Friday, January 4, 2019

The Hiranya sradha that I performed in USA


The Hiranya  sradha  that  I performed in USA

By
P.R.Ramachander



I had to perform a Sradha  a few  days back in USA. I approached  a near by temple. They had put  on their  notice board that  charges  for performing  Hiranya  Sradha  was $51. They had also mentioned  that Acharya  SAmbhavanai  is up  to us. We  contacted  the temple  and paid  $ 51. 
      In india   we used to pay  Dakshina  for the priest (around  2000rs) .Two  priests  used to come  and  apart from DAkshina   we used to give  the priest  a small  amount of rice and one  raw Banana.The sradha  used to start  with permission given by my wife .
       IN  the place  where  we  are staying in USA, to my great  surprise   the  priest  informed  us top bring 
Pooja materials:
Rice             10 lb
Toor Dal      03 lb   
Chana Dal   03 lb
Urad Dal      03 lb
5 types of fresh vegetables
Each 1 lb
Sesame seeds black
Mustard seeds black
Methi seeds
Cumins seeds
Asafoetida
Tamarind
Red chilli
Betel leaves
Betel nuts
Flower one bunch
Quarter coins 40
Tulasi leaves few

Temple fee 51$
Guru dakshina it's up to you

    I   was surprised because  these  were  needed only if we   perform AMA sradha (where  all materials needed to cook food for the priests are given to them) and not needed  for Hiranya sradha.WE did  collect  the materials  and reached   the temple . The priest who belonged to tamil nadu  made two koorchas to represent   the  two Brahmins and right  from sankalpa I felt  little strange .He read the manthras  from his cell phone and I knew  that I  was  chanting   not  the manthras  which  I used to chant  for doing hiranya  sradha in india nor  the kriyas  which I used to do  but having  chosen  the person as  Acharya  , I obeyed him  100%.Ofcourse  we gave him  Acharya  SAmbhavana.

Thursday, December 6, 2018

What I give to others became useful to me today


What  I give to others became  useful to me  today

By
P.R.Ramachander



For the past 18 years  I have been putting tharpana  SAnkalpa manthras for  the entire year , just before  the new year starts.Realizing that  it would be used more by people   who have settled abroad, I had been putting  the time of change   of Thidhi and Nakshatra so that , they can change them according to the time that they  perform the  SAnklpams. I know that several thousands of persons are   using  it throughout the world.For the past   few years  several   scholars are  putting these  sankalpa  Manthras   every month or even just before  Tharpana day. Due to this I was thinking of discontinuing this   from next year, But I myself had  to use it today  in USA and I felt that they   are  extremely useful because of the time of change given in them. I humbly request  my friends , who regularly put these manthras to add  this  useful info also.


Saturday, August 25, 2018

Mahalaya Paksha THarpana SAnkalpa manthras for the year 2018


Mahalaya  Paksha  THarpana SAnkalpa manthras for the year 2018

Compiled by
P.R.Ramachander



25-9-2018
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya  Pournami    Punya thithou bhouma  vasra yukthayam  uthra proshta  pada  nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  pournamasyam       Punya thithou,
(Pournami up to 8.50 Am after that  Prathama , Uthra proshtapadha   up to 1.02 AM on 25th might  afterwards  Revathi )

26.9.2018 
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou, Kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
  Prathama Punya thithou    soumya   vasra yukthayam  revathi    nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam   Prathamam     Punya thithou,

(Prathama up to  8.57 Am   and afterwards  Dwitheeya, , Revathi up to 1,55  Am that night and afterwards Aswini )
27.9.2018
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
 Dwitheeyam  Punya thithou   Guru   vasra yukthayam  Aswini    nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam   Dwitheeyaam      Punya thithou,

(Dwitheeya  up to 9.4 am and after wards thritheeya  , Aswini up to  2.23 AM  that night and afterwards Apabharani)

28.9.2018

Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
Tritheeyaam    Punya thithou     Brugu      vasra yukthayam  Apabharani    nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam        Punya thithou,

(Tritheeya up to  8.45 Am   afterwards  Chathurthi  , Apabharani up to   2.29 am that night  and Kruthika   afterwards)

29.9.2018
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou, kanyamase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                      
  Chathurthyam     Punya thithou   Mandha       vasra yukthayam Kruthika     nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam        Punya thithou,

(Chathurthi up to  8.05 am  , afterwards Panchami, Krithika up to   2.14 am that day night   and afterwards  Rohini)

30.9.2018

Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
Panchamyam        Punya thithou    Bhanu      vasra yukthayam   Rohini  nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  Panchamyam       Punya thithou,

(Panchami up to  7.05 am and afterwards Sashti , Rohini up to  1.42  Am that night  and afterwards  Mruga seersham )
1-10-2018
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanyamase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
 Sapthmyam      Punya thithou  indu        vasra yukthayam  Mriga seersha    nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam   Sapthamyam     Punya thithou,

(Sapthami  up to  4.10 Am next day morning , afterwards Ashtami . Mruga  seersham up to  0.52 AM that night and afterwards  Arudra)

2-10-2018
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  Kanyamase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
Ashtamyam     Punya thithou   Bhouma       vasra yukthayam   Arudra  nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  Ashtamyam       Punya thithou,

(Ashtami up to 2.18 Am that night and afterwards Navami , Arudra  up to 11.46 PM  that night afterwards Punarvasu)

3-10-2018

Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
 Navamyam       Punya thithou    Saumya      vasra yukthayam Punarvasu     nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam    Naumyam     Punya thithou,

(Navami up to  0.11 AM that night  after wards  Dasami  , Punarvasu up to 10.24 pm  that night  and afterwards  Pushya  Nakshata)

4-10-2018
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  ka-------n----y-----a--- mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
 Dasami    Punya thithou   Guru    vasra yukthayam  Pushya    nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  Dasamyam      Punya thithou,

(dasami   upto   9.50 PM that night   and afterwards  Ekadasi, Pushya  Nakshatra  up to  8.49 PM that night  and afterwards Aslesha Nakshatra)

5-10-2018 

Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
Ekadasyam     Punya thithou     Shukra     vasra yukthayam  ASlesha    nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam    Ekadasyam    Punya thithou,

(Ekadasi up to  7.19 PM afterwards Dwadasi, Aslesha   upto  7.03 PM and afterwards Maka nakshatra)

6-10-2018
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
  Dwadasyam      Punya thithou    Manda       vasra yukthayam  Makha    nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  Dwadasyam      Punya thithou,

(DWadasi up to  4.41 pm afterwards  Trayodasi, Makha nakshtra up to  5.11 Pm and afterwards Poorva Phalguni  Nakshtra)

7.10.2018
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya  mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
Trayodasyam     Punya thithou   Bhanu        vasra yukthayam Poorva phalguni     nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  Trayodasyam      Punya thithou,

(Trayodasi up to  2.04 Am that night afterwards  Chathurdasi  , Poorva Phalguni up to 3.19 am that night and afterwards  Uthara Phalguni)

8-10-2018  Mahalaya Amavasya

    Vilamba nama samvathsare ,dakshinayane , varsha  rithou, kanya mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya Chathurdasyam(amavasyam after 11 Am)      punya thidhou , indu   vasara yukthayam, uttara phalguni   nakshatra yukthayam,  shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Amavasyam   punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(Chathrdasi  up to  11am     afterwards  amavasya, uthra  phalguni  Nakshatra  up to 1.34    afterwards hastha Nakshatra)


Appendix
1.Names of Nakshatras in Sanskrit for sankalpa

  S.No                      Tamil               Malayalam         Sanskrit
  1.                           Aswathi             Aswini              Aswini
  2.                           Bharani              Bharani             Apabharani
  3.                           Karthigai .          Karthiga            Kruthiga
  4.                           Rohini                Rohini               Rohinee
  5.                           Mriga Siarm      Mageeram         Mriga Seersha
  6.                           Thiruvathirai      Thiruvathira      Arudhra
  7.                            Punarpoosam     Punartham        Punarvasu
  8.                            Poosam              Pooyam             Pushya
  9.                            Ayilyam             Ayilyam            Aslesha
  10.                          Magam               Makam             Magha
  11.                          Pooram               Pooram             Poorva  phalguni
  12.                          Uthiram              Uthram             Uthra Phalguni
  13.                          Haastham            Atham              Hastha
  14.                          Chithirai              Chithra             Chitra
  15.                          Swathi                 Swathi              Swathi
   16.                         Vishagam            Vishakam         Vishaka
   17.                         Anusham             Anizham          Anuradha
   18.                          Kettai                   Ketta                Jyeshta
   19.                          Moolam               Moolam           Moola
   20                           Pooradam             Pooradam        Poorvashada
    21.                         Uthradam             Uthradam         Uthrashada
    22.                         Thiruvonam         Thiruvonam      Sravana
    23.                         Avittam                Avittam            Sravishta
    24.                         Chathayam           Chathayam       Satha bishak
    25..                        Poororattathi        Poororattathi     Poorva proshta pada
    26                          Uthrattathi           Uthrattathi         Uthara proshtapada
    27.                         Revathy               Revathy             Revathee.         

 2. .Names of days of week in Sanskrit for sankalpa 

1.Sunday-   Bhanuvasara
2.Monday- Induvasara
3.Tuesday-Bhouma vasara
4.Wednesday-Soumya vasara
5.Thursday- Guru vasara
6.Friday-  Brugu vasara
7.Saturday- Sthiravasara

3. .Names of  months in Sanskrit for sankalpa

S.No                 Tamil                Malayalam                       Sanskrit
 1.                    Chitthirai            Medam                              Mesham
 2                      Vaikasi              Edavam                              Rishabha
 3                       Aani                  Midhunam                         Midhuna
 4                       Aadi                  Karkidagam                       Karkada
 5                       Aavani               Chingam                           Simham
 6                       Puratasi              Kanni                                Kanya
 7                       Iyppasi               Thulam                             Thula
 8                       Karthigai            Vrischigam                       Vrucchiga
 9                       Margazhi             Dhanu                               Dhanu
 10                     Thai                    Makaram                          Makara
 11                      Masi                   Kumbham                         Kumbha
 12                      Panguni              Meenam                             Meena

4.Names of the seasons

1.Vasantha Ruthu       Chithirai-Vaikasi       Medam-edavam
2,Greeshma Rithu       Aani-Aadi                  Mithunam-karkidagam
3.Varsha Rithu            Aavani-purattasi        Chingam-Kanni
4.Sarad Rithu               Ippasi-Karthigai        Thulam-Vrischigam
5.Hemantha Rithu        Margazhi-Thai           Dhanu-Makaram
6.Sishira Rithu              Maasi-Panguni          Kumbham-Meenam
.                                .       

   


Mahalaya paksha Tharpana Manthras


Mahalaya  paksha  Tharpana   Manthras

Compiled   by
P.R.Ramachander



(Complied  based  on  Temple  Purohith   web site .Thanks to them)

1.Perform  Achamanam
   Take minute quantities of water(just sufficient to soak one grain of black gram) three times in the right hand and take it with the following manthra.

1.Om Achyuthaya nama  2,Om Ananthaya nama 3.Om Govindaya nama
Then
Touch with thumb both cheeks saying kesava -Narayana
Touch with ring finger both eyes saying Madhava –govinda
Touch with the first finger both sides of nose saying  Vishno-Madhusoodana
Touch with little finger both ears saying  Trivikrama-Vamana
Touch  with the middle finger both shoulders  saying  Sreedhara-Hrishi kesa
Touch with all fingers the belly button saying Padmanabha
Touch with all fingers the head saying  Damodara

A; For Smarthas

2.Ganapathi dyanam

Recite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead with both fists together.:-
Shuklambaradharam  Vishunum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,
Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.


3.Do Pranayamam.
Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and recite the following Manthra:-

Om Bhoo
Om Bhuva
Ogum Suva
Om Maha
Om Jana
Om Thapa
Ogum Sathyam
 Om Tatsa vithur varenyam  Bargo devasya dhi mahi  dhiyo yona prachodayath
Om Apa
Jyothj rasa
Amrutham brahma
Bhoorbuvasuvarom
Touch the ears three times saying
Om, Om , Om

4.Do Sankalpam

Mamo Partha Samastha Duritha kshaya dwara Sri Parameshwara Preethyartham.
Apavithra pavithro va  Sarvavastham gathopi va,
Ya smareth  pundarikaksham  sa bahyanthara suchi
Manasam vachikam paapam  karmana samuparjitham
Sri Rama smarane naiva  vyapohathi na samsaya

Sri Rama-Rama Rama

Thidir Vishnu thada vaara nakshatram  Vishnureva cha,
Yogascha karanam Chaiva sarvam Vishnu mayam jagat

Sri Govinda Govinda Govinda

B:For Sri Vaaishnavas of Vada Kalai
    
Do Pranayamam.
Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and recite the following Manthra:-

Om Bhoo
Om Bhuva
Ogum Suva
Om Maha
Om Jana
Om Thapa
Ogum Sathyam
 Om Tatsa vithur varenyam  Bargo devasya dhi mahi  dhiyo yona prachodayath
Om Apa
Jyothj rasa
Amrutham brahma
Bhoorbuvasuvarom
Touch the ears three times saying
Om, Om , Om
And then chant the following manthras:-

1.Srimad venkata nadarya kavi kargika kesari
   Vedanthacharya varyo me sanni datham sada hruthi
2.Gurubhya  tad gurubyascha  namo vaga  made mahe,
   Vruni mahe  cha tatrath  you dampathi jagatham pathi
3.Swasesha bhoodeth  mayaa  sweeyai sarva parichadai,
   Vidahthum  preethamath manam deva prakramade swayam
 4.Shuklam baradaram vishnum sasi varnam chadur bhjam
    Prasanna vadanam dyayeth  sarva vigno upa santhaye
  5.Yasyad  viratha vakthradhya parishadya para satham,
     Vignam nignanthi vishvaksenam tham asraye.

C:For Sri Vaishnavas of Then Kalai

Do Pranayamam.
Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and recite the following Manthra:-

Om Bhoo
Om Bhuva
Ogum Suva
Om Maha
Om Jana
Om Thapa
Ogum Sathyam
 Om Tatsa vithur varenyam  Bargo devasya dhi mahi  dhiyo yona prachodayath
Om Apa
Jyothj rasa
Amrutham brahma
Bhoorbuvasuvarom
Touch the ears three times saying
Om, Om , Om

Then Chant the following manthras:-
1.Shuklam baradaram vishnum sasi varnam chadur bhjam
    Prasanna vadanam dyayeth  sarva vigno upa santhaye
2..Yasyad  viratha vakthradhya parishadya para satham,
     Vignam nignanthi vishvaksenam tham asraye

WHAT FOLLOWS IS COMMON TO SMARTHAS AND VAISHNAVAS OF THENKALAI AND VADAKALAI.
  
( The stars   and thithis  for Mahalaya  Paksha days    have been given separately .See that daily  and fill up the blanks)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vilambi    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  simha mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya ------(thidhi)   Punya thithou --------- (day) vasra yukthayam  ---------(star) nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  -------(thidhi)      Punya thithou,
                 ( Change the position of poonal from left shoulder to right shoulder(LEFT MODE))


I .THarpanam to  three  generation of our  paternal and maternal ancestors

a.Pithru  tharpanam (Oblations to father)
 1.  .  (Your gothra)   Gothrasya (Father’s name)                      
SArmana vasu roopan mama Pithrun  swadha namastharpayami
2, (Your gothra)   Gothrasya (Father’s name)                      
SArmana vasu roopan mama Pithrun  swadha namastharpayami
3. (Your gothra)   Gothrasya (Father’s name)                      
SArmana vasu roopan mama Pithrun  swadha namastharpayami

b.Pithamaha tharpanam(oblations to paternal grand father)

1.(Your Gothra) Gothrasya (Grand father’s name)                     
SArmana  Rudra roopan mama pithamahan swadha namastharpayami
 2.  .(Your Gothra) Gothrasya (Grand father’s name)                     
SArmana  Rudra roopan mama pithamahan swadha namastharpayami
3. .(Your Gothra) Gothrasya (Grand father’s name)                     
SArmana  Rudra roopab mama pithamahan swadha namastharpayami

c.Prapithamaha tharpanam(Oblations to paternal great grand father )
1. (Your Gothra).  Gothrasya   (Great grand father’s name)                    
SArmana adithya  roopan mama prapithamahan  swadha namastharpayami
   2. . (Your Gothra).  Gothrasya   (Great grand father’s name)                    
SArmana adithya  roopan mama prapithamahan  swadha namastharpayami
3.  (Your Gothra).  Gothrasya   (Great grand father’s name)                    
SArmana adithya  roopan mama prapithamahan  swadha namastharpayami

d.Mathru tharpanam(Oblations to mother)
 1.  (Your gothra)   Gothraa (mother’s name)                      
Namnee vasu roopa mama mathu swadha namastharpayami
  2..  (Your Gothra) Gothraa   (Mother’s name)                    
Namnee vasu roopa mama mathu swadha namastharpayami
3. (Your Gothra)  (Gothraa   (Mother’s name)                    
Namnee vasu roopa mama mathu swadha namastharpayami

e.Pithamahi tharpanam (oblations to paternal grand mother)
1.(Your Gothra) Gothraa (Grand mother’s name)                     
Namnee Rudra roopa mama pithamahi  swadha namastharpayami
 2. . (Your Gothra) Gothraa (Grand mother’s name)                       
Namnee Rudra roopa mama pithamahi  swadha namastharpayami
 3. (Your gothra) Gothraa  (Grand mother’s name)                     
Namnee Rudra roopa mama pithamahi  swadha namastharpayami
   
f.Prapithamahi tharpanam(Oblations to paternal great grand mother)
1. (Your Gothra).  Gothraa   (Great grand mother’s name)                    
Namnee adithya  roopa mama prapithamahi  swadha namastharpayami
 2. .(Your Gothra) Gothraa   (Great Grand mother’s name)                    
Namnee adithya  roopa mama prapithamahi  swadha namastharpayami
 3. .(Your Gothra) Gothraa   (Great Grand mother’s name)                    
Namnee adithya  roopa mama prapithamahi  swadha namastharpayami

g.Mathamaha tharpanam (Oblations to maternal grand father )
 1.  .  (Your maternal  uncles gothra)   Gothrasya (maternal grand Father’s name)                      
SArmana vasu roopan mama mathamahaan  swadha namastharpayami
2,( Your maternal  uncles gothra)   Gothrasya (maternal grand Father’s name)                      
SArmana vasu roopan mama mathamahaan  swadha namastharpayami
3. Your maternal  uncles gothra)   Gothrasya (maternal grand Father’s name)                      
SArmana vasu roopan mama mathamahaan  swadha namastharpayami


h.Mathru Pithamaha tharpanam(oblations to maternal great grand father)

1.(Maternal  uncles  Gothra) Gothrasya (Maternal  great Grand father’s name)                     
SArmana  Rudra roopan mama Mathru  pithamahan swadha namastharpayami
 2.  (Maternal  uncles  Gothra) Gothrasya (Maternal  great Grand father’s name)                     
SArmana  Rudra roopan mama Mathru  pithamahan swadha namastharpayami
3. (Maternal  uncles  Gothra) Gothrasya (Maternal  great Grand father’s name)                     
SArmana  Rudra roopan mama Mathru  pithamahan swadha namastharpayami


i .Mathru  Prapithamaha tharpanam(Oblations to maternal great  great grand father )
1. (Maternal uncles Gothra).  Gothrasya   (Maternal great Great grand father’s name)                    
SArmana adithya  roopan mama  mathru  prapithamahan  swadha namastharpayami
   2. (Maternal uncles Gothra).  Gothrasya   (Maternal great Great grand father’s name)                    
SArmana adithya  roopan mama  mathru  prapithamahan  swadha namastharpayami
  3 (Maternal uncles Gothra).  Gothrasya   (Maternal great Great grand father’s name)                    
SArmana adithya  roopan mama  mathru  prapithamahan  swadha namastharpayami
d.Mathamahi tharpanam[15(Oblations to maternal grand mother)
1.(Maternal grand father’s gothra) gothraa (Maternal grand mother’s name)                     
Namnee vasu roopa mama mathamahi swadha namastharpayami
  
j. .(Maternal grand father’s gothra) gothraa (Maternal grand mother’s name)                                                        
Namnee vasu roopa mama mathamahi swadha namastharpayami

3. .(Maternal grand father’s gothra) gothraa (Maternal grand mother’s name)                                                                 
Namnee vasu roopa mama mathamahi swadha namastharpayami

j.Mathru Pithamahi tharpana (Oblations to grand mother of mother)
1.(Maternal grand father’s gothra) gothraa (Maternal great grand mother’s name)                                                       
Namnee Rudra roopa mama mathu pithamahi  swadha namastharpayami
   
2. .(Maternal grand father’s gothra) gothraa (Maternal great grand mother’s name)                      
Namnee Rudra roopa mama mathu pithamahi  swadha namastharpayami
   
3. .(Maternal grand father’s gothra) gothraa (Maternal grand mother’s name)                      
Namnee Rudra roopa mama mathu pithamahi  swadha namastharpayami
   
.k.Mathu Prapithamahi tharpana (Oblations to great grand mother of mother)
1. .(Maternal grand father’s gothra) gothraa (Maternal grand father’s grand mother’s name)                     
Namnee adithya  roopa mama mathu prapithamahi  swadha namastharpayami
   
2. .(Maternal grand father’s gothra) gothraa (Maternal grand father’s grand mother’s name)                      . .                                    
Namnee adithya  roopa mama mathu prapithamahi  swadha namastharpayami
   
3. .(Maternal grand father’s gothra) gothraa (Maternal grand father’s grand mother’s name)                      . .                                           
Namnee adithya  roopa mama mathu prapithamahi  swadha namastharpayami

II.Karuneeka Pithrus

If perchance you do not know their Gothra say “Thath thath gothraanam”
If perchance   you do not know their name  say “Thth thath  SArmana”
      
(1)  father’s elder /younger brother=chithappa/ periappa  (our gothram)  gothran —–(name)–sarmanaha vasu rupan swadah namas tharpayami
(2) younger/elder brothers who are no more  (our Gothram)gothran —-(name)-sarmanaha vasu rupan braathrun swadah namas tharpayami
(3) son   who is  no more  ( our gothram) gothraan—–( name )sarmanaha vasu rupan puthran swadah namas tharpayami
(4) father,’s sister: younger/elder= athai ——-gothraha——-(name  thaaha vasurupaha pithru bagini swadah namas tharpayami
(5)mother’s brothers younger/elder——gothran—- ( name )- sarmanaha vasurupan mathulan swadah namas tharpayami
(6) mother’s sisters: elder/younger ——-gothraha——(name) thaaha vasu rupan mathru bagini swadah namas tharpayami
(7) son in law who is no more  ——-gothran——-(name)-sarmanaha vasu rupan jaamaatha swadah namas tharpayami
(8)  sister-elder/younger ———gothraaha —–(name) thaaha vasurupaha bagini swadah namas tharpayami
(9) daughter who is no more ——–gothraha —-(-name) thaaha vasu rupaha puthree swadah namas tharpayami.
(10) wife who is no more——–gothraha —-(-name) thaaha vasurupaha pathni swadah namas tharpayami
(11) father in law who is no more ——-gothraan——( name )-sarmanaha vasurupan swasroon swadah namas tharpayami
(12) sister’s husband  who is no more ——gothran ——( name )–sharmanaha vasurupan paavukaan swadah namas tharpayami
(13)  daughter in law who is no more====gothraha—-(name) thaaha vasurupaha snushaa swadah namas tharpayami
(14) wife’s brother younger/elder who is no more ——gothran—–( name )–sarmanah vasurupan syaalakaan swadah namas tharpayami
(15) Brahopadesam Guru——gothran — (name )-sarmanaha vasurupan gurun swadah namas tharpayami
(16) Aachaaryan= teacher who taught  veda ——gothran——-( name) -sarmanaha vasu rupan aachaaryan swadah namas tharpayami
(17=employer who is no more the person who gave  salary every month if he is a brahmin, kartha may do ——gothran—( name)-sarmanaha vasurupan swaminaha swadah namas tharpayami
(18) close friends who are  no more —–gothran—( name)-sarmanaha–vasurupan sakeen swadah namas tharpayami.

III. Gyaatha agyaatha vargathdwaya pithrun/karunya pithrun cha swadha namas tharpayaami (3 times)
OOrjam vahantheehi  amrutham grutham payaha keelaalam parishrutham svathaastha tharpayatha may pithrun thrupyatha,thrupyatha,thrupyathaha.

Upaveedham ( sacred thread on left shoulder)
Namovaha pitharo rasaaya, namo vah pithras sooshmaaya , namo vah pithro jeevaaya, namo vah pithras swadhaayai, namo vah pithro manyave , namo vah pithro ghoraaya,
pitharo namo vo ya ethasmin lokhestha ushmaghushthey anu ye ye ye asmin lokhe maan theanu ya ethasmin lokhe astha yuyam theysham vasishta booyaasthayea asmin lokhe
aham theysham vasisto booyaasam.
Devadabyashscha pihrubhyascha maha yogibyascha evacha namas swadhayayai swahayaiyai nithya meva namo namaha.

Pracheenaaveedhi(Sacred thread on right shoulder)
Uthistathaha pithraha pretha soora, yamasya pantha manvetha puraanam .dathaasdhasmaasu dravinam yacha badhram prano bhroothaat bhaghadhan deva daasu
or
AAyaatha pitharaha somya gambeeraihi pathibir poorvaihi prajaa masmabyam thadhatho rayincha theerkaayurvancha  sadhashaaradhanja.
Asmaath koorchath sapath neeka pithru pithamaha prapithaamahan, mathru pitha mahi prapithamahi nam sa pathneeka matha maha mathuhu pithamahan mathuhu praithaan kaarunya pithrun cha yatha sthaanam prathista payaami.
Untie the Koorcha  take it on your hand and do kucho dhakam to Yeshaam na matha, na pitha, na bhandhuhu naanya gothrinaha, they sarvey thrupthi maayaanthu mayoth srustaihi kuchothahai.thrupyatha,thrupthya, thrupthayaha.
Upaveedhi, Remove pavithram keep   it in your ear and doi   aachamanam .

 Do brahma yagnam; THen do your daily poojas and then take meals. At night for you  and to your wife only tiffin or milk and fruit.
On amavasya day first do amavasya tharpanam and again do this kaarunya pithru tharpanam.



Mahalaya Paksha Tharpanam -An introduction



Mahalaya  Paksha Tharpanam  -An introduction  


By
P.R.Ramachander




Mahalaya Paksha  orPithru Paksha  orApara  Pakshna  is the 16 days of waning moon starting from Prathama after full moon  to  the  Mahalaya  Amavasya  .It normally comes in the  month of Kanni  or  Purattasi (September-october)   or Bhadrapada
   There is a story   behind  the choice  of this period in North India  . It seems  Karna   went to heaven  and he was given only gold, diamonds, jewels etc but no food. When Karna  asked they told him  , that  though he  gave  lot of charities  of wealth , he never gave  any food to his ancestors.  When Karna pointed out  that  he did not know who were his ancestors, they allowed  him to go back to earth for 15 days and  give food to his ancestors during that time.This period is considered  as  Mahalaya  Paksha.
  In South India we believe  that  , becoming happy with all  the Pithrus in Pithru Loka   Yama Dharma  Raja sends all the pithrus to their loka  for 16 days  every year so that they  can visit   the homes of their children in earth and happily eat the food given to them ,HE also felt he can clean the pithru loka     during that sixteen days,Because of this  the Pithrus consider these days as festival days.If their progeny do not feed them at least one day, they would go back to their places   hungry and  sad and may curse their children , that they   should never have  children ,
      Normally we are expected to do  Sradham on all the sixteen days addressed not only to our Pithrus but the  Karunika pithrus*. If  by chance it is not possible , they should do it on then  they should do it  on the  thithi when their parents died,

*The following are called KARUKINA PITRU DEVATAS:

Younger brother of the father
Elder brother of the father
Elder brother
 Younger brother
Sisters
Ones own sons
Aunt (Sisters of father)
Aunt’s son (Amman)
Wife of father’s elder brother
Wife of father’s younger brother
Daughters and sons of father’s brothers
Wife
Father in law
Mother in law
Daughter in law
Wife’s brothers
Guru
Master under whom one serves
Friends


   If even that is not possible , you must at least do tharpanam to the pithrus    during those days. Tis tharpanam is also addressed   to normal Pithrus as well as Karuneeka Pithrus.
It is told that  if you do  thapanam  on the following  thithis  of Mahalaya  Paksha   , the following benefits    would be received:-
1.Prathama. Those of our Pithrus who have died  with unfulfilled   wishes would get satisfied    and such death  can be avoided to your progeny
2.Dwitheeya . Your Pithrus   who lead a suffering life due to being handicapped  or  deep depression  would become contended and would bless you.
3,Tritheeya. This tharpana is called “Pithru mangalya suthra  tharpana puja”   and would help those pithrus who married  against their wishes and suffered  in the world and died.
4.Chathurthi . THis  charpoorva tharpana  would help those who died  sad because they are parting from their pets  and adopted children.This will also help those who were not able to serve their mothers before their death.
5.Panchami .This is called  Vruksha  paripalana  tharpanam .If you do this , then the trees which your ancestors  grew and looked after  would  bless you.
6.Sashti. This day   will help those  of our ancestors who were teachers   and who might have punished  or ill treated them. This also is a thanks giving to our own teachers   who helped us get knowledge
7.Sapthami. This would help  those people who  did not help deserving people or did not give proper   compensation.
8.Ashtami  . This helps those pithrus who lead  a life without dharma. It would help them had they repented for their behaviour
9.Navami . This would help those   ancestors who might have met an accidental or unnatural death.
10.Dasami. It is called Bala  Sanjeeva  Tharpanam.. This hek lps those of our ancestors who might have died before they attained   the   age of five. It is also called  Karunya Tharpanam, as these ancestors would never receive   any tharpanam.
11,Ekadasi . This is called   the Pithru paripalana   tharpanam. THis is to compensate Pithrus for   many of their things which we are using  . They would become happy if we do it.
12.Dwadasi .. This is called  “Ksheera Amritha dosha  nivruthi tharpanam” . This would help those mothers who could not give their milk to their babies, and to the babies who died  without getting mother’s milk
13.Trayodasi  This is called Brahma sakata tharpanam..They normally pour the tharpana   water over a sandal wood piece.It would help us to remove Pretha   doshas
14.Chathurdasi . This would help pithrus whose  cremation was done outside his native place or to those  in whose  after death rituals , the eldest son did not participate
The Manthras Mahalaya  Paksha   Tharpanam  and   The sankapa manthras   with  possible alterations   world wide  for this year  is given  separately