Thursday, June 9, 2016

Achamanam- procedure of purification



Achamanam- procedure  of purification.

Compiled  by

P.R.Ramachander

   I am not a vedic Scholar nor I have  been able to read  the book  on Achamanam  written by  the great Vedic Scholar   Sri Sharma  Sastrigal. Yesterday  I decided   to collect   some information   and write a  small essay  on it. The Samkshepa Dharma Sastra published  as per the orders of Maha Periyavaa  and
The Wikipedia  on Achamanam  (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achamana )  are my main sources  of information. I humbly  express my acknowledgements and gratefulness   to these sources. There is a video  of the Achamana procedure  recommended by  ISCKON  (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ELkEHRnIFTg )  and another video again from Vaishnavite source with very detailed procedure  of Achamanam (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bU2RWGmzhv0  and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CGYnWiNW2NA )

          Right  from the day  I started  doing Achamanam , there  was a great  doubt  in my mind . While doing Achamanam, we use  names  of Lord Krishna  , who is not even mentioned  in the Vedas . So I felt that  Achamana  is not a Vedic rite. My  doubt was  cleared yesterday when I came   to know   that  there  are more than one  Achamana  sampradhaya –one which is Vedic and another called  Pauranic.  We have all been  doing the Pauranic  Achamana    and  not the Vedic one. It is interesting to note that Lord  Rama   before chanting  Adhithya  Hrudaya did Achamana  thrice   and after the  Japa he killed  Ravana. (This Achamana  would not be   the one we are doing as  Lord Krishna  was not known during those  times) Not being a  Vedic Scholar  nor  one who is an expert  on Brahmin   rituals  , I had to  depend on what  others   have   said about  it.

The Samkshepa  Dharma Sastra  , a summary   of rituals  of Brahmins  has one chapter  on Achamanas.I am reproducing here that chapter as translated by me:-

 Achamana Vidhi:-
(Rules for inner cleaning)

1,Vyasa:-
Wash your hands and legs and face , keep the sacred thread in normal position, and keeping both hands in between the knees , we have to do Achamana. Then we have to clean the teeth.
Make your right hand in the shape of the ear of the cow , and take water three times, Then wipe your lips twice.
Keeping the thumb and little finger open and folding the other three fingers , you have to drink the water, This is called the Achamana method.,
Every time you have to take water sufficient to drown a single grain of black gram.

2.Manu:-
Achamana should be done using Brahma theertha which is not hot , facing east or north . For getting clean we should bathe in water reaching up to the chest in case of Brahmins, reaching up to the neck in case of Kshatriyas, reaching up to the mouth in case of Vysyas and reaching up to the bottom of the mouth in case of Shudhras and ladies .

3.Mareechi:-
Achamana should not be done standing or firmly sitting or with hands held outside the knees. Immediately after meals Achamana can be done sitting firmly on the earth. You should not Achamaneeyam with upper cloth worn on one side of the body or with cloth hiding the shoulders. It should also not be done without sacred thread, wearing dirty cloths and not tying the hair. All activities following such wrong Achamana need to be repeated again. If Achamanas are done facing south or west , then we need to take bath again and do Achamanam again.

4.Yama:-
While doing Achamana we have to touch water (pot or river) with the left hand. This is because in the left hand live the twelve Adithyas as well as Varuna the lord of water,
Water in the Bronze vessel, copper vessel and silver vessel is always pure. So you have to hold the Udharani ( ceremonial spoon) and take the water from the vessel and pour it in the right hand and do Achamana. Taking it directly by the left hand is considered equivalent to drinking of Alcohol.

5.Manu:-
Brahman should always do Achamana using Brahma Theertha , He can also do it using Rishi theertha and Deva theertha but he should never do it using Pithru theertha.
This classification is based on where we hold the water in the right hand. If we hold it just below the thumb it is Brahma Theertha. If it is held just below the little finger it is Rishi Theertha and at the edge of four fingers , then it is Deva theertha. If it is held between the thumb and the first finger , it is called Pithru Theertha.

6.Sounaka:-
The water has to be taken after washing the hand and legs. The water that we see clearly should be used. The water which can just drown a black gram should be taken and it is sufficient if it reaches up to the chest.
After the Achamana, we have to close our lips and wipe the mouth by the base of the thumb twice. Then we have to touch the mouth by all fingers held together.
It is said after this all organs should be touched by the fingers. We drink the water saying Achyuthaya Nama, Anathaya Nama and Kesavaya Nama and touch the organs using fingers chanting the 12 names of Vishnu. This method has been taught by our elders. We should touch our eyes using thumb and first finger, touch the nose using the thumb and the third finger, touch the ears with thumb and the little finger, touch the shoulders using the thumb and the second finger, touch the belly button using the thumb , touch the chest using three fingers and touch the head with all fingers. There can be differences in this rules. The family tradition has to be followed.
Achamana can be performed standing in water but should not be done in water if the depth of water is below our knees.

7,Samvartha:-
Achamana must be performed after bath , after taking food , after drinking fluids, after sneezing and after sleep.
If during chanting of mantra, we happen to see anything dirty, Achamana should be performed and chanting recommenced.

8.Parasara:-
Manu and Parasara are of the opinion that the sacred waters of Prabhasa, the ganges , Sun, Varuna , Chandra, Fire and wind are always in the right ear of a Brahmin.
If we are not able to do Achamana, or if we are not able to get water for Achamana when we have to do Achamana , we need only to touch our right ear. This is equivalent to Achamana. During meals, Homa, taking of alms , eating , or giving of alms, we need to perform Achamana twice.

9.Markandeya:-
After eating mango , sugar cane piece , betel leaf and Soma Pana, there is no need to do Achamana. After taking the Vishnu Pada Theertha also Achamana should not be performed. You should not wash your hand in this case.

1.Achamana the ritual
      Achamana  is a ritual prescribed   for inner purification of persons . It consists  of taking  very minute  quantity of water  in the Brahma Granthi  of the right hand  , and swallowing it three  times chanting  a prayer  .Once  this taking of water  is over , then different specified  parts  of the  body above   the waist   are   touched by  prescribed fingers.

2.Place  and posture
    Achamana should always  be performed  sitting on the  clean ground . The posture  unlike other rituals  is not on the lotus pose  but Kukkuta (cock pose) , i.e  sitting down  on the  soles of the feet .It is done always facing  the north   or east., The hands of   the person doing it should  be in between his knees. The water   taken in the hand should be pure, should not be hot nor scented and should not have   been touched  by hands. The right hand should be kept in such a way   that  forefinger  , middle finger  and  ring finger   are together   and slightly bent upwards. The little finger and thumb should be separated from these  three  fingers. Using the sacrificial spoon  (Udharani)   water should be taken by the   left hand and poured  in the right hand. The water  thus poured should be held just  below the thumb.

3.Quantity of water
       It is prescribed that   we should take a  very small  quantity of water , just sufficient  to drown  a black gram. Water   should never be sipped  but always   swallowed.

4,Procedure
       There   are two main types  of Achamanam- Sroutha(based on Sruthi)   and Pouranika  (Based  on Puranas).Pauranika   Achamanam   is also called  smartha achamana.

a.Pauranika Aachamanam

       This is the most popular  Achamanam  among Tamil Brahmins

Take   water   as described  above , swallow   it  three  times after saying  the following:-

1.Achyutaya Namaha (In the Name of the Innumerable Lord)
2,Anantaya Namaha (In the Name of the Infinite Lord)
3.Govindaya Namaha (In the name of Lord Govinda)
 
After  that  say  the following 12 names of the Lord  and touch  places mentioned  by  using the fingers  mentioned

1.Keshavaya Namaha - Thumb to touch the right cheek
2.Narayanaya Namaha - Thumb, left cheek
3.Madhavaya Namaha - Ring finger, right eye
4.Govindaya Namaha - Ring finger, left eye
5.Vishnave Namaha - Index finger, left side of the nose
6.Madhusudhanaya Namaha - Index finger, right side of the nose
7.Trivikramaya Namaha - little finger, right ear
8.Vamanaya Namaha - little finger, left ear
9.Shridharaya Namaha - third (middle) finger, right shoulder
10.Hrishikeshaya Namaha - third finger, left shoulder
11.Padmanabhaya Namaha - four fingers (hand with thumb folded inwards), navel
12.Damodaraya Namaha - four fingers, head.

     Note:- While doing Achamana we have to touch water (pot or river) with the left hand. This is because in the left hand live the twelve Adithyas as well as Varuna the lord of water,
  (Note all the  God’s names are those  of Lord Vishnu  or Lord Krishna . There are no names  of any other  Avathara of Vishnu  including Sri Rama . As the thumb and the mouth are the seats of fire,, the name ( Kesava) and(Narayana) are uttered with the thumb touching the right and left cheeksrespectively. The second finger and the eyes are regarded as the seats of the sun and so with the second finger the right and left eyes are touched, repeating the names (Madhava) and (Govinda).  The forefinger and the nose, being considered as seats of Vayu (Wind) the right and left parts of the nose are touched by the forefinger with the names (Vishnu) and(Madhusoodana) being repeated respectively.  The little finger and the ears are seats of Indra and hence by the little finger the right and left ears are touched uttering the names (Trivikrama) and(Vamana) respectively. )


 Some people  follow 12  more names  of the God
1.Sankarshanaya namaha
2.Vasudevaya namaha
3.Pradyumnaya namaha
4.Anirudhaya namaha
5.Purushothamaya namaha
6.Adhokshajaya namaha
7.Narasimhaya namaha
8.Achyutaya namaha
9.Janardanaya namaha
10.Upendraya namaha
11.Hariye namaha
12.Sri krishnaya namaha
   (It is believed that  these  24 names   are the most important names  of  Vishnu  SAhasranama)
b. Pauranika  Achamanam-Type II –I found it in a Telugu  web site)

Swallow water  as mentioned before chanting  :-
Om Kesavaaya Swaaha
Om Naarayanaaya Swaaha
Om Madavaaya Swaaha

This  should be  followed by cleansing your hand with little water uttering "Om Govindaaya Namaha"

This is followed by repeating the  following names   , doing the acts  indicated.
Govindaya Namaha
Vishnave Namaha
(Both the hands are washed)
Madhusudhanaya Namaha
Thrivikramaya Namaha
(Both the upper and lower lips are touched with the right hand fingers)

Vamanaya Namaha
Sridharaya Namaha
(Left and right cheeks are touched)

Hrusheekesaya Namaha (Hands are touched)
Padmanabhaya Namaha (Sprinkle water on the feet)
Damodaraya Namaha (Centre of the head is touched with middle finger)
Sankarshanaya Namaha (Edge of the nose is touched with the fist)
Vasudevaya Namaha
Pradhyumnaya Namaha
(Left and right nostrils are touched)
Aniruddhaya Namaha
Purushothamaya Namaha
(Right and left eyes are touched)
Adhokshajaya Namaha
Narasimhaya Namaha
(Right and left ears are touched)
Achyutaya Namaha (Navel portion is touched)
Janardhanaya Namaha (Chest is touched)
Upendraya Namaha (Head is touched)
Hariye Namaha
Sri Krishnaya Namaha (Right and left shoulders are touched)

c.Sroutha(smrithi )  Achamana
Here the water is swallowed by chanting 
1.Tát savitúr váreṇyaṃ
2.Bhárgo devásya dhīmahi
3.Dhíyo yó naḥ pracodáyāt
   There are three  parts of the Gayathri manthra. I could not get any more  information   about this form of Achamana   except that  when doing  Brahma Yagna  , this form of Achamanam  is preferable.
d. Shortcut in  circumstances  where water is not available?
There is one more type of Aachamanam in vogue. It often happens that though we need to purify ourselves through Aachamanam, no water is available at the time and place. In such situations, the scripts prescribes an easy method of purification, that of touching the tip of the nose and then the right ear, uttering the Pranava mantra. It is based on the Scriptural texts, which says that Agni resides in the Brahmana’s nose tip and holy rivers like the Ganga in his right ear. Hence touching these two purifies a person immediately. We would have observed our elders reciting names of God (Krishna, Govinda etc.) whenever they sneeze or yawn. Perhaps this is with respect to the above principle. It is to be noted that this short cut is to be adopted only when performing the regular Aachamanam is not possible.
5.When to perform Aachamana
   No ritual not preceded by   aachamanam gives useful results.. It is said “Anachamyakritham yachha yachha sankalpa varjitham, rakshasam thatbhaveth.” Meaning   “Any ritual not preceded by  Aachamanam or SAnkalpa  becomes only an act of Rakshasa”

a.As a preliminary to all nitya and naimittika karmas (daily and occasional rituals) like b.Sandhyavandanam, Brahmayagyam, Vedadhyayanam, Pitrutarpanam Mantra japam etc.
c.Immediately after waking up in the morning
d.After urination and other forms of excretion
e,After brushing one’s teeth
f.Before and after a bath
g.After wearing clothes
h.Before and after a meal
i.Speaking with or touching unsuitable persons, after telling a lie
j.Before and after giving or accepting alms or donation
k.After sneezing, shedding tears or blood
l.Upon physical contact with women
m.Before and after crossing a river
n. If during chanting of mantra, we happen to see anything dirty, Achamana should be performed and chanting recommenced.
o.During meals, Homa, taking of alms , eating , or giving of alms, we need to perform Achamana twice.



6.When not to do Achamanam
Aachamanam is not to be done immediately after taking prasadam or sipping theertha as these are holy and pure and the symbolic act of purifying oneself through aachamanam insults their holiness. After eating mango , sugar cane piece , betel leaf and Soma Pana, there is no need to do Achamana. After taking the Vishnu Pada Theertha also Achamana should not be performed. You should not wash your hand in this case.
7.How not to do Aachamana?

a.Achamana should not be done standing or firmly sitting or with hands held outside the knees. Immediately after meals Achamana can be done sitting firmly on the earth. You should not Achamaneeyam with upper cloth worn on one side of the body or with cloth hiding the shoulders. It should also not be done without sacred thread, wearing dirty cloths and not tying the hair. All activities following such wrong Achamana need to be repeated again. If Achamanas are done facing south or west , then we need to take bath again and do Achamanam again

b.Aachamanam is not to be done in a standing position (exception: one may perform aachamana while standing if one is in water which is above the knees but below the navel)

c.Aachamanam is not to be done facing the west or the south, but always facing the east or the north.

c.Aachamanam should not be done with impure or falling water, as from a tap or rain, but usually with water from a river or tank, or from a vessel held in the left hand. When doing this in a river or tank, the left hand should be touching the water.

d.It should not be performed casually, while speaking to others, wearing a shirt or footwear, with a covered head, with laughter etc., but with devotion, and with the consciousness that one is uttering the holy names of the Almighty, which purify and protect.

e.Aachamanam should not be done while wearing a Pavithram. While performing an aachamanam, the pavithram should be kept in the gap between the right ear lobe and the head. This is perhaps meant to avoid the sharp ends of the pavithram hurting the eyes
8.Some important  information  about  Aachamana
a.A Brahmin becomes purified by  Aachamana  when the water swallowed reaches  the heart, A kshatriya  when it reaches the throat  , a Vaishya when it reaches the palate  and a Shudhra  or a lady when it touches   their lips.




Friday, April 1, 2016

Tharpana Sankalpams for the year 2016-2017(Durmukhi Varsham)

Tharpana Sankalpams for the year 2016-2017(Durmukhi   Varsham)


Compiled by
P.R.Ramachander



(I have followed the details given in the Acharyal Madathu Panchangam. I have also given the time of change of Thithi and Nakshatra  so that people who are living abroad can also use it correctly.  Amavasva Tharpanams are supposed to be done after Madhyahneekam but  in  practice people do it in the early morning and go to office. Let such people also see  if there is a change in  Thidhi and Dasa. As soon I get information  about the k list of Bodhayna  Amavasya   I would modify this list and include  them.. I have been  putting this information  every year for the past 15   years. I know that many more people are compiling such lists and are also putting it nowadays.  I know that  my compilation is not that necessary now but am putting it by force of habit. I am already 76. I know about 21 thousand people   used the information contained  here during 2015-2016 by directly visiting this  blog. After  I posted this blog Sri Anantha Kalayana  Krishnan, Tattamangalam pointed out certain   typographical errors. I have corrected them. Thanks sir, May God bless you.)


13-4-2016  Chaithra ravi  vishu punya kala(the new year starts at  7.46 PM IST )

   Manmatha  nama samvathsare ,utharayane , Sisira rithou, Meena     mase , Shukla    pakshe, adhya  Sapthamyam   punya thidhou , Budha (Soumya)  vasara yukthayam, Arudhra nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Sapthmyam     punya thidhou, Chaithra  Vishnu  punyakale, Mesha Ravi Sankramana  sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye
(Sapthami  is up to 9.43  PM   IST on that day (afterwards Ashtami   ) and Arudhra   Nakshtra   is up to 2.23 Pm  IST  (afterwards Punarvasu ))

6-5-2016   Sarva Amavasya

   Durmukhi nama samvathsare ,utharayane , vasantha rithou, Mesha   mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Amavasyam     punya thidhou , Brugu(Shukra)   vasara yukthayam, Aswathi  nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Amavasyam    punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(Amavasya  up to 1.01 Am that night  IST, Aswathi  up to  10.23  , afterwards Apabharani )

4-6-2016 Sarva Amavasya

   Durmukhi nama samvathsare ,utharayane , vasantha rithou, Rishabha   mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Chathurdasyam    punya thidhou , Sthira   vasara yukthayam, Kruthika  nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Chathrdasyam   punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

( Chathurdasi  is up to 11.51  Am   (afterwards Amavasys ) and Kruthika  up to  3.05  Pm   and afterwards Rohini)

3-7-2016    Bodhayana  Amavasya

   Durmukhi  nama samvathsare ,utharayane , Greeshma  rithou, Mithuna    mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Chathurdasyam   punya thidhou , Bhanu  vasara yukthayam, Mruga seersha  nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Chathurdasyam   punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye
(Chathurdasi is up to  6.54  PM IST  (afterwards  Amavasya  and Mruga seersha  Nakshatram is up to  8.06 PM    and afterwards   Arudra Nakshatram)

4-7-2016    Sarva   Amavasya

   Durmukhi  nama samvathsare ,utharayane , Greeshma  rithou, Mithuna    mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Amavasya  punya thidhou , Indhu   vasara yukthayam, Arudhra   nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Amavasya   punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye
(Amavasya  is up to  4.32 PM IST  (afterwards  Prathama )   and Arudhra   Nakshatram is up to   6.33  PM    and afterwards   Punarvasu  Nakshatram)

16-7-2016   Kadaka  Ravi Sankramanam (Dakshinayana  punya Kalam)

   Dur mukhinama samvathsare ,utharayane , Greeshma  rithou, Mithuna    mase , Shukla   pakshe, adhya Dwadasyam    punya thidhou , Sthira  vasara yukthayam, Anuradha  nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Dwadasyam  punya thidhou,  DAkshinayana   Samanjasa  Kadaka ravi    punyakale, sankramana sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye
(dwadasi is up to 3.33 Am  that night (Afterwards  Thrayodasi )  And Anuradha  Nakshshatra    is up to 11.57  Am  that day  and Jyeshta  Nakshatra    Afterwards )

2-8-2016  Sarva  Amavasya

  Durmukhinama samvathsare ,dakshinayane , greeshma rithou, kadaga  mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya amavasyam  punya thidhou , Mangala (Bhauma)   vasara yukthayam, Pushya  nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam amavasyam  punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(Amavasya upto   2.15 Am next  morning    (afterwards Prathama ) and Pushya  Nakshtra   up to  1.53 Am next day   and ASlesha   nakshatra  afterwards.)


31-8-2016  Bodhayana Amavasya

    Durmukhinama samvathsare ,dakshinayane , varsha  rithou, simha  mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Chathurdasyam       punya thidhou , Budha (Saumya)    vasara yukthayam, ASlesha   nakshatra yukthayam,  shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Amavasyam   punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(Chathurdasyam   up to  2,04   (Afterwards Prathama ) , ASlesha   up to 9,49 AM  that day  and Makha  Nakshatra after that.)
Note:There are  lunar eclipse   on 18-8-2016, Solar   eclipse  on 1-9-2016   and Lunar eclipse  on 16-9-2016   which would  not be visible in India  . If you are in a country where  it is visible  communicate    with me  (ramachander926 at  gmail dot com   to get the corrected   manthras.
1-9-2016  SarvaAmavasya

    Durmukhinama samvathsare ,dakshinayane , varsha  rithou, simha  mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Amavasya      punya thidhou , guru     vasara yukthayam, Makha   nakshatra yukthayam,  shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Amavasyam   punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(amavasya up to  2.34 Pm  afterwards  Prathama, Makha Nakshatra  up to 10.53 Am   afterwards Poorva Phalguni )


30-9-2016   Sarva  Amavasya (Mahalaya  Amavasya) 

     Durmukhinama samvathsare ,dakshinayane , varsha   rithou, kanya   mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya amavasyam    punya thidhou , Shukra  (Brugu)   vasara yukthayam, Uthara phalguni    nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Amavasyam  punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(Amavasya up to  5.42 AM, next morning    (afterwards Prathama) and Uthara  Phalgini   nakshatra  up to 9,27  that night (Afterwards Hastha  Nakshatra )

17-10-2016  Thula ravi Sankramanam

     Durmukhinama samvathsare ,dakshinayane , Varsha   rithou, Thula mase , Krishna  pakshe, Dwithiyaam   punya thidhou , Soma (Indhu)  vasara yukthayam,  Apabhani /Aswathi   nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Dwitheeyaam      punya thidhou, thula ravi   punyakale, thula ravi sankramana sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(Dwitheeya   up to 2.25   am  next morning     (afterwards Tritheeya  )and Apa Bharani   up to  5.31  Am afterwards Aswathi   up to 8.37 Am next day morning )

30-10-2016  Sarva Amavasya

        Dur mukhinama samvathsare ,dakshinayane , sharad   rithou, thula  mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Amavasyam      punya thidhou ,BHanu   vasara yukthayam, Chithra  nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubha Karana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam amavasyam  punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(Amavasya  up to  11.08 PM  (Afterwards Prathama ) and  Chithra  up  to 0.03  Am that day   that day  and then Swathi )

29-11-2016  Sarva  Amavasya

          Dur mukhinama samvathsare ,dakshinayane , Sharad  rithou, Vruschiga   mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Amavasyam  punya thidhou , Mangala  (Bhauma)  vasara yukthayam, Anuradha   nakshatra yukthayam upshubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Amavasya  punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye
(Amavasya  up to  5.49 PM  (Afterwards Prathama ) and  Anuradha   up  to 11.56  that day   that day  and then Jyeshta )


28-12-2016  Sarva  Amavasya

         Dur mukhinama samvathsare ,Dakshinayane , hemantha  rithou, dhanur   mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Chathurdasyam   punya thidhou , budha(Saumya)   vasara yukthayam, Jyeshta  nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam CHathurdasyam  punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(Chathurdasi  up to 10.38  Am  (Afterwards Amavasya   ) and Jyeshta   Nakshtra up to 9.02  AM   on that day (Afterwards Moola Nakshatra)


14-1-2017 Uthrayana Punya kalam/Makara  Ravi sankaramanam

               Durmukhinama samvathsare ,Uttaraayane  , hemantha  rithou, Makara  mase , Krishna  pakshe, Dwitheeyayam      punya thidhou , Sthira   vasara yukthayam, Asresha   nakshatra yukthayam   , shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Dwitheeyaam   punya thidhou, utharayana  punyakale,  Utharayana  Samjaka makara  ravi sankramana  sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(Dwitheeya  up to   12.58  Pm  (Tritheeya   afterwards  ) and  Asresha  up to 10.56 P<  that night    and  then Makha  Nakshatra)  .


27-1-2017  Srava    Amavasya

          Durmukhinama samvathsare ,Utharayane , hemantha   rithou, makara   mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya amavasyam  punya thidhou , Shukra (brugu)      vasara yukthayam, Uthrashada   nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam amavasyam  punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(Amavasya up till 5.38 Am next morning   (Prathama afterwards) and Uthrashada    Nakshtra up to  9.50 PM (afterwards Sravana))


26-2-2017   Sarva  Amavasya

          Durmukhinama samvathsare ,Utharayane , Shishira  rithou, khumba    mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Amavasyam    punya thidhou , Bhanu    vasara yukthayam, SAthabishak     nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Amavasyam    punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(Amavasya  up to  8.29  PM  (afterwards Prathama) and  Sathabishak  Nakshtra up to  12.01  Am  next morning (afterwards Poorva proshtapada Nakshtra)
There  is a  solar   eclipse   0n 26-2-2017  which is not visible in India . If in the country where you are k living    Solar eclipse   is visible on that day   contact ramachander926   at gmail dot com     for Manthras .


27-3-2017 Sarva   Amavasya

          Durmukhinama samvathsare ,Utharayane , Shishira  rithou, meena     mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Chathurdasyam  punya thidhou , Soma (Indhu)   vasara yukthayam, Poorva proshtapada  nakshatra   yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Chathursayam  punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(Chathurdasi   up to 11.20 Am, Amavasya    up to 5.37 Am next morning   (afterwards Prathama) and  Poorva Bhadra   up to  3.21  PM   that  day and afterwards  Uthara   Proshta  pada  Nakshtra)

13-4-2016  Chaithra ravi  vishu punya kala(the new year Hemalamba    starts at  1.29  Am )

14-4-2017  Chaithra  Vishu  Punya  kala

       Hemalamba samvathsare ,Utharayane , vasantha  rithou, mesha     mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Tritheeyaam  punya thidhou , Bhrugu  vasara yukthayam, Vishaka  nakshatra   yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Tritheeyaam   punya thidhou, Chaithra  Vishu  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye


(Tritheeya   up to 5.25 Pm  and afterwards  Chathurthi , Vishaka   up to 10.47 Am   and later  Anuradha.)

Tuesday, March 8, 2016

Karadayan Nombu 2016

Karadayan Nombu 2016 

One of my friends on the face  book  wanted me to give  the correct time   to observe Karadayan Nombu .She wanted to give it early   so that  the  confusion   among people (especially among Kerala Brahmins)   as to the correct time may be removed. I am only writing   what I know  but the ultimate  authority  on this for every family  is  their  family priest  and not anyone else  .

Karadayan Nombu or Savithri  vrutham
Compiled  by 
P.R.Ramachander
    This is a  very important festival  observed  by Ladies of Tamil Nadu    on the day when masi(kumbham)  ends and  Panguni (meenam )   begins. This pooja  is observed  to commemorate  the day when  SAthi   Savithri   went after  Yama the God of death  to get back   the soul of her  husband  Sathyavan and is observed  by ladies   for granting  a longer life span  to her husband. (or future  husband)
      This year  The Nombu falls on  March 14th  .Most of the  Panchangams on line and those   available   with me  indicate  that  the new month begins at around 11.18  Am. Some panchangams  have suggested  that the proper Muhurtha  to observe  the offering  of Adai to Lord Yama   and tying the Yellow Charadu  is  at that time. But March 14th is a Monday and   there  is Yama Khandam   between 10.30  to 12 Noon.  So some of the Panchangams   are of the opinion that    it should be observed  between 10 Am   and 10.30 Am. (there is a well known saying that  “Masi Charadu Pasi padarum”  meaning that  the charadu   tied  in  the Masi month would last for a very long long time.)
    While wearing the Charadu   and offering the Adai  and butter  to the Gods Ladies  chant
"Urugaada Vennaiyum Oaradaiyum Naan Tharuven
Orukaalum En Kanavar Ennai Piriyadirukkanum"

“I would offer you butter that  has not melted  and one Adai,
And so   never at any time   my husband  should not part from me”

  There is also  a great prayer   supposed to have been  used by Sathi Savithri  to pray to lord Yama  (http://stotrarathna.blogspot.in/2016/01/prayer-for-absence-from-widow-hood.html ).  They can also chant that


However  the month of Panguni begins in different places of the world   at different times:-
In United States it is on March 13th night  . Australia Time is on March 14 at 3:48 PM. Singapore and Malaysia Time is 1:48 PM on March 14. Karadayan Nonbu is observed at the particular time when the Tamil month Masi ends and Tamil month Panguni begins.
The USA timings are - Panguni Masam begins at 12:48 AM on March 14, 2016 Eastern Standard Time in USA
begins at 11:48 PM on March 13, 2016 Central Standard Time in USA
begins at 9:48 PM on March 13, 2016 Pacific Standard Time in USA
begins at  10:48 PM  on March 13, 2016 Mountain Standard Time in USA
Please note that the exact time of Masi (kumbam) ending and Panguni (meenam) starting varies from country to country. So the apt and ideal choice is to consult your temple priest or check with elders or refer your regional Panchangam. The above time is based on Indian calendars and Panchangam.
      Unlike India there  is no Yama Gandam    at  any of these places  . So the ceremony can be observed at the time when Panguni month  begins.If the month begins   at night after   11 or 12 PM,   the ceremony can be observed  around 10 PM

 (Acknowledgements  ttp://www.hindu-blog.com/2010/03/karadaiyan-nonbu-2010-time-fast-break.html  )

  It is believed that when Sathi  Savithri    was Following Yama  , there was a stage , when she needed   to worship him with an offering. In the forest and mountain through which she was following , she could only make an extremely simple dish .Nowadays   Two types of Adais  one  sweet and another  salt are prepared . There   are very large number of web sites  giving recipe   to these Adais  . Some of them are 
 And so on  ,But  every house wife of the last generation were  an expert  in this   dish. If they are not available for consultation, then only   use these  recipes.
        May God bless  you and your husband   with long life spans so that  you  both can   serve the world in a better way

 Pasyema Saradha : Satham , JeeeEma Saradha: Satham ,
 Nandhama Saradha: Satham , Modhama Saradha: Satham ,

May you both see    hundred   autumns  , May you both  live for hundred autumns,
May you  be both be happy for hundred autumns, May you  both enjoy the bliss   for hundred autumns,



Monday, March 7, 2016

Tomorrow’s (9/3/2016) Solar eclipse-some notes including Tharpana Manthra

Tomorrow’s (9/3/2016) Solar eclipse-some notes including Tharpana Manthra

Compiled by
P.R.Ramachander

There is a solar eclipse which is visible in India tomorrow. This is not visible in most of western part of North India .Even in other parts, in many cases   the solar eclipse   gets over   before Sun rise.  The Solar eclipse Tharpana has to be done after taking bath   as soon as   the solar eclipse   starts . The Sankalpa manthra for tomorrow is
9.3.16        Solar eclipse
  Manmatha nama samvathsare ,Utharayane , Shishira  rithou, khumba    mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Amavasyam    punya thidhou , Soumya  vasara yukthayam, Poorva proshtapada    nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Amavasyam   punya thidhou,  Sooryoparaga  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye  
(Amavasya up to  7.25 Am afterwards Prathama and Poorva   proshtapada   up to  9.3 PM  and later Uthara Proshta Pada)
   The eclipse is visible in many of the far eastern countries and Alaska of  United states, north and eastern Australia  only .People are requested   to either see on line or   consult local authorities   for time of visibility  of the eclipse in  their place and Adjust the Nakshatra   and thidhi accordingly. The time of onset and release of the eclipse visibility  in various places in India   is given below.

City
Duration
Eclipse Start
Eclipse End
07 Mins 08 Secs
06:37:22
06:44:30
19 Mins 18 Secs
06:28:34
06:47:53
16 Mins 53 Secs
06:30:40
06:47:33
28 Mins 01 Sec
06:20:00
06:48:02
59 Mins 36 Secs
05:50:42
06:50:18
01 Hour 12 Mins 18 Secs
05:38:25
06:50:43
20 Mins 18 Secs
06:27:17
06:47:36
49 Mins 34 Secs
06:00:04
06:49:39
07 Mins 37 Secs
06:36:55
06:44:32
06 Mins 34 Secs
06:38:04
06:44:38
23 Mins 53 Secs
06:21:58
06:45:51
12 Mins 11 Secs
06:34:47
06:46:58
06 Mins 12 Secs
06:40:52
06:47:04
05 Mins 40 Secs
06:41:17
06:46:58
13 Mins 14 Secs
06:32:41
06:45:55
11 Mins 45 Secs
06:35:13
06:46:59
14 Mins 36 Secs
06:32:36
06:47:13
33 Mins 57 Secs
06:13:06
06:47:04
No Eclipse
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No Eclipse
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No Eclipse
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No Eclipse
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No Eclipse
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No Eclipse
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No Eclipse
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No Eclipse
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No Eclipse
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No Eclipse
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No Eclipse
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These  are some of the   cusoms observed  by  Hindus   during the eclipse:-
A women in periods should take the eclipse bath from water which is poured on her by others.

During eclipse all waters are equivalent to Ganges water and all Brahmins are equivalent to Vasishta.

Till the end of eclipse we should not sleep but keep on chanting mantras.

Pregnant women should not come out during eclipse.

If any left over food is there prepared before eclipse, it should not be eaten. Food should be freshly prepared after eclipse is over.

In case of curd or pickles , we have to put cut Durbha grass in them ,After the purifying  bath, this Durbha should be removed.

The charity given and meditation done, during the eclipse would give us huge benefits.

Tharpana should be done once the eclipse starts in Solar eclipse and when it is leaving in case of lunar eclipse. Both Tharpanas should be done only in Krishna Paksha.

Tharpana can be done in sea water but Aachamana should not be done . Water taken from home after bath should be used for Aachamana.

Those in whose Nakshatra  or Anu Janma Nakshatra , the eclipse occurs*, should write the following sloka in a palm leaf and tie it to their forehead. After the eclipse this palm leaf should be removed. Then they should give in charity one Ash gourd, coconut and coin to a Brahmin.

Solar eclipse sloka:-
Indro , analo  danda darasha  ruksha prachedhaso Vayu,
Khubera  , eesaa  , majjanma  , rukshe  mama raahisamsthe,
Arkoparagam   shamayanthu may.


*The stars affected this time are Punarpoosam(Punartham/punarvasu), Visagam, Pororattathi, Chadayam  and Uthrattathi