathu sreshtathamaya karmane
Om Agna Aayahi veethaye grunano havyadathaye, ni hotha sadhsi bharhishi
Om sanno devirabheeshtaya Aapo peethaye sam yorabhisravanthu na

  1. Sprinkle water round the head by reciting
                           Sathyam Thapa sradhayam juhomi

  1. Recite three times with folded hands
Om namo brahmane namosthwagnaye nama pruthwyai nama oshadheebhya namo vaache namo vaachaspathaye  namo vishnave bruhathe karomi.

      8.Clean the hands again with water by reciting “vrushtirasi vruschame paapmanamamruthath sathyamupaaga”

Devarshi Pithru tharpanam Karishye



9.Do deva tharpanam through the tip of fingers
               1.Bramodaya ye deva thaan devaan tharpayami
                2.Sarvaan devaan tharpayami
                3. Sarva deva ganaan tharpayami
                4.Sarva deva pathnis tharapayami
                5.Sarva deva ganapathnis tharpayami
                6.Sarva  deva puthaam stharpayami
                7.Sarva deva gana puthamstharpayami

       10. Do rishi tharpanam(each twice) by wearing yagnopaveetha as garland and pouring out water from  the little finger
               1,Krishna dwaipayanaya ye rishaya thaan rishin tharpayami
               2. Sarvaan risheen tharpayami
               3.Sarva rishi ganaan tharpayami
               4. Sarve rishi pathnis tharpayami
               5,Sarva rishi gana pathnistharpayami
               6.Sarva rishi puthramstharpayami
               7.Srava rishi gana puthramstharpayami

11.Put the Yagnopaveetham in normal fashion and pour water from the tips of fingers
                    1.Rig vedam tharpayami
                    2.Yajur Vedam tharpayami 
                    3. Sama Vedam tharpayami
                    4. Atharva Vedam tharpayami
                    5. Ithihasa puranam tharpayami

12.Only those who have lost their father (others go to step 13)do Pithru tharpanam wearing the yagnopaveetham on the right shoulder pouring water between the thumb. And index finger(thrice).
                   1.Soma pithruman yamo angiraswan agni kavyavahana ithyadaya ye pithara                                      
                       thaan pithrun tharpayami,
                   2. Sarvaan pithrun tharpayami
                   3. Sarva pithru ganan tharpayami
                   4. Sarva pithru pathnistharpayami
                   5. Sarva pithru ganapanthnistharpayami
                     6.Sarva Pithru puthrastharpayami
                     7.Sarva pithru gana puthraastharpayami
                    8.oorjam vahanthi amrutham grutham paya keelaalam parisruyatham
                        swadaastha  tharpayatha me pithrun
13.Put the Yagnopa Vita in the Normal fashion and do Aachamanam

Brahma yagnam(sacrifice to Brahma) is the oblation offered to satisfy Devas, Rishis(sages) and Pithrus(ancestors). It is supposed to be performed daily after Madhyannikam, But nowadays it is done mainly on avani avittam days.
3.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra
         ( Manthra for wearing  Poonal)
a.Aachamanam:Shuklaam Bharadharam……….      Santhaye
b.Om Bhoo…………..Bhoorbhavaswarom
c.Mamo patha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri paameshwara preethyartham
    Sroutha smartha vihitha sadachara  nithya karmaanushtanaa yogyatha sidhyartham  brhma teja abhivrudyartham yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye.

d.Yagnopaveetha  dharana maha manthrasya
   Parabrhma rishi(Touch forehead)
  Trushtup chanda (touch below nose)
  Paramathma devatha (touch heart)

e.Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga

        Wear Poonal one by one by reciting(poonal should be held by both hands, the tie in the poonal being held above by the right hand facing upwards)
Yagnopaveetham paramam pavithram  praja pathe,
Yat sahajam purasthad aayushyam
Agriyam prathi muncha shubram yagnopaveetham balamasthu theja.

f.After wearing all poonals one by one  do Aachamanam

g.Remove the old poonals  and break them to pieces by reciting

 Upaveetham bhinna thanthum jeernam kasmala dooshitham, visrujami jale punarbrahman varcho deergayurasthu me.

h.Do aachamanam.
  
       Summary meaning: I wear the white yagnopavitha that is purifying , which was born along with brahma, which is capable of increasing life .I am sure this would give glory and strength to me.I am destroying the dirty , soiled yagnopavita .


6.Gaayathri japam (19-8-2016)
                  For Yajur, Rig and Sama Vedis

1.Aachamanam
2,Shuklaam baradharam
 3.Om bhoo
 4.Mamo patha samastha duritha kshya dwara  sri parameshwara preethyartham Tadeva lagnam sudhinam tadaiva, tharaa balam chandra balam thadaiva , vidhya balam daiva balam tadaiva, Sri Lakshmi pathe aangriyugam smaramaami
              Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam  paapam  , karmanaa
Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama Shubhe Shobane muhurthe  adya Brahmana dwiteeya paradhe , Swetha varaha kalpe, Vaivaswatha Manvanthare, Ashtavimsathi thame  , Kali yuge, Prathame pade, Jambhu Dwipe, Bharatha Varshe,Bhartaha Kande, Mero Dakshine Parswe, Sakabdhe, Asmin Varthamane  Vyavaharike, Prabhavadhi Sashti Samavathsaranaam Madhye,
 Dunmukhi   nama Samvathsare , Dakshinayane, Varsha Rithou, Simha mase  Krishna pakshe  aadhya prathamaayam*  shubha thidou  Bhrigu   vaasara yukthayaam  sathabishak  ** nakshatra yukthaayam  shubha yoga shubha karana  evam guna viseshana visisishtaayam  asyaam prathamaayam  shubha thidou  mithyaa theetha prayaschittartham  ashtothara sahasra samkya  gayatri maha manthra japam karishye.
     Start from Pravasya Rishi brahma….  followed by aayathith anuvagasya… and then chant the gaythri manthra 1008 times.
 Complete with Abhivaadaye  and then complete with
     Kayena vacha…….
  *Prathama   up to  1.01  PM  on 19-8-2016   and then  Dwitheeya 10.46  am  next day
**Sathabishak   Nakshatra is up to 10.05 PM    on 19/8/2016  IST , afterwards Poorva proshtapada    Nakshatra yukthayam  up top 8.30 AM  next day.
        Please compare the time when you are doing japam to IST and do corrections accordingly.

Appendix Brahma Yagnam.

  1. Perform Achamanam
  2. Face eastern direction and do “Shuklam baradaram….” Followed by pranayamam “om Bhoo…”
  3. Mamopatha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri Parameshwara preethyartham Brahma Yagnam karishye. Brahma yagnena Yakshye.
  4. Chant and clean the hands with water
Vidhyudasi paapmanam vidhya me paapmanam amruthath Sathya mupaime
And then chant
      Om Bhooo tatsa vithurvarenyam
       Om Bhuva Bhargo devasya Dheemahi
        Ogum suva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
        Om Bhooo Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya dheemahi
         Om Bhuva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
         Ogum Suva Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya Dheemahi Dhiyo yona         prachothayath

  1. Chant  Vedic manthras
Om Agnimeele purohitham Yagnasya Dheva mruthvijam, hotharam Rathna Dhathamam
Om Ishe Twoje Thwa vayavasthapayavastha Devo vassavitha prarpayathu sreshtathamaya karmane
Om Agna Aayahi veethaye grunano havyadathaye, ni hotha sadhsi bharhishi
Om sanno devirabheeshtaya Aapo peethaye sam yorabhisravanthu na
       After this recite if possible vedic manthras that you know like Rudram, Chamakam etc

  1. Sprinkle water round the head by reciting
                           Sathyam Thapa sradhayam juhomi

  1. Recite three times with folded hands
Om namo brahmane namosthwagnaye nama pruthwyai nama oshadheebhya namo vaache namo vaachaspathaye  namo vishnave bruhathe karomi.

      8.Clean the hands again with water by reciting “vrushtirasi vruschame paapmanamamruthath sathyamupaaga”
Do aachamanam
  1. Chant “shuklam baradaram….”
  2. Do Pranayamam, “om Bhoo…”
  3. Mamopatha samastha duritha kshaya dwara sri parameshwra preethyartham  deva-rishi-pithru tharpanam karishye.
  4. Touch water and clean your hands
  5. Do deva tharpanam through the tip of fingers
               1.Bramodaya ye deva thaan devaan tharpayami
                2.Sarvaan devaan tharpayami
                3. Sarva deva ganaan tharpayami
                4.Sarva deva pathnis tharapayami
                5.Sarva deva ganapathnis tharpayami
       13, Do rishi tharpanam by wearing yagnopaveetha as garland and pouring out water from  the liitle finger
               1,Krishna dwaipayanaya ye rishaya thaan rishin tharpayami
                2. Sarvaan risheen tharpayami
               3.Sarva rishi ganaan tharpayami
                4. Sarve rishi pathnis tharpayami
                 5,Sarva rishi gana pathnistharpayami
                 6. Prajapathim kanda rishim tharpayami
                 7. Somam kanda rishim tharpayami
                 8. Agnim kanda rishim tharpayami
 Put the Yagnopaveetham in normal fashion and pour water from the tips of fingers
                 9. Viswan devan kanda rishin tharpayami
                 10. Samihithir devatha upanishada tharpayami
                 11. Yagnigir devatha upanishada tharpayami
                 12.Varuneer devatha upanishada tharpayami
Put the Yagnopaveetham and pour water by towards the left
                  13. Havyavaham tharpayami
                  14.Viswaan devaan kanda rishin tharpayaami
Pour water by the bottom of the palm towards self
                  15.Brahmanam swayambhuvam tharpayami
                   16.Viswan devan kandarishin tharpayami
                   17.Arunan kandarishin tharpayami
Put the Yagnopaveetham in normal fashion and pour water from the tips of fingers
                   18.Sadasaspathim tharpayami
                    19.Rig vedam tharpayami
                    20.Yajur Vedam tharpayami 
                    21. Sama Vedam tharpayami
                    22. Atharvana Vedam tharpayami
                    23. Ithihasa puranam tharpayami
                    24. Kalpam tharpayami
14.Only those who have lost their father (others go to step 15)do Pithru tharpanam wearing the yagnopaveetham on the right shoulder pouring water between the thumb. And index finger.
                   1.Soma pithruman yamo angiraswan agni kavyavahana ithyadaya ye pithara                                     
                       thaan pithrun tharpayami,
                    2. Sarvaan pithrun tharpayami
                    3. Sarva pithru ganan tharpayami
                    4. Sarva pithru pathnistharpayami
                    5. Sarva pithru ganapanthnistharpayami
                    6.oorjam vahanthi amrutham grutham paya keelaalam parisruyatham
                        swadaastha  tharpayatha me pithrun trupyatha, trupyatha, trupyatha
                     7.Aabrahma sthambha paryantham jagat trupyathu
15.Put the yagnopaveetha in the normal fashion
                Pour water saying Om That sat Brahmarpanamasthu
      And then do aachamanam.
Brahma yagnam(sacrifice to Brahma) is the oblation offered to satisfy Devas, Rishis(sages) and Pithrus(ancestors). It is supposed to be performed daily after Madhyannikam, But nowadays it is done mainly on avani avittam days.




Rig Vedi Avani Avittam for the year 2016 (17-8-2016)

 

 Rig  Vedi Avani Avittam for the year 2016 (17-8-2016)*



                           Avani Avittam 28-8-2015(Wednesday   )
                            (Compiled by P.R.Ramachander)
(For the past 15 years , I have been putting the   for the rig Vedis, the same collection of Manthras   like Yajur vedis.  Being a Yajur vedi  , I have seen the rig Vedis also doing   the same rituals   as Yajur Vedis.  A  learned Gentleman from Madras  viz Sri Mani Narayan wrote to me   that  the manthras , I was giving was wrong and the correct manthras   are available  in a book by  Seri L.Anantha Narayana Sastri and published by  R.S.Vadhyar, Palakkad.  Lat year I got the book, To my surprise  I found all the rituals before Mahasankalpa    were Pujas and Homas, which cannot be performed    without the help of   the learned priest.   They are
1,Vighneswara Pooja
2.Sankalpa Punyahavachanam
3.Aghni Mukham
4.Veda Vyasa Pooja
5.Pradhana AAjyaa hoothaya
6,Pradhana  Charu homa
7.Uthsarjanarthe  Veda Aarambh
8.Home sesha

       The Kanda Rishi Tharpanam of the Yajur Vedis is to be replaced by A very elaborate  Deva –Rishi –Tharpanam  , which is again  is followed by Gayathri Homa      and Veda Aramba,  Since I was trying     to give Manthras for people    who   cannot  get help of Vadhyars , I  am giving below, Yajnopavitha Dharana  Manthra,  Mahasankalpam and Deva Rishi Pithru Tharpanam , followed by Brahma  Yagna  and the Gayathri japa  manthras   for the 19-8-2016.  I am an ignoramus   and so  if I have committed any errors, please   pardon me. My thanks  for several of my friends   who responded for my request for clarification  on Rig Vedi Upakarmam)

1.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra
         ( Manthra for wearing  Poonal)
a.Aachamanam:Shuklaam Bharadharam……….      Santhaye
b.Om Bhoo…………..Bhoorbhavaswarom
c.Mamo patha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri paameshwara preethyartham
    Sroutha smartha vihitha sadachara  nithya karmaanushtanaa yogyatha sidhyartham  brhma teja abhivrudyartham yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye.

d.Yagnopaveetha  dharana maha manthrasya
   Parabrhma rishi(Touch forehead)
  Trushtup chanda (touch below nose)
  Paramathma devatha (touch heart)

e.Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga

        Wear Poonal one by one by reciting(poonal should be held by both hands, the tie in the poonal being held above by the right hand facing upwards)

Yagnopaveetham paramam pavithram  praja pathe,
Yat sahajam purasthad aayushyam
Agriyam prathi muncha shubram yagnopaveetham balamasthu theja.

f.After wearing all poonals one by one  do Aachamanam

g.Remove the old poonals  and break them to pieces by reciting

 Upaveetham bhinna thanthum jeernam kasmala dooshitham, visrujami jale punarbrahman varcho deergayurasthu me.

h.Do aachamanam.
  
       Summary meaning: I wear the white yagnopavitha that is purifying , which was born along with brahma, which is capable of increasing life .I am sure this would give glory and strength to me.I am destroying the dirty , soiled yasgnopavita .


There  is no Kamakarsheth Japa   prescribed  for those   who follow  Rig  veda


Summary meaning:Here again apart from locating oneself with reference to time , one locates himself with reference to place also.We are supposed to live in Jambu Dweepa, Bharatha Kanda which is south of the great mountain Maha meru.Then again this Bhasratha Kanda is blessed with many holy rivers and holy places.Then prayer is done to God to pardon sins committed by word, thought and deed, because this was done inspite of his great grace which made us be born as human beings after several wheels of birth.Also the sins performed during several ages in life is highlighted.Some of the sins specifically mentioned are those done while earning money without conscience, giving money to improper people, actions which did not suit the caste we are born in, sins due to non performance of actions which ought to have been done and so on. We pray God and tell him that we would take bath in holy pure water and then start the veda parayanas which is our duty as Brahmin.

3.Maha Samkalpam
      (17-8-2016   after Madhyaanikam and Brahma yagnam@)
a.Aachamanam
b.Shuklam baradharam……..
c.Om bhoo
d.Maha samkalpam
     Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam  paapam  , karmanaa
Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama rama
                Tidhir Vishnu, Tatha vaara, nakshatram Vishnu reva cha
                 Yogascha karanam chaiva  sarvam Vishnu mayam Jagat ,
                  Sri Govinda , Govinda, Govinda
Aadya sri bhagawatha, Aadi vishno, Aadinarayanasya achinthyaya , aparimithaya, sakthyaa, briyamaanasya, mahaa jaloughasya madhye,
 paribrhamatham  aneka koti  brhmaandanam madhye,  eka thame,  prithya aptejo  vayvakaasaa ahankaradhi  -mahada vyakthai-aavaranair- aavruthe- asmin mahathi bramanda-karandaka-madhye aadhara sakthi –koormaa nandathi  ashta diggajopari prathishtithasya , athala-vithala-suthala-rasaathala-thalaa thala-mahaathala-pathalakyai loka sapthakasya upari thale, punya kruthaam nivaasabhuthe  bhoor –bhuvar-suvar-mahar-janarr-thapa-satyaakhyai loka shatkasya adho bhage mahaa nalayamana phani raja seshasya sahasra phanaa mani mandala mandithe, dighdanthi-shunda dhanda-uttambhithe, panchasath koti yojana vistheerne, lokaloka –achalena valayithe lavaneshu-sura-sarpi-dhadhi-ksheera-udakaarnavischa parivruthe, jambhu-plaksha-saka-salmali-kusa-krouncha-pushkarakhya saptha dweepanaam madhye, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe, bharatha kande, prajaapathi kshetre  dandakaaranya-chamapakaaranya-vindhyaaranya-veekshaaranya-vedaaranayaadhi,  aneka punya aaranyaanam Madhya pradeshe, karma bhoomou,  rama –sethu-kedharayoo  madya pradaeshe , Bhaageerathi-Gouthami-Krishna veni-Yamuna-Narmadaa-Thungabadhraa-Triveni-Malaapahaarini-kaveri- ithyadi , aaneka punya nadhi viraajithe, Indraprastha-Yamaprastha-Aavanthikaapuri-Hasthinaapuri-Ayodhyaa puri-Maayaa puri-Kasi puri-Kanchi puri-Dwarakaa aadi aneka punya puree viraajithe Sakala jagat srushta, parardha dwaya jeevana, bramana  dweethiya parardhe, Pancha sathabdhou, prathame varshe, prathame mase, prathame pakshe, prathame divasae, aahni, dweethiye yame, trithiye muhurthe, swayambhuva-swarochisha-uthama-thamasa-raivatha-chakshu shakheshu, shatsu  manusha atheetheshu, sapthame vaivaswathe manvanthare, aashta vimsathi thame, kali yuge, prathame padhe, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe , Bharatha kande, Mero dakshine parswe. Asmin varthamane , vyavaharike prabhavaadheenam sashtya samvatsaranaam madhye
  Dunmukhi   nama samvatsare, Dakshinaayane, Varsha  rithou, Simha mase, Krishna  pakshe, aadhya Chathurdasyam   shubha thidou, SAumya  vasara yukthayam, Sravana ** nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubha karana evam guna,  viseshana visishtaayam, asyam chathurdasyam   shubha thidou ,

   anaadhya vidhya pravarthamane asmin  mahathi samsara chakre  vichitrabhi karma gathibhi vichitrasu yonishu puna puna anekadha janithwa kenapi punya karma  viseshena idhaanimthana manushye  dwijanma visesham prapthavatho  mama jjanmabhyasa jjanama prabruthi  ethath kshana paryantham , baalye, vayasi kaumare  yowane  vaardhake cha jagrath swapna sushupthya avasthamsu  mano vak kaya karmendriya  jnanendriya vyaparai kama-krodha-lobha-moha-madha-mathsaryaadhi  sambhavithaanam iha janmani  janmanthare cha jnana ajnana kruthaanam maha pathakanaam mahaa patathakanumanthratwadeenam , samapathakaanaam upapaathakaanaam malini karanaanam nindhitha dhana dhaano upa jeevanaadeenam aapathrikarananaam  jathi bramsa karaanam vihitha  karma thyaagaaadeenam  jnanadha  sakruth kruthanaam ajnanatha  asakruth kruthaanam  sarveeshaam papaanam  sadhya  aapanodhanartham
aswatha narayana sannidhou-deva brahmana sannidhou-tryaa trimsath koti devathaa sannidhou-sri visaalakshi sametha visweswara swami sannidhou-mahaa ganapathi sannidhou-seetha lakshmana bharatha sathrugna-hanumt samedha sri rama chandra swmai sannidhou-sri rukmani sathyabhama samedha sri gopala Krishna swami sannidhou-hari hara puthra swami sannidhou-sri lakshmi narayana swami sannidhou  sraavanyaam TRayodasyam  adhyothsarjana  karmaangam   avabrutha snanam aham kaishye
                  Athi krura maha kaya, kalpanthahanopama,
                   Bairavaya namasthubhyam anujnam dathu marhasi

@ Brahma Yagna Manthras are given at the end.
*Chathurdasi  is up to  4.28 Pm  on 17th  Aughust  and afterwards  Pournamasyam  , SRavana Nakshatra is up to  12.18 Am on 18-8-2016 afterwards Dhanishta  Nakshatram  For Rig Vedis Sravana Nakshatra is very important  . So  the  Upakarma should be done   before  12.18 AM IST on  18-8-2016


Summary meaning:Here again apart from locating oneself with reference to time , one locates himself with reference to place also.We are supposed to live in Jambu Dweepa, Bharatha Kanda which is south of the great mountain Maha meru.Then again this Bhasratha Kanda is blessed with many holy rivers and holy places.Then prayer is done to God to pardon sins committed by word, thought and deed, because this was done inspite of his great grace which made us be born as human beings after several wheels of birth.Also the sins performed during several ages in life is highlighted.Some of the sins specifically mentioned are those done while earning money without conscience, giving money to improper people, actions which did not suit the caste we are born in, sins due to non performance of actions which ought to have been done and so on. We pray God and tell him that we would take bath in holy pure water and then start the veda parayanas which is our duty as Brahmin.

3.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra

     After bath again change poonal by reciting manthra as given in s.No.1.Please note that now a days very rarely people take bath after mahaa sankalpam but do prokshana snanam i.e bath by sprinkling of water on the head.

4.Deva Rishi  Pithru Tharpanam

1.Shuklambaradaram Vishnum , saivarnam chathur   bujam,
Prasanna vadanam dhayayeth  , Sarva Vighna upasanthaye.

2.Om Bhoo
3.Mamopartha   samastha duritha kshayam dwara  , sri parameswara preethyartham  , aadyoyaathsarjjana  karmangam   ,
 Deva , rishi   THarpanam karishye(  For people having  father living),
Deva  , rishi  , Pithru  , tharpanam   Karishye (   For people whose father is no more.)

3. Deva Rishi Pithru Tharpanam
I. With Yagnopavita  on  left shoulder(Upavitha) one tharpanam from tip of fingers
     1.SAvithrim Tharpayami  ,
     2.Brahmaanam Tharpayami
     3.Sradham Tharpayami
     4.Medham Tharpayami
     5.Praajnaam Tharpayami
     6.Dharanaam tharpayami
     7.Sadasaspathim Tharpayami
      8.Anumathim Tharpayami
     9.Chandamsi risheen tharpayami

II. With Yagnopavita   on Left shoulder(Upveethi), one tharpanam through tip of the fingers

1.”Agnimeele Purohitham  Yagnasya  deva mruthveejam   hothaaram rathna dhathamam “ Agnim Tharpayami
(The manthra within inversted commas   is the rik. According to rules these tharpanams are to be done with chanting  the rik . But if the custom  of your family, is not to chant the rik, please  chant only “Agnim Tharpayami”)
2.”Kushumbakasthadha  braveedh   giree  pravarthamaanaka   vruschikasyaarasam vishamarasam   Vruschika   thee visham” apthyaana  suryaan tharpayami
3.”Thwam agne  dhybhi sthwa maa susukshaani  stwamadh bhya  stham asmana   pari , thwam vanebhya   sthwam oshadheebhya , sthwam nrunaam  nrupathe  jayase   suchi” agnim tharpayami
4.”aavadhgasthwam  sakune  badhramavadha   thushnemaaseena   sumathim   chikuidhi na  , yadath padan   vadasi  karkareeryadhaa  bruhathadhema  vidhadhe  suveeraa” sakuntham tharpayami
5.”Somasya  maa thavasam  vakshyagne  vahnim  chakrtha  vidhadhe   yajadhyai  devaa  achaa  dheedhya  dhyagne   adhrim   samaa  ye agne  thanwam   jushaswa  “Agnim tharpayami
6.”Grunaanaa jamadanina yonaa vruthasya seedhatham    somamruthaavrudhaa  “ Mithravarunou  Tharpayami.
7.”thwam hyagne  sadamith samanyavo  devaaso devamarathimn  nyorira  ithi kruthwaa ntyoriree .Amarthyam  yagnamarthhyeshwaa  devamaa  devam  janatha   prechethasam  Viswamadevam  janatha prachethasam  “ Agnim tharpayami.
8.”Dhamanthe  viswam  bhuvana madhi  sritha  mantha samudhre  hrudhya antharaayushi   apamaaneeke  samidheya  abruthasthama shyama madhumantham   tha oormim”  apa  tharpayami
9.”Abodhyagni  budhagavishti  ravagni sthrishtyup  uthsa ga  abodhyagni  samidhaa janaanaam  prathi  dhenum mivayathi mushaasaam   yahwaa  iva pravayaamujjihaanaa prabhanavaa  sisrathe naka macha” agnim tharpayami
10.”ganthano yagnam  yagniyaa   susami srotho havamaraksha   yevayaa maruth  , jyeshtaaso  na parvathaaso  vyomani  yooyam  thasya  prachethasaa  syatha dhurdhatha  vo nidha “ Marutha tharpayami
11.”Thwaam hyagne  pradhamo moanotha  asyaa  dhiyo   abhavo  dasma  hothaa . thwam   seem  vrushanna krunor dhishta  reethu   saho  viswasmai  sahase  sahadhyai  “  agnim tharpayami
12.”yon a swo  aranoo yascha  nishtyo jigaamsathi  devaastham  sarvee dhoorvanthu  brahma  varme mamantharam “ devaan brahma  tharpayami.
13.” Agnim  naro  dheedhithibhiraranyor hastha chyoothi  janayantha prasastham  . dhoore drusam  gruhapathi madharyoom  “ Agnim tharpayami
14.”Prathi chakshwa vichakshendrascha soma jaagrutham   rakshobhyo  vadamasyathamasanim   yathumadhbhya” indra somou  tharpayami
15.”Ma  chaidhanyadhwisamsatha sakhaa yo maa rishanyatha indramith sthotho  vrushanam sachaasuthe muhurkdhaa cha   samsathas”  Indram tharpayami.
16.”aagneyaahi   maruthsakhaa   rudrebhi  soma peethaye   sobharyaa upasushtyathimn  madhayaswa  swarnare” Agna marutha tharpayami
17.”swadhishtayaa  madhishtayaa  pavaswasoma  dharayaa indraaya  pathave   sutha”,  pavamana somam tharpayami.
18.”Yathe  rajajnachrutham   havisthena   somabhiraksha na  , araatheeva  maa   nasthareenmochana  kinchanamamadhiriyondho  parisrava “  pavamana somam  tharpayami .
19.”agre brahunnashasaamoordhwo  asthanirjaganwaan   thamaso   jyothishaa aagath   , agnir bhanunaa rusathaa  swanga aa jatho visou  sadhmaanyapraa” Agnim  tharpayami
20.”samaanee  va aakoothi ssamaanaa hrudayaani  va samanamasthu   vo mano  yadhaava ssushaasathi “  samjnanam tharpayami
21.”Thachamyoraa vruneemahe  gathum   yajnaayaa  gathum  yajnapathaye  daivee  swasthirasthuna swasthr manushebhya oordhwam   jigathu  bheshajam   sanno asthu  dwipadhe  sam  chaushpade”  Viswaan devan  Tharpaymi

IIi. Deva tharpanam 
 With Yagnopavita   on Left shoulder(Upveethi), one tharpanam through tip of fingers

1.Prajapthi sthrupyanthu
2.Brahma sthrupyanthu
3.Vedaa sthrupyanthu
4.Devaa sthrupyanthu
5.Rushyaa  sthrupyanthu
6.Sarvaani chandaamsi  sthrupyanthu
7.Omkaara sthrupyanthu
8.Vashatkara sthrupyanthu
9.Vyaahruthaya sthrupyanthu
10.Savithri sthrupyanthu
11.Yajnaaa sthrupyanthu
12.  Dhwa pruthwi sthrupyanthu
13. Anthareeksham sthrupyanthu
14.Ahoraathraani sthrupyanthu
15. Saankhyaa sthrupyanthu
16.Sidhaa sthrupyanthu
17.SAmudraa sthrupyanthu
18.Nadhyaa sthrupyanthu
19.Girayaa sthrupyanthu
20.Kshet5hra oushadhi  vanaspathi   Gandharwaa apasrasa sthrupyanthu
21.Nagaa sthrupyanthu
22.Vayaamsi sthrupyanthu
23.Gaavaa sthrupyanthu
24.Saadhyaa sthrupyanthu
25.Vipraa sthrupyanthu
26.Yakshaa sthrupyanthu
27.Rakshaamsi  Trupyanthu
28.Bhoothani Trupyanthu
29.Yevamathani Trupyanthu

Iv. Rishi Tharpanam
Wearing Yagnopavita as  Garland( Niveethi) , Two  times water has to be offered   from the centre of the palm
 1.Satharchinaa strupyanthu
2.Maadhyamma strupyanthu
3.Gruthsamadha strupyanthu
4.Viswamithra strupyanthu
5.Vamadevaa strupyanthu
6.Athri strupyanthu
7.Bharadwaja strupyanthu
8.Vasishtaa strupyanthu
9.Pragaadhaa strupyanthu
10.Pavamaanaa strupyanthu
11.Kshudrasukthaa strupyanthu
12.Mahaa sukthaa strupyanthu

V.Aacharya tharpanam  (Yagnopasvitha on right shgoulder(Prachina vidhi)
 Three tharpanam every  time  water to go in between thumb and the palm.

1.Sumathu  Jaimini  Vaisampayana   Paila  Suthra Bhasya  Bharatha  Mahabharatha   Dharmaacharaa  strupyanthu
2.Jaananthi  Baahavi  Gaargya  Gowthama   Saakalya  Bhaabravyaa  , Mandavyaa  Mandukeya strupyanthu
3.Gaargi  vaachakavi  Thrupyathu
4. Badavaa  Praathideyi thrupyathu
5.Sulabhaa Maithreyi thrupyathu
6.Kaholam tharpayami
7.Kousheethakam  tharpayami
8.Maja Kousheethakam  tharpayami
9.Paingyam tharpayami
10. Maha paingyam tharpayami
11.Suyagnam Tharpayami
12.Sankyayanam tharpayami
13.Aithareyam tharpayami
14.Maha aithareyam tharpayami
15.Saakalam tharpayami
16.Bhashkalam tharpayami
17.Sujatha vakthram tharpayami
18.Oudhavahim tharpayami
19.Maha oudhavahim  tharpayami
20. Soujamim  tharpayami
21.Sounakam tharpayami
22.Aaswalaayanam tharpayami

Vi. Pithru  tharpanam  (Yagnopasvitha on right shgoulder(Prachina vidhi)
 Three tharpanam every  time  water to go in between thumb and the palm.

1.Pithrun Swadhaa  namastharpayami
2.Pithamahaan Swadhaa  namastharpayami
3.Prapithaamahaan Swadhaa  namastharpayami
4.Mathru Swadhaa  namastharpayami
5.Pthamahi Swadhaa  namastharpayami
6.Prapithamahi Swadhaa  namastharpayami
7.Mathamahaan Swadhaa  namastharpayami
8.Mathu pithamahaan Swadhaa  namastharpayami
9.Mathu prapithamahaan Swadhaa  namastharpayami
10.Matha mahi Swadhaa  namastharpayami
11.Mathu pithamaha Swadhaa  namastharpayami
12.Mathu prapithamaha Swadhaa  namastharpayami
13. Yathra  kwachana  samsthaanaam   kshuth   trushnopahathathmanaam  ,
Bhoothaam   trupthaye thoyam   idhamasthu yadha sukham  trupyatha, trupyatha , trupyatha

Wear Yagnopaveetha  on the left shoulder  , do Aachamanam  
And
Saying “Om Thathsath Brahmarpanamathu “ pour out little water

 5.Vedarambham

    Though these are essential part of Avani avittam , I am not giving this because Vedic manthraas are very diffcult to transliterate in to English and reading them wrongly would be counter productive.

6.Gaayathri japam (19-8-2016)
                  For Yajur, Rig and Sama Vedis

1.Aachamanam
2,Shuklaam baradharam
 3.Om bhoo
 4.Mamo patha samastha duritha kshya dwara  sri parameshwara preethyartham Tadeva lagnam sudhinam tadaiva, tharaa balam chandra balam thadaiva , vidhya balam daiva balam tadaiva, Sri Lakshmi pathe aangriyugam smaramaami
              Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam  paapam  , karmanaa
Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama Shubhe Shobane muhurthe  adya Brahmana dwiteeya paradhe , Swetha varaha kalpe, Vaivaswatha Manvanthare, Ashtavimsathi thame  , Kali yuge, Prathame pade, Jambhu Dwipe, Bharatha Varshe,Bhartaha Kande, Mero Dakshine Parswe, Sakabdhe, Asmin Varthamane  Vyavaharike, Prabhavadhi Sashti Samavathsaranaam Madhye,
 Dunmukhi   nama Samvathsare , Dakshinayane, Varsha Rithou, Simha mase  Krishna pakshe  aadhya prathamaayam*  shubha thidou  Bhrigu   vaasara yukthayaam  sathabishak  ** nakshatra yukthaayam  shubha yoga shubha karana  evam guna viseshana visisishtaayam  asyaam prathamaayam  shubha thidou  mithyaa theetha prayaschittartham  ashtothara sahasra samkya  gayatri maha manthra japam karishye.
     Start from Pravasya Rishi brahma….  followed by aayathith anuvagasya… and then chant the gaythri manthra 1008 times.
 Complete with Abhivaadaye  and then complete with
     Kayena vacha…….
  *Prathama   up to  1.01  PM  on 19-8-2016   and then  Dwitheeya 10.46  am  next day
**Sathabishak   Nakshatra is up to 10.05 PM    on 19/8/2016  IST , afterwards Poorva proshtapada    Nakshatra yukthayam  up top 8.30 AM  next day.
        Please compare the time when you are doing japam to IST and do corrections accordingly.

Appendix Brahma Yagnam.

  1. Perform Achamanam
  2. Face eastern direction and do “Shuklam baradaram….” Followed by pranayamam “om Bhoo…”
  3. Mamopatha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri Parameshwara preethyartham Brahma Yagnam karishye. Brahma yagnena Yakshye.
  4. Chant and clean the hands with water
Vidhyudasi paapmanam vidhya me paapmanam amruthath Sathya mupaime
And then chant
      Om Bhooo tatsa vithurvarenyam
       Om Bhuva Bhargo devasya Dheemahi
        Ogum suva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
        Om Bhooo Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya dheemahi
         Om Bhuva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
         Ogum Suva Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya Dheemahi Dhiyo yona         prachothayath

  1. Chant  Vedic manthras
Om Agnimeele purohitham Yagnasya Dheva mruthvijam, hotharam Rathna Dhathamam hari om
Om Atha Maha vrutham  yesha bandhaa, yethath karma adatha samhithaya Upanishad-vidhamaga nvitha kathum  maha vruthasya pancha vimsathi   sami  dhenya agnir  vai  devanaam avamo   Vishnu
Adhaithasya   samnayasya vidhano  yo gapthim  vakshyama  ukthani   vaidhanikani   gruhyani  vakshyama
Yadheendrathou  dasarajne manusham  vyapakaa  hathaa idham  janaa  upasruthaa  naraasamasas thavishyathe
AAdhyam  purushameesaanam  Yogeeswaram Yajnavalkyam  namo hiranyagarbhaya  haraye   samkarayacha mayarasathajabha nalaga sammitham
Adha  seekshaam   pravakshyami   om gau  gma  jma kshma  adatho  dharma jijnasa,

 Then repeat three times
Om Namo Bruhathe  Karomui

Hari om Ishe Tworje Thwa vayavasthapayavastha Devo vassavitha prarpayathu sreshtathamaya karmane-Hari Om

Hari  Om Agna Aayahi veethaye grunano havyadathaye, ni hotha sadhsi bharhishi Hari Om

Hari Om sanno devirabheeshtaya Aapo peethaye sam yorabhisravanthu na Hari Om

       After this recite if possible vedic manthras that you know like Rudram, Chamakam etc

  1. Sprinkle water round the head by reciting
                        Om Bhoorbuvassurom    Sathyam Thapa sradhayam juhomi

  1. Recite three times with folded hands
Om namo brahmane namosthwagnaye nama pruthwyai nama oshadheebhya namo vaache namo vaachaspathaye  namo vishnave bruhathe karomi.

      8.Clean the hands again with water by reciting “vrushtirasi vruschame paapmanamamruthath sathyamupaaga”
Do aachamanam
  1.  
  2. Chant “shuklam baradaram….”
  3. Do Pranayamam, “om Bhoo…”
  4. Mamopatha samastha duritha kshaya dwara sri parameshwra preethyartham  deva-rishi-pithru tharpanam karishye.
  5. Touch water and clean your hands
  6. Do deva tharpanam through the tip of fingers
1.prajapathis tripyathu
2.Brahma trupyathu
3.Vedas trupyanthu
4,Devadas trupyanthu
5.Rishayastrupyanthu
6.SArvani chandamsi trupyanthu
7.Omkaras trupyanthu
8.Vashatkara trupyathu
9.Vyahrutha strupyanthu
10.Savithri strupyathu
11.yajnastrupyanthu
12.Dhyavaa pruthvi  trupyethaam
13.Anthareeksham trupyathu
14.Ahorathrani trupyanthu
15.Sankhyas trupyanthu
16.Sidhas trupyanthu
17.Saadhyas trupyanthu
18,SAmudrastrupyanthu
19.Nadhyas trupyanthu
20.Gavastrupyanthu
21.Krayas trupyanthu
22.Kshetra oushadhi  vanaspathi  Gandharwa apsaras trupyanthu
23.nagas trupyanthu
24.Vayamsi trupyanthu
25.Vayamsi trupyanthu
26.Vipras trupyanthu
27.Yakshas trupyanthu
28.Rakshamsi trupyanthu
29.Bhoothani trupyanthu
30Yevamanthani trupyanthu

       13, Do rishi tharpanam by wearing yagnopaveetha as garland and pouring out water from  the liitle finger

 1.SAdarsina   trupyanthu
2,Madhyamas trupyanthu
3.Krutha samathas  trupyanthu
\4.Viswamithra strupyanthu
5.Vama devastrupyanthu
6.Bhardwajas trupyathu
7.Vasishtastrupyathu
8.Prakathas trupyanthu
9.Pavamanas trupyanthu
10.Kshudra sukthas  trupyanthu
11,Maha sookthas trupyanthu

14.Only those who have lost their father (others go to step 15)do Pithru tharpanam wearing the yagnopaveetham on the right shoulder pouring water between the thumb. And index finger.
1.Sumanthu  Jaimin  vaisampayana   pails  suthrakara  bashya   BHaratha  Mahabharatha   dharmacharyas trupyanthu
2.Janandhi   Bahavi  Gargya  Gowthama  SAkalya Babravya   Mandavya , mandugoyas  trupyanthu
3.Gargi  vasaknavi  Trupyathu
4.Padapss prathitheyi  trupyathu
5.Sulabha Maithreyi trupyathu
6.Kaholam tharpayami
7.Kowsheethakam tharpayami
8.Maha kowsheethakam tharpayami
9.Paingam tharpayami
10.Maha Paingam tharpayami
11.Suyajnam tharpayami
12.SAkhyayanam tharpayami
13.Ithreyam tharpayami
14.Mahaithareyam tharpayami
15.Sakalam tharpayami
16.Bashkalam tharpaya,mi
17.Sujatha vakthram tharpayami
18.Oudhavahim tharpayami
19.mahoudhavahim  Tharpayami
20.Saujamim tharpayami
21.Saunakam tharpayami
22.Aswalayanam tharpayami
23.Ye cha anye   aacharyaa  they  sarva trupyanthu

Yathra  kwachana  samsthanaam  ,
Kshudthrushno pahatha maathmaanam,
BHoothaanaam   trupthaye   thoyam
Ithamasthu  Yada sukham

24.Pitharam tharpayami
25.Pithamaham tharpayami
Prapithamaham tharpayami

15.Put the yagnopaveetha in the normal fashion
                Pour water saying Om That sat Brahmarpanamasthu
      And then do aachamanam.
Brahma yagnam(sacrifice to Brahma) is the oblation offered to satisfy Devas, Rishis(sages) and Pithrus(ancestors). It is supposed to be performed daily after Madhyannikam, But nowadays it is done mainly on avani avittam days.





* Taken from book on Sandhya Vandhana Bhashyam published by Ramakrishna mutt. Mylapore, Chennai, and Yajur upa karma prayoga published by R.S.Vadhyar , Kalapathy. Transliteration done by P.R.Ramachander

Yajur Vedi Avani Avittam for the year 2016*

 

 Yajur  Vedi Avani Avittam for the year 2016*


                           Avani Avittam 18-8-2016 (Thursday )
                            (Compiled by P.R.Ramachander)

1.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra
         ( Manthra for wearing  Poonal)
a.Aachamanam:Shuklaam Bharadharam……….      Santhaye
b.Om Bhoo…………..Bhoorbhavaswarom
c.Mamo patha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri paameshwara preethyartham
    Sroutha smartha vihitha sadachara  nithya karmaanushtanaa yogyatha sidhyartham  brhma teja abhivrudyartham yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye.

d.Yagnopaveetha  dharana maha manthrasya
   Parabrhma rishi(Touch forehead)
  Trushtup chanda (touch below nose)
  Paramathma devatha (touch heart)

e.Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga

        Wear Poonal one by one by reciting(poonal should be held by both hands, the tie in the poonal being held above by the right hand facing upwards)

Yagnopaveetham paramam pavithram  praja pathe,
Yat sahajam purasthad aayushyam
Agriyam prathi muncha shubram yagnopaveetham balamasthu theja.

f.After wearing all poonals one by one  do Aachamanam

g.Remove the old poonals  and break them to pieces by reciting

 Upaveetham bhinna thanthum jeernam kasmala dooshitham, visrujami na hi brahma-varcho deerghayurastu me


h.Do aachamanam.
  
       Summary meaning: I wear the white yagnopavitha that is purifying , which was born along with brahma, which is capable of increasing life .I am sure this would give glory and strength to me.I am destroying the dirty , soiled yasgnopavita .

2.Kamo karshet Japam 18-8-2016 morning)

      a.Aaachamanam:Shuklaam Bharadharam…….Santhaye
       b.Om Bhoo
        c.Mamo patha--- Preethyartham
            Tadeva lagnam sudhinam tadaiva, tharaa balam chandra balam thadaiva , vidhya balam daiva balam tadaiva, Sri Lakshmi pathe aangriyugam smaraami
              Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam  paapam  , karmanaa
Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama
                Tidhir Vishnu, Tatha vaara, nakshatram Vishnu reva cha
                 Yogascha karanam chaiva  sarvam Vishnu mayam Jagat ,
                  Sri Govinda , Govinda, Govinda
Aadhya sri bagavatha mahaa purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya , Pravarthamanasya , Aadhya brhmana  , dweethiya parardhe, swetha varaha kalpe, , Vaivaswatha manvanthare, ashta vimsathi thame, kali yuge, prathame padhe, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe , Bharatha kande, Mero dakshine parswe. Asmin varthamane , vyavaharike prabhavaadheenam sashti samvatsaranaam madhye ,  Dunmukhi  nama samvatsare, Dakshinaayane, varsha rithou, Simha mase, shukla pakshe, aadhya pournamasyam  shubha thidou, guru  vasara yukthayam, Sravishta ** nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubha karana evam guna,  viseshana visishtaayam, asyam pournamaasyam  shubha thidou, taishyaam pournamaasyam* adhyot sarjana akarana praayaschithartham , samvatsara praayaschithartham, cha ashtothara satha samkhyaa “kamo karsheth  manyura karsheth” ithi maha manthra japam karishye.
    d.Then chant “Kamo karsheth manyura karsheth ” 108 times
e.Afterwards perform Aachamana and say”Kama manyu upasthanam karishye”   ,  and saying “Om tat sat brahmaarpanam asthu.” Pour an Udharani of water   

*On 18-8-2016 , Pournami   is up to  10.18 PM   , and  Prathama  is  up to 1.01  PM of  19--8-2016  IST  **   Sravishta  Nakshatra is up to 11.23 PM   IST on 18/8/2016 and sathabishak  Nakshatra   afterwards  till 10.05  PM next day  according to the Madathu Panchanga.., Before you do the Upakarma   , please calculate corresponding  IST  and take the  proper Thidhi and Nakshatra. This is also applicable to mantras of Maha Sankalpam given below.

Summary meaning:The Brahmin first prays God that the time of doing whatever it may be  should become holy  and this he is sure is achieved by prayer to God.Then he tells when he is doing this japa, for example which year, which season, which day and so on.And he says that this japa is being done as a repentance for his not perfornming various religious duties during the year that he ought to have performed.The main manthra is a prayer to pardon the lapses which were due to Kama(passion) krodha(anger) and lopa(avarice)

3.Maha Sankalpam
       (18-8-2016  after Madhyaanikam and Brahma yagnam-Manthras for Brahma Yajnam for Apasthambha suthram and Bodhayana  are  given one after another  at the end )
a.Aachamanam
b.Shuklam baradharam……..
c.Om bhoo
d.Maha samkalpam
     Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam  paapam  , karmanaa
Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama rama
                Tidhir Vishnu, Tatha vaara, nakshatram Vishnu reva cha
                 Yogascha karanam chaiva  sarvam Vishnu mayam Jagat ,
                  Sri Govinda , Govinda, Govinda
Aadya sri bhagawatha, Aadi vishno, Aadinarayanasya achinthyaya , aparimithaya, sakthyaa, briyamaanasya, mahaa jaloughasya madhye,
 paribrhamatham  aneka koti  brhmaandanam madhye,  eka thame,  prithya aptejo  vayvakaasaa ahankaradhi  -mahada vyakthai-aavaranair- aavruthe- asmin mahathi bramanda-karandaka-madhye aadhara sakthi –koormaa nandathi  ashta diggajopari prathishtithasya , athala-vithala-suthala-rasaathala-thalaa thala-mahaathala-pathalakyai loka sapthakasya upari thale, punya kruthaam nivaasabhuthe  bhoor –bhuvar-suvar-mahar-janarr-thapa-satyaakhyai loka shatkasya adho bhage mahaa nalayamana phani raja seshasya sahasra phanaa mani mandala mandithe, dighdanthi-shunda dhanda-uttambhithe, panchasath koti yojana vistheerne, lokaloka –achalena valayithe lavaneshu-sura-sarpi-dhadhi-ksheera-udakaarnavischa parivruthe, jambhu-plaksha-saka-salmali-kusa-krouncha-pushkarakhya saptha dweepanaam madhye, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe, bharatha kande, prajaapathi kshetre  dandakaaranya-chamapakaaranya-vindhyaaranya-veekshaaranya-vedaaranayaadhi,  aneka punya aaranyaanam Madhya pradeshe, karma bhoomou,  rama –sethu-kedharayoo  madya pradaeshe , Bhaageerathi-Gouthami-Krishna veni-Yamuna-Narmadaa-Thungabadhraa-Triveni-Malaapahaarini-kaveri- ithyadi , aaneka punya nadhi viraajithe, Indraprastha-Yamaprastha-Aavanthikaapuri-Hasthinaapuri-Ayodhyaa puri-Maayaa puri-Kasi puri-Kanchi puri-Dwarakaa aadi aneka punya puree viraajithe Sakala jagat srushta, parardha dwaya jeevana, bramana  dweethiya parardhe, Pancha sathabdhou, prathame varshe, prathame mase, prathame pakshe, prathame divasae, aahni, dweethiye yame, trithiye muhurthe, swayambhuva-swarochisha-uthama-thamasa-raivatha-chakshu shakheshu, shatsu  manusha atheetheshu, sapthame vaivaswathe manvanthare, aashta vimsathi thame, kali yuge, prathame padhe, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe , Bharatha kande, Mero dakshine parswe. Asmin varthamane , vyavaharike prabhavaadheenam sashtya samvatsaranaam madhye , Dunmukhi  nama samvatsare, Dakshinaayane, varsha rithou, Simha mase, shukla pakshe, aadhya pournamasyam  shubha thidou, guru  vasara yukthayam, Sravishta ** nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubha karana evam guna,  viseshana visishtaayam, asyam pournamaasyam  shubha thidou  anaadhya vidhya pravarthamane , asmin  mahathi samsara chakre  vichitrabhi karma gathibhi vichitrasu yonishu puna puna anekadha janithwa kenapi punya karma  viseshena idhaanimthana manushye  dwijanma visesham prapthavatho  mama jjanmabhyasa jjanama prabruthi  ethath kshana paryantham , baalye, vayasi kaumare  yowane  vaardhake cha jagrath swapna sushupthya avasthamsu  mano vak kaya karmendriya  jnanendriya vyaparai kama-krodha-lobha-moha-madha-mathsaryaadhi  sambhavithaanam iha janmani  janmanthare cha jnana ajnana kruthaanam maha pathakanaam mahaa patathakanumanthratwadeenam , samapathakaanaam upapaathakaanaam malini karanaanam nindhitha dhana dhaano upa jeevanaadeenam aapathrikarananaam  jathi bramsa karaanam vihitha  karma thyaagaaadeenam  jnanadha  sakruth kruthanaam ajnanatha  asakruth kruthaanam  sarveeshaam papaanam  sadhya  aapanodhanartham
aswatha narayana sannidhou-deva brahmana sannidhou-tryaa trimsath koti devathaa sannidhou-sri visaalakshi sametha visweswara swami sannidhou-mahaa ganapathi sannidhou-seetha lakshmana bharatha sathrugna-hanumt samedha sri rama chandra swmai sannidhou-sri rukmani sathyabhama samedha sri gopala Krishna swami sannidhou-hari hara puthra swami sannidhou-sri lakshmi narayana swami sannidhou  sraavanyaam pournamasyaam adhyopakrama karma karishye.Thadangam sravanee pournamasi punyakale sareera shudhartam  shuddhodhaka snanam aham karishye
                  Athi krura maha kaya, kalpanthahanopama,
                   Bairavaya namasthubhyam anujnam dathu marhasi

@ Brahma Yagna Manthras are given at the end.
*On 18-8-2016 , Pournami   is up to  10.18 PM   , and  Prathama  is  up to 1.01  PM of  19--8-2016  IST  **   Sravishta  Nakshatra is up to 11.23 PM   IST on 18/8/2016 and sathabishak  Nakshatra   afterwards  till 10.05  PM next day  according to the Madathu Panchanga.., Before you do the Upakarma   , please calculate corresponding  IST  and take the  proper Thidhi and Nakshatra. This is also applicable to mantras of Maha Sankalpam given below.

Summary meaning:Here again apart from locating oneself with reference to time , one locates himself with reference to place also.We are supposed to live in Jambu Dweepa, Bharatha Kanda which is south of the great mountain Maha meru.Then again this Bhasratha Kanda is blessed with many holy rivers and holy places.Then prayer is done to God to pardon sins committed by word, thought and deed, because this was done inspite of his great grace which made us be born as human beings after several wheels of birth.Also the sins performed during several ages in life is highlighted.Some of the sins specifically mentioned are those done while earning money without conscience, giving money to improper people, actions which did not suit the caste we are born in, sins due to non performance of actions which ought to have been done and so on. We pray God and tell him that we would take bath in holy pure water and then start the veda parayanas which is our duty as Brahmin.

4.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra

     After bath again change poonal by reciting manthra as given in s.No.1.Please note that now a days very rarely people take bath after mahaa sankalpam but do prokshana snanam i.e bath by sprinkling of water on the head.

5.Kanda Rishi Tharpanam
    1,Aachamanam
     2,Shklaama baradharam
     3.Om bhoo
      4.Mamo patha samastha durida kshya dwara  sri parameshwata preethyartham sravanyaam  pournamaasyam  adhyoyapakrama  karmangam kanda rishi tharpanam karishye.
     Wear poonal as garland and do tharpanam using water mixed with thil (black gingely) and akshatha
      Each manthra has to be chanted thrice and tharpanam done.

1.Prajapathim kanda rishim tharpayami
2,Somam kanda rishim tharpayami
 3.Agnim kanda rishim tharpayami
4.Viswaan devaan kanda rishim tharpayaami
5.Saahinkeer devatha upanishadha tharpayami
6.Yagnigeer devatha upanishadha tharpayaami
 7.Vaaruneer devatha upanishadha tharpayami
8.Brhamanagum  swayubhuvam tharpayaami
9.Sadasaspathim tharpayami
  wear poonal in the normal fashion and then do aachamana.

Summary meaning:Tharpanam means really satisfying.By this tharpanam we satisfy the rishi(sages) of Soma(moon), Agni(fire), Viswaan devan(all gods looking after earth), etc.

5.Vedarambham

    Though these are essential part of Avani avittam , I am not giving this because Vedic manthraas are very difficult to transliterate in to English and reading them wrongly would be counter productive.

6.Gaayathri japam (19-8-2016)
                  For Yajur, Rig and Sama Vedis

1.Aachamanam
2,Shuklaam baradharam
 3.Om bhoo
 4.Mamo patha samastha duritha kshya dwara  sri parameshwara preethyartham Tadeva lagnam sudhinam tadaiva, tharaa balam chandra balam thadaiva , vidhya balam daiva balam tadaiva, Sri Lakshmi pathe aangriyugam smaramaami
              Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam  paapam  , karmanaa
Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama Shubhe Shobane muhurthe  adya Brahmana dwiteeya paradhe , Swetha varaha kalpe, Vaivaswatha Manvanthare, Ashtavimsathi thame  , Kali yuge, Prathame pade, Jambhu Dwipe, Bharatha Varshe,Bhartaha Kande, Mero Dakshine Parswe, Sakabdhe, Asmin Varthamane  Vyavaharike, Prabhavadhi Sashti Samavathsaranaam Madhye,
 Dunmukhi   nama Samvathsare , Dakshinayane, Varsha Rithou, Simha mase  Krishna pakshe  aadhya prathamaayam*  shubha thidou  Bhrigu   vaasara yukthayaam  sathabishak  ** nakshatra yukthaayam  shubha yoga shubha karana  evam guna viseshana visisishtaayam  asyaam prathamaayam  shubha thidou  mithyaa theetha prayaschittartham  ashtothara sahasra samkya  gayatri maha manthra japam karishye.
     Start from Pravasya Rishi brahma….  followed by aayathith anuvagasya… and then chant the gaythri manthra 1008 times.
 Complete with Abhivaadaye  and then complete with
     Kayena vacha…….
  *Prathama   up to  1.01  PM  on 19-8-2016   and then  Dwitheeya 10.46  am  next day
**Sathabishak   Nakshatra is up to 10.05 PM    on 19/8/2016  IST , afterwards Poorva proshtapada    Nakshatra yukthayam  up top 8.30 AM  next day.
        Please compare the time when you are doing japam to IST and do corrections accordingly.
Appendix  I, Apasthamba Suthra Brahma Yagnam.

  1. Perform Achamanam
  2. Face eastern direction and do “Shuklam baradaram….” Followed by pranayamam “om Bhoo…”
  3. Mamopatha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri Parameshwara preethyartham Brahma Yagnam karishye. Brahma yagnena Yakshye.
  4. Chant and clean the hands with water
Vidhyudasi paapmanam vidhya me paapmanam amruthath Sathya mupaime
And then chant
      Om Bhooo tatsa vithurvarenyam
       Om Bhuva Bhargo devasya Dheemahi
        Ogum suva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
        Om Bhooo Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya dheemahi
         Om Bhuva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
         Ogum Suva Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya Dheemahi Dhiyo yona         prachothayath

  1. Chant  Vedic manthras
Om Agnimeele purohitham Yagnasya Dheva mruthvijam, hotharam Rathna Dhathamam
Om Ishe Twoje Thwa vayavasthapayavastha Devo vassavitha prarpayathu sreshtathamaya karmane
Om Agna Aayahi veethaye grunano havyadathaye, ni hotha sadhsi bharhishi
Om sanno devirabheeshtaya Aapo peethaye sam yorabhisravanthu na
       After this recite if possible vedic manthras that you know like Rudram, Chamakam etc

  1. Sprinkle water round the head by reciting
                           Sathyam Thapa sradhayam juhomi

  1. Recite three times with folded hands
Om namo brahmane namosthwagnaye nama pruthwyai nama oshadheebhya namo vaache namo vaachaspathaye  namo vishnave bruhathe karomi.

      8.Clean the hands again with water by reciting “vrushtirasi vruschame paapmanamamruthath sathyamupaaga”
Do aachamanam
  1. Chant “shuklam baradaram….”
  2. Do Pranayamam, “om Bhoo…”
  3. Mamopatha samastha duritha kshaya dwara sri parameshwra preethyartham  deva-rishi-pithru tharpanam karishye.
  4. Touch water and clean your hands
  5. Do deva tharpanam through the tip of fingers
               1.Bramodaya ye deva thaan devaan tharpayami
                2.Sarvaan devaan tharpayami
                3. Sarva deva ganaan tharpayami
                4.Sarva deva pathnis tharapayami
                5.Sarva deva ganapathnis tharpayami
       13, Do rishi tharpanam by wearing yagnopaveetha as garland and pouring out water from  the liitle finger
               1,Krishna dwaipayanaya ye rishaya thaan rishin tharpayami
                2. Sarvaan risheen tharpayami
               3.Sarva rishi ganaan tharpayami
                4. Sarve rishi pathnis tharpayami
                 5,Sarva rishi gana pathnistharpayami
                 6. Prajapathim kanda rishim tharpayami
                 7. Somam kanda rishim tharpayami
                 8. Agnim kanda rishim tharpayami
 Put the Yagnopaveetham in normal fashion and pour water from the tips of fingers
                 9. Viswan devan kanda rishin tharpayami
                 10. Samihithir devatha upanishada tharpayami
                 11. Yagnigir devatha upanishada tharpayami
                 12.Varuneer devatha upanishada tharpayami
Put the Yagnopaveetham and pour water by towards the left
                  13. Havyavaham tharpayami
                  14.Viswaan devaan kanda rishin tharpayaami
Pour water by the bottom of the palm towards self
                  15.Brahmanam swayambhuvam tharpayami
                   16.Viswan devan kandarishin tharpayami
                   17.Arunan kandarishin tharpayami
Put the Yagnopaveetham in normal fashion and pour water from the tips of fingers
                   18.Sadasaspathim tharpayami
                    19.Rig vedam tharpayami
                    20.Yajur Vedam tharpayami 
                    21. Sama Vedam tharpayami
                    22. Atharvana Vedam tharpayami
                    23. Ithihasa puranam tharpayami
                    24. Kalpam tharpayami
14.Only those who have lost their father (others go to step 15)do Pithru tharpanam wearing the yagnopaveetham on the right shoulder pouring water between the thumb. And index finger.
                   1.Soma pithruman yamo angiraswan agni kavyavahana ithyadaya ye pithara                                     
                       thaan pithrun tharpayami,
                    2. Sarvaan pithrun tharpayami
                    3. Sarva pithru ganan tharpayami
                    4. Sarva pithru pathnistharpayami
                    5. Sarva pithru ganapanthnistharpayami
                    6.oorjam vahanthi amrutham grutham paya keelaalam parisruyatham
                        swadaastha  tharpayatha me pithrun trupyatha, trupyatha, trupyatha
                     7.Aabrahma sthambha paryantham jagat trupyathu
15.Put the yagnopaveetha in the normal fashion
                Pour water saying Om That sat Brahmarpanamasthu
      And then do aachamanam.

Appendix  II, Bodhayana  Suthra Brahma Yagnam.

Bodhayana Brahma Yagnam

( The tharpanam in Brahma Yagnam is different and extremely elaborate in Bodhayana Suthra)

1.Perform Achamanam

Take minute quantities of water(just sufficient to soak one grain of black gram) three times in the right hand and take it with the following manthra.
1.Om Achyuthaya nama 2,Om Ananthaya nama 3.Om Govindaya nama
Then
Touch with thumb both cheeks saying kesava -Narayana
Touch with ring finger both eyes saying Madhava –govinda
Touch with the first finger both sides of nose saying Vishno-Madhusoodana
Touch with little finger both ears saying Trivikrama-Vamana
Touch with the middle finger both shoulders saying Sreedhara-Hrishi kesa
Touch with all fingers the belly button saying Padmanabha
Touch with all fingers the head saying Damodara

2.Ganapathi dyanam

Recite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead with both fists together.:-
Shuklambaradharam Vishunum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,
Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.


3.Do Pranayamam.
Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and recite the following Manthra:-

Om Bhoo
Om Bhuva
Ogum Suva
Om Maha
Om Jana
Om Thapa
Ogum Sathyam
Om Tatsa vithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhi mahi dhiyo yona prachodayath
Om Apa
Jyothj rasa
Amrutham brahma
Bhoorbuvasuvarom
Touch the ears three times saying
Om, Om , Om

4.Do Sankalpam

Mamo Partha Samastha Duritha kshaya dwara Sri Parameshwara Preethyartham.
Brahma Yagnam karishye
Brahma Yagnena yakshye

Mamo Partha Samastha Duritha kshaya dwara Sri Parameshwara Preethyartham.
Brahma Yagnam karishye.Brahma yagnena yakshye.
4.Prayogam
a.Vidhyudhasi vidhya me paapmanam ruthath sathya mupaime.
Touch water .Do Achamanam three times and after first and second touch water ,clean the lips, and after the third sprinkle water on left arms and left leg. Then touch head, eyes, nose and chest.
b.Then chant
Om Bhoo, tatsa vithurvarenyam
Om Suva , Bhargo devasya dheemahi,
Ogum suva .dhiyo yona prachodayath,
OM Bhoo tatsa vithurvarenyam bhargo devasya dheemahi.
Om Bhuva , dhiyo yona prachodayath,
Ogum suva , tasa vithur varenyam bhago devasya dheemahi dhiyo yona prachodayath.

c.chants from all the four Vedas

Hari Om , Agni meele purohitham , yagnasya devam ruthvijam.Hothaaram rathna dhathamam. Hari om (Rik veda)

Hari Om , Eeshethvorje twam vayavastho payavastha , devo vassavitha prarpayathu sresta thamaya karmane.Hari om(Yajur veda)

Hari om, Agna aayahi veethaye grunano havya dhathaye ni hotha sathsi barhishi ..Hari Om (Sama veda)

Hari om., Sanno deveer abhishtaya aapo bhavanthu peethaye , sam yorabhistravanthu na.Hari om (Atharvana veda)

d. Chant “Om Bhoorbhavassuva” and rotate little water round your head

e.Chant “Satyam Thapa, Sradhayam Juhomi” with folded hands

f.Chant thrice with folded hands

“Om namo brahmane. Namasthvagnaye, , nama pruthviyai, nama oshadheebhya. Namo vache, namo vachaspathaye, namo vishnave, bruhathe karomi.

g.Chant “Vrushtirasi vruchame paapmanam rhuthaath sathya mupakam
Deva rishi-pithru tharpanam karishye

I.Deva tharpanam

Wear the Yagnopavitha over the left shoulder(Upaveethi) and do Tharpana through the tip of the fingers of right hand chanting the following manthras

1.Agni, Prajapathi , Somo Rudhra , athithir , Brahaspathi SArpaa ithyethaani prakrud dwarani daivathani sanakshtrani sa grahaani Sahorathrani samuhurthaani Tharpayami

2, Vasoomscha tharpayami

3.Pithro aarayama bhaga savithaa thwashtaa vayu indra agni ithyedhaani dakshinathwarani daivathani , sanakshthrani sa grahani sahorathrani samuhurthaani tharpayami

4. Rudramscha tharpayami

5.Mithra Indro Maha pithara AAbho viswa devaga Brahma Vishnu ithyedhani prathyagdwarani daivathani , sanakshthrani sa grahani sahorathrani samuhurthaani tharpayami

6. Aadhithyamscha Tharpayami

7.Vasavo Varuna aja ekhapath ahir puthniya Poosha aswinala yama ithyethani udagthwarani , daivathani , sanakshthrani sa grahani sahorathrani samuhurthaani tharpayami

8.Saadhyamschaschatharpayami
9.Brahmanam tharpayami
10. Prajapathim tharpayami
11. Prameshtinam tharpayami
12.Hiranya Garbham Tharpayami
13.Chathur mugam tharpayami
14. Swayambhuvam tharpayami
15. Brahma parshadaan tharpayami
16.Brahma parshadhee tharpayami
17. Agnim tharpayami
18.Vayum tharpayami
19. Varunam tharpayami
20. Somam tharpayami
21. Sooryam tharpayami
22. Chandramasam Tharpayami
23.Nakshthraani tharpayami
24.Jyo dheegumshi tharpayami
25. Sadhyojaathaam tharpayami
26.Om Bhoo purusham tharpayami
27.Om bhuva purusham tharpayami
28. Om suva purusham tharpayami
29.Om bhorbhuva suva purusham tharpayami
30. Om bhoo tharpayami
31.Om Bhuva tharpayami
32.Om Suva tharpayami
33. Om Maha tharpayami
34.Om Jana tharpayami
35.Om Thapa tharpayami
36.Ogum sathyam tharpayami
37.Bhavan devam tharpayami
38.Sarvam devam tharpayami
39.Eesanam devam tharpayami
40.Pasupathim devam tharpayami
41.Rudram devam tharpayami
42.Ugram devam tharpayami
43.Bheemam devam tharpayami
44.Mahantham devam tharpayami
45.Bhavasya devasya pathni tharpayami
46.Sarvasys devasya pathni tharpayami
47.Eesanya devasya pathni tharpayami
48.Pasupathor devasya pathni tharpayami
49.Rudrasya devasya pathni tharpayami
50.Ugrasya devasya pathni tharpayami
51.Bheemasya devasya pathni tharpayami
52.Mahatho devasya pathni tharpayami
53.Bhavasya devasya sutham tharpayami
54. Sarvasya devasya sutham tharpayami
55.EEsanya devasya sutham tharpayami
56.Pasupather devasya sutham tharpayami
57.Rudrasya devasya sutham tharpayami
58.Ugrasya devasya sutham tharpayani
59.Bheemasya devasya sutham tharpayami
60. Mahatho devasya tharpyami
61.Rudramscha tharpayami
62.Rudra parshadhaan tharpayami
63. Rudhra parshathee tharpayami
64.Sanath kumaraan tharpayami
65.Skandam tharpayami
66.Indram tharpayami
67.Shashtim tharpayami
68.Shanmugam tharpayami
69.Visagam tharpayami
70.Jayantham tharpayami
71.Mahasenam tharpayami
72.Skanda parshadhaan tharpayami
73. Skanda Parvathi stharpayami
74.Vighnam tharpayami
75.Vinayakam tharpayami
76.Veeram tharpayami
77.Sooram tharpayami
78.Varadham tharpayami
79.Hasthimukham tharpayami
80.Yeka dantham tharpayami
81. Lambhodharam tharpayami
82.Vakra thundam tharpayami
83. Ganapathim tharpayami
84.Vighna parshadhaan tharpayami
85.Vighna parshadhee tharpayami
86.Kesavam tharpayami
87.Narayanam tharpayami
88.Madhavam tharpayami
89.Madhavam tharpayami
90. Vishnum tharpayami
91. Madhu soodhanam tharpayami
92.Trivikramam tharpayami
93.Vamanam tharpayami
94.Sridharam tharpayami
95. Hrishikesam tharpayami
96.Padmanabham tharpayami
97. Damodharam tharpayami
98.Sreem devim tharpayami
99.Hreem devim tharpayami
100.Pushtim devim tharpayami
101.Vainatheyam tharpayami
102.Kalam tharpayami’
103. Neelam tharpayami
104.Mruthyum tharpayami
105.Anthakam tharpayami
106.Yamam tharpayami
107.Yama Rajam tharpayami
108.Dharmam tharpayami
109.Dharma Rajam tharpayami
110.Chithram tharpayami
111. Chithraguptham tharpayami
112. Vaivaswatham tharpayami
113. Vaivasvatha parshathaan tharpayami
114.Vaivaswatha Parshathee Tharpayami
115.Vishnum tharpayami
116.Vishnu parshathaan tharpayami
117.Vishnu parshathee tharpayami
118.Bhardwajam tharpayami
119.Gowthamam tharpayami
120. Athrim tharpayami
121. Aangeersam tharpayami
122. Vidhyaam tharpayami
123.Durgam tharpayami
124.Jyestaam tharpayami
125. Sreshtaam tharpayami
126.Danvantharim tharpayami
127. Danvanthari parshathaan tharpayami
128. Danvanthari Parshathee tharpayami

II. Rishi tharpanam

Wear the Yagnopavitha as garland(Neeveethi) and do Tharpana through left side of the palm of right hand chanting the following manthras

1.Rishims tharpayami
2.Maharishims tharpayami
3.Paramarishims tharpayami
4.Devarishims tharpayami
5.Brahma rishims tharpayami
6.Rajarishims tharpayami
7.Vaisya rishims tharpayami
8. Sutha rishis tharpayami
9.Srutharishims tharpayami
10.Jana rishims tharpayami
11.Thapa rishims tharpayami
12.Sathya rishims tharpayami
13.Kanda rishims tharpayami
14.Rishigams tharpayami
15.Rishi pathnis tharpayami
16. Rishi puthrams tharpayami
17.Rishi pouthrams tharpayami
18.Kanvam bhodhayanam tharpayami
19. Apasthambam suthrakaram tharpayami
20.SAthyashadam Hiranya kesinam tharpayami
21.Vajapeyinam Yagna valkyam tharpayami
22.Aswalayanam sounakam tharpayami
23. Vyasam tharpayami
24.Vasishtam tharpayami
25. Pranavam tharpayami
26.Vyahruthee tharpayami
27.Savithrim tharpayami
28.Gayathrim tharpayami
29. Chandamsi tharpayami
30. Sadasaspathim tharpayami
31. Rigvedam tharpayami
32.Yajur vedam tharpayami
33.Samavedam tharpayami
34.Atharvana vedam tharpayami
35. Atharvangeerasam tharpayami
36.Ithihasa puranani tharpayami
37.Sarva deva janaa tharpayami
38.Sarva bhoothani tharpayami

III.Pithru tharpanam

Wear the Yagnopavitha over the right shoulder(Pracheena veethi) and do Tharpana through the right side of the palm right hand chanting the following manthras.
(People whose father is alive should not do this part of the tharpanam.)

1.Pithru Swadha nama tharpatami
2.Pithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
3.Pithrupithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
4.Mathru swadha nama tharpayami
5.Pithamahi swadha namas tharpayami
6.Prapithamahi Swadha namas tharpayami
7.Matha mahan swadha namas tharpayami
8.Mathu pithamahan Swadha namas tharpayami
9.Mathu prapithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
10.Mathamahi Swadha namas tharpayami
11.Mathu pithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
12.Mathu prapithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
13.Aacharyan swadha namas tharpayami
14.Aacharya pathni Swadha namas tharpayami
15.Aacarya pathni swadha namas tharpayami
16.Guroon Swadha namas tharpayami
17.Guru pathni Swadha namas tharpayami
18.Sakheen Swadha namas tharpayami
19. Sakhi pathni swadhadha namas tharpayami
20. Jnatheen Swadha namas tharpayami
21.Jnathi pathni Swadha namas tharpayami
22.Amathyaan Swadha namas tharpayami
23. Amathya pathni Swadha namas tharpayami
24. Sarvaan Swadha namas tharpayami
25.Sarvaa Swadha namas tharpayami

Do Tharpanam with water chanting

Oorjam vahanthi Amrutham krutham Madhu paya keelaalam parisrutham swadhamstha tharpayathe , pithroon thrupyatha, thrupyatha , thrupyatha



Wear the Yagnopavitha over the left shoulder(Upaveethi) and do Aachamanam

Thus ends Brahma Yagna.
Brahma yagnam(sacrifice to Brahma) is the oblation offered to satisfy Devas, Rishis(sages) and Pithrus(ancestors). It is supposed to be performed daily after Madhyannikam, But nowadays it is done mainly on avani avittam days.





* Taken from book on Sandhya Vandhana Bhashyam published by Ramakrishna mutt. Mylapore, Chennai, and Yajur upa karma prayoga published by R.S.Vadhyar , Kalapathy. Transliteration done by P.R.Ramachander