Sunday, January 21, 2018

Rituals to be done on Chandra Grahanam(Lunar eclipse ) on 31-1-2018

 Rituals   to be done  on  Chandra  Grahanam(Lunar  eclipse ) on 31-1-2018

Compiled by
P.R.Ramachander




This  eclipse    is a total eclipse  in India  and is visible   all over India(partial Lunar eclipse in north eastern states) .When two full moon(pournami) occurs  in a month (Extremely rare , this occurs after  150 years)  , they call it a blue moon(The phrase  once in a blue moon  “ is because of this) .This January  there are  two Pournamis .Please understand   that  the moon   would not look blue) .When a total eclipse  occurs  , the moon is seen with red colour  .This iis called  blood  moon  .In India   this year we would be seeing the blood moon   

The Lunar Eclipse would be visible from Asia, most of Europe, Australia, North-East Africa, North-West South America, North America, Atlantic, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific, Arctic and Antarctica.
The Total Lunar Eclipse would be visible from India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia and most countries of Asia continent.
None of the eclipse would be visible from United Kingdom and some western parts of Europe. .I  am giving below   the time  of the eclipse  in  few  centres

Bangalore
18.15
21.38
Chennai 
18.04
21.38
Mumbai
18.27
21.38
Calcutta
17.16
21.38
New Delhi
17.53
21.38
Dubai
18.01
20.08
Sydney , Australia
21.51
 3.08 , 1-2-2-018
New York (East coast)
5.51 AM 
7.06  AM
Dallas, Texas (Central USA)
4.51 AM
7.24 AM
Los Angeles(west coast)
2.51  AM
6.55 AM
Toronto  , Ottawa, Canada
5.51  AM
7.34  AM

The Lunar eclipse Tharpana   has to be done   towards  the end of  Chandra Grahana.Before doing Tharpana   we have to take bath    and after  the end  of  the eclipse  we have to again take bath.(if Sradha  is on POurnamasi thithi  on 31st, it shold be done only on 1-2-2018)

The   sankalpa manthra   for this eclipse is :-

  Hevilambinama samvathsare ,utharayane  , Hemantha rithou, Makara  mase , Shukla pakshe, adhya Pournamasyam   punya thidhou , Soumya vasara yukthayam, Pushya nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Pournamasyam  punya thidhou, Somoparaga  punya kale , uparaga sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye

(pournami is  up to  6.57  PM  IST  afterwards  Prathama, Pushya  Nakshata  is up to  5.36  PM IST   afterwards Aslesha  Nakshtra  .Even people in India should change  the thithi and Nakshatra  depending on the time they   do Tharpana)

The following stars are affected  Punarpoosam,  Poosam, Ayilyam Vishakham, Kettai, Pororattathi, Anusham , Uthrattathi, REvathi

(Those  whose Nakshatra   the eclipse are affected , should write the following sloka in a palm leaf and tie it to their forehead. After the eclipse this palm leaf should be removed. Then they should give in charity one Ash gourd, coconut and coin to a Brahmin.


“Indro analo Yamo , riksho, varuno vayurevacham, Kubhera, eeso knandu Indu uparaga udhavyathaam mama”

For getting rid of the  problems caused  Individuals can also chant 
“Yo Sou  Vajra dharou Deva, nakshtraanaam   prabhurmatha, sahasra nayana Chandra  , graha peedaam Vyopahathu”

Sri Vaishnavas   chant the following stotra

Chandra antharyami   Sri  Anjaneya  preranayaa ,
Sri Anjana swami preethyartham  ,
CHandroparaga   peeda parihartham,

SAnaaga   Chandra bimba   dhanamaham karishye 

Wednesday, October 4, 2017

Rules of Sradha by Vaidheeka Krita Rathnam Soma Skanda Gurukkal

   In modern times   after the first annual sradha, people are not performing Sradha at all. Since the only weapon of Pithrus is curse, please  be careful. The major effect would be they will curse that  there should be b no one to perform Sradha   for us i.e there would not be male progeny to our sons. Sri Soma Skanda Gurukkal   has written a great book about Sradha . Throughout he has mentioned about Varanam of Pithrus and Viswe Devas only.  He has not mentioned about Swamil ILai  to represent Maha Vishnu  or Varanam of another Brahmin as Vishnu. I have already  given the rules of SRadha by  Sri Vathsa  Soma deva Sharma  inhttp://brahminrituals.blogspot.in/2011/05/sradha-vidhi-rules-of-sradha.html


Rules of Sradha
By
Vaidheeka Kriya rathnam
Mayilani  Brahma sree  U.Soma skandha  Gurukkal

(I have modified and classified the  information given by the above author so that  its presentation is better )










Types of Sradhas
1.parvana Sradham is done to please the Viswe devas and Pithrus for three   generation. From mothers and fathers side,
2. Yekodhishta is a sradha   aimed at the person who is just dead and has not become pithru and is haing Pretha roopa.IN SApindi karana both re there.
3.Both in the first annual sradha and subsequent sradhas  first we seek permission to do the Sradha  in the Parvana   way.
4.The eight Vasus , eleven Rudras  , rwelve adithyas and twelve Viswa devas   protect the Sradha.
5,In each Sradha we  choose   two of the  viswe devas and one Brahmin will  represent them and another  top represent our Pithrus
6.In the first annulal sradha   and subsequent  annual sradhas we choose Puroorardhava  and Samjnaka   Viswe devas.
7.In Mahalaya Sradha   we choose Thuru and Ruchi Samjnakas
8.In SApindikarana we choose  Kala-Kamuka  SAmjnakas
9.In SAnya saanga Sradha   we choose Sathu –Guru samjakas
10.In Naandhi sradhas  Sathyavasu and in Yagas  Krathu-Daksha samjnakas   are chosen
11.People who are not monretarily well off can do it in HIranya or Aama sradha  way. Now in practice people do it only as Hiranya
12. Another form is Sankalpa Sradha  where Aavahana  , homa  , arghya  , vikira, panda dhana and Tharpana   are not there
Mahalaya  Sradha(Pithru Paksha)
13.It is essential to do Sradha  in Mahalaya Paksha.Atleast do Hiranya SRadha
14.During Mahalaya Paksja   at least   daily do tharpanam
15.The most important days of Mahalaya Paksha or Maha Bharani, Madhyashtami and Vyadheepadham ,The thryodasi of Mahalaya  Paksha  is Gajachaya.If you do sradham on that day, you will get the effect  of doing Gaya Sradha
16.In Mahalaya Pakshna   Even Karunya Pithrus  (Father’s brothers, elder vrother, younger brother. Paternal aunt, maternal uncle, mother’s sisters, own sisters and their sons, wife  , father in law, mother in law, sister’s husband, daughter in law, brother in law, Guru  , Master under whom we have worked  and friends) also receive varanam, pindam    and tharpanam.
17.In mother is alive during Mahalaya  SRadha , sradha is not do the maternal side
18.In normal sradha we offer  six pindas(rice balls) but in mahalaya sradha 13  pindas are offered to Pithru Varga(fathers clan), Mathru varga(mothers clan),  Sapathneeka Mathamaha varga(The clan of in laws of other wives) and Karunya pithrus.
Nandi sradha
19.Nandi sradha needs to be done  during Garbha dhana , Seemantha, Jatha karma, Nama Karma, Anna prasana, Choula, Prapthyadhi pnances,  Samavarthana, Vivaha and graham pravesa   to new home.
20.In Nandui Sradha the mathru Varga is first offered and then the Pithru varga
21, In Nandi the varana is in the reverse order, prapithamaha, pithamaha   and Pitha
22. Nandi sradha is an auspicious function Instead of Gingelly Yava is used. Parishechana is not done anticlockwise .The word “Swadha”  is not used
23.For Viswedevas we have to select two Brahmins  and for each Pithru Two Brahmanas are selected
24.If a kartha performs one Nandi Sradha , he can do another only after  6 days
25.The person who does Nandhi  sradha   does not do Anna Sradha  for three months during  Amavasya, Sankramana , manvadhi and Yugadhi, Some people do not do tharpanam for 6 months
26. The person who does Nandhi should not   touch Gingely or Durbha.He can do it using Akshathai   and Arugam pul.
27.The person who does Nandhi can do Sapindeekaranam  and Prathyabdheekam in his home
28.When wife is in periods, husband is not supposed to do Nandhi
29.In Nadhi you face eat   and in Dhurbhas  facing east  , he has to keep two pindas .The pindas are by  fruits(Elandhai pazham/Jamoon) and curd



Duties of Kartha(one who performs)  and Boktha(one who  consumes)

30.Kartha  is the person who does the Sradha
31.Bhoktha is the one who is selected by us for worship in the Sradha
32.There are some common rules for Kartha and Boktha
33.Both of them should not eat any food after  taking meals in the Sradha
34.Both of them should lead a religiously disciplined life for Sradha Paksha (waxing or waning 15 day period in which SRadha falls)  or  at least   one week(or three  days ) before the Sradha

Who can become a Boktha
36.The two Bokthas should not be brothers
37.A widower   without son is not elegible to become a Boktha
38.If a person’s wife is in periods, he is not eligible to be a  Boktha
39.Once a person becomes Boktha  in a home , for next  three days, he is not elegible to become a Boktha
40.Those who do not know Veda, those who are  ill and those who want you to make the Boktha are not elegible.
41.It is not permissible to one person being BOktha in another house and that person becoming Boktha in his house by mutual agreement.
42.Those who have a wife who is pregnant for more than three months also are  not elegible to be a Boktha
43.He who has not o performed first year death ceremony  after their death and he who has   shaved himself that day are not eligible  as Bokth
44.Among the Bokthas , the younger one should be selected to represent Pithrus(manes) and the elder one   the Viswe devas.
Duties of Kartha 
45. He who performs Sradha(the kartha) should not  brush his teeth using a brush or stick on the day of SRadha.

46.The Kartha should change his scared thread  before starting the ceremony.
47.To the Bokthas we should give Vasthra(cloth)  of the quality we ourself wear.
48.The Kartha should not take meals  in other’s homes ( Guru, Uncle, sister brother are not others)  for one month(Or one Paksha or one week or three  days )   before the Sradha.
49.He should not take  oil bath in the  week previous to the Sradha
50.If you cannot afford to give cloths to the Bokthas, give them at least new sacred threads.
51.The Dakshina(fees) is according to the Kartha’s monetary ability


When to perform Sradha?
52.Sradha should be performed in the Thithi, month and Paksha  in which the death has occurred.
53.If in the Paksha, the thithi occurs twice , perform the SRadha on the day when the thithi is at 1.30 PM(aparahna)  on that day.
54.If both thithis are suitable perform   it in the later thithi
55.In the Panchanga in the right  most section the Sradha thithi would be mentioned
56.If we are  not able to observe SRadha on the  correct thithi, that day   we should perform Upavasa(starvation) and perform  the Sradha on   the next day.
57.If we forget the Thithi  , SRadha can be performed on the Ashtami thithi of Krishna Pakasha, Ekadasi or Amavasya(Maha Periyava is of the i opinion that  the Sradha should be performed  only in India)
58,If we get death or birth  taint during SRadha, SRadha should be performed   at the end of taint period.
59.Brothers who have divided the wealth of their parents should do Sradha  Seperately
60.But if mother is alive , it can be done together
61.If a sradha is done on behalf of a lady , there is no homa,Only Pinda is offered
62.SRadha for Sanyasis are to be done during dwadasi
63. Sradha for  those who meet bad death is to be done during Chathurdasi


Rules of performance of Sradha
64.In Sradha special importance is given to Gingelly(Til)  and Daughter’s son(dauhithra) .
65,Black Til should be used in plenty. Dharbha grass  and Til is supposed to have come from Lord Varaha
66 For cleaning of the area  for .Pada Prakshalanam ,( means washing of feet of Boktha.) with cow dung for Viswedevas square pattern should be drawn and for  Pithrus round shape should be made on the floor
67.You should not wash the feet of Boktha  along with Pavithra. It should be removed and kept on the right ear.
68. The water  used for washing feet of the  two bokthas   should not join together .
69.Wash the heels of the feet of the Bokthas and not the inside feet.
70.The ghee that  remains after  using for Homa should not be used for anything
71.The sound of bell should not be heard during Sradha time . The ladies should not put Thilaka. As these two will drive away Pithrus.
72.  After  12 noon  the Kartha should perform madhyahneekam  and after giving Ellu Urundai  for clearing the mind of the Bokthas  , THamboola for purifying their face and oil for cleaning their body  and request to take bath and bathe himself and start  the Sradha.
73,All upacharas are first to  be done only to Viswe devas
74,After sradhha the first to get up wold be  Pithrus
75,In Sradha   for  mother  Matha, pithamahi  , prapithamahi are invoked.Arghyam and GRahanam is for them only but HOma   is for their male Pithrus
76.If there is a need to do Sradha to the sister, younger brother, son, uncle  and Guru, Only they should be invoked  and sradha is done in a Sankalpa way
77.The sradha of mother   and father   has to be done in Parvana way and never as Sankalpa Sradha
78.In Sradha of the brothers of father, they , grand father and great grand father   are invoked..
79.In the sradha of elder brother, Elder brother, father  and grand father   are invoked
80.In case of Sradha of maternal grand father  along with maternal grand father , his father and grandgrand father    are invoked
81.IN dangerous situations , or when wife is in periods or away, SRadha with Homa  need not be done but it can be done as Aama Sradha or Hiranya Sradha
82.Every month during Amavasya sradha for fathers and mothers clan can be done but in practice only tharpanam is done


Rules for cooking  in Sradha
83.Some one who is not a relative or a  servant should not cook for Sradha
84.A lady in periods or who has taken bath on the third day should not cook
85.The  person who cooks should not wear   wet cloths
86.Do not cook crying or laughing or pulling your hair
87.Cooking should be done in new or well cleaned vessel  which is not made of steel. Silver vessels are the best.(Please remember that Stainless steel is steel)
88.The Rice should be cooked at the end.When it is served steam should come out of it.
89. Both ends should not be cut of the Banana leave used to serve food during Sradha. The top end should be on the left.
90. Vegetables and other material   for cooking in Sradha
a.Suitable   for cooking
Black gram, Black Til , wheat,  green cow pea, Bitter gourd, Jack fruit, Mango, Pomegranate, Curry leaf, Lime, Banana fruit, Mango fruit Grapes, Plantains, Snake Gourd , Kandakathiri, (Brinjal with thorns) ,  Sundakkai, pepper, ghee , brown coloured sugar, , jiggery, sea salt,Gooseberry, ILanthai Pazham(Jamun) , honey, cow’s milk , curd made from cow’s milk , Karanai kizhangu(?) Colocasia tubers,  Jeera, cardamom, Lablab beans, THoothuvalai(?) , Banana pseudostem,  coconut, mustard, sweet potato , Groundnut, wood apple, hillies, rice, gingely oil , turmeric  , tender coconut, Chiru KIzhangu(?) , ginger, Amaranthus leaves, Amarathus stem.,  Betel leaf , cardamom , dried ginger, Clove, Jathikkai(?),Jathipathei(?)
b.Not suitable for cooking
Dried cow pea seeds, horsegram , asafoetida, Drum stick, Tur dhal,Bottle gourd, Banana flower,  Radish, onion ,  garlic, Buffalo mlk,  goat milk, Curd made of Buffalo milk, ghee made of Buffalo milk
c.Very important and greatly preferred
Honey, jack, black gram, Kandankkathiri, Chundaikkai, Jasmine leaf, Pirandai , Mugattayilai , Karayilai, Thulasi

Some conventions in performing Sradha
91.The  pithrus would be greatly pleased   because we add Vasu, Rudra , Adithya devas
92.The father is considered as Vasu, grand father   as Rudra, and great grand father as Adithya and jopining them all together we normally say Vasu rudra Adithya Swaroopa Asmad pitha, Pithamaha  , Prapithamaha
93.When we  choose a Brahmin as DEva , then poonal is worn in the normal fashion
94. When we choose a Brahmin as  representing Pithrus, the poonal should be Prachereena Vidhi(Ie it should be worn on right shoulder
95.When we offer Dharbha to devas it should be  given straight
96.When Dharbha s offered  to Pithrus , it should be folded in to two and offered to them (Tips connected)
97.When we   do Pada Prakshalanam (Washing of feet) of Brahmins , since devas and Pithrus comew from their LOkas  , The place where the Brahmanas sit is worshpped by  Dharbha  , Sandal paste, Akshatha(rice)  and Gingley
98.When we   are doing  Aavahanam(Making them come)  , we should put Akshatha( rice  starting from their right leg  and going clockwise
99.When we are doing Avahanam of Pithrus , the til should be put starting from their head till their feet,
100.Arkhya grahanam. For Viswe devas and Maha Vishnu water in a pot should be kept in the southern side  of the fire.
101.For Pithrus water should be kept in another   vessel
102.The vessel of Arkhya water should not be kept open and they should never be moved from their place
103.Suppose lot of  Arkhya water  spills out , the entire water   should be emptied  , then we have to keep it again by chanting manthras. If a small quantity spills out, it can be ignored
104.Sradha Brahmanas(Bokthas) should not touch each other
105.Suppose (a small portion of food taken-Yechil) of one Brahmin falls on another  Brahmin’s leaf , both leaves should be removed, the place cleaned by cowdung and frsh leaf should be put and the food served again,
106.Till the Bokthas complete their food the fire should keep on burning
107.If By chance the fire is extinguished, that day you should not take food and SRadha   carried out again
108.To remove the Rakshasas who may be present , the Brahmins should be requested to do Abhisravanam and chant Vedas.After the Sradha separate Dakshina(fee) should be given for that.
109.During Ekodishtam , SApindikaranm , Masigam , Anumasikam , Nandi SRadham  and Gayasradha Abhisravana should not be done
110.The Bokthas should not talk while eating food, They should point out what they want by their finger. Since they should not eat afterwards during the day, they should be made to eat slowly and in plenty.
111.The Leaves in which Bokthas have taken food, should be buried in the soil
112. In cities where this is not possible , people offer the leaves to the cow., SinceYechil should not be given to cow this is wrong.Please do according to tradition
113.Before the final SWasthi Vachana at the end of taking of food  , the  leaves should be removed
114.After  Pinda pradhanam(offering of rice balls)  only the area should be cleaned
115.It is a practice to keep Vikhranna (sme rice) before the leaves  of the Brahmins. This gives happiness to those in Naraka(hell)
116.Performance of Sradha gives happiness not only pithrus  but  the homa gives happiness to devas, The eating of food by Brahmins to those  who are in heaven , Pinda dhana to those in Yama LOka and Anna Dhana to human beings and Uchishta(left over) to ghosts and devils
117.WE say , “Let those born  in clan who were burnt in fire and those that were not be satisfied by this Vayasa Pinda kept on earth and reach  salvation .Let those who were burnt in fire according to rituals  and those who were not burnt as per rituals  but who were born in my clan  become happy by this Pinda.”
118.Kaka pindam is for Pithrus not known to us and should be protected  till the crow takes it.
119.After the pinda pradhana, put little of the cooked rice in the mouth saying manthras. Since it is part of Sradha, there is no sin in that but   Some people only smell it but not eat it.
120.Even if is  Ekadasi  , the food offered to the Pithrus can be eaten. There is sin in it..Jnathis ,(People belonging to our clan) can smell that food and it will give them same effect as eating it.
121.Even after marriage girls can take  the food offered to Pithrus  in case of their father, mother and elder brother.But Widows should not eat it.
122.Fruits, vegetables , milk, curd  and honey  do not have Pithru Sesha. I e the defect food which remains after  being offered to Pithrus
123.Clan people should not eat in Ekodishta
124.The relations who have only three day taint cannot eat the Pithru  sesha
125.Paraheni tharpana should be performed  next day morning only ,If it is not possible , it can be done after  the Sradha
126.If Father is alive and sradha is done to mother  , there is no tharpanam
127.Paraheni tharpanam should be done using Dharbha and gingely used during Sradha, next day early morning before bath.But if it becomes morning, then it  can  be done after bath and Sandshyavandana
128. During Amavasya only Tharpanam is done
129.Even those whose father is alive should do Pithru Tharpanam during Brahma Yajnam.
130.The gingelly should not be picked by thumb and third finger
131,If you do tharpanam on Sunday  , Tuesday and Friday, rice should be mixed with Gingely.









Sunday, July 2, 2017

Palakkad Brahmins to perform Upakarma in September

Final decision   has been taken by  Palakkad   Brahmana samooham                                                                                                 Sadasiva Samarambhaam Sankaracharya Madyamaam Asmat Acharya Paryantam Vande Guru Paramparaam...🙏🏻

We thank all who took part in today's deliberations on this year's Upaakarma. Discussions were based on    directions from our Kanchi and Sringeri Acharyas that the appropriate date for Avani-Avittom this year would be 6th September.  Palakkad Graamajana Samoohams, our esteemed Vaideekas and Sabha representatives attended. It is of great significance for Palakkad Brahmanas that even at such short notice, most could attend.

After due discussions, it has been concluded that Jagadguru  upadesam shall be followed for Community and Lokakshemam. As such Yajur Upakarma will be on 6th September 2017. Gayatri Japam will be on 8th August.

We thank all Samoohams and Vaideekas for upholding our Guruparampara and Sastram. As Bhagawan said in the Gita:

Tasmat shaastram pramanam te
Karyakarya-vyavasthitau
Jnatva sastra-vidhanoktam
Karma kartum iharhasi..

Perform your Karmas as mandated by the Sastras.

Loka: Samastha: Sukhina: Bhavantu...

Pranaamam 🙏🏻

Monday, June 19, 2017

End of confusion regarding dates of UPakarma 2017

End of confusion regarding  dates  of UPakarma 2017 

Compiled by
P.R.Ramachander





Sri Sarma SAstrigal has  published   a Tamil  letter   from Kanchi  Mutt   regarding the dates of Upakarma(attached)  :-
It says 
IN the last Durmukhi year  The  Panchanga Sadas   which is being organised    for past several years  was conducted in Vijayavada.  Several scholars including the Scholars  of the Srimata   who participated in that Sadas decided that due to Lunar eclipse   on Pournami of AAdi month(7/8/2017)  ,
Doing UPakarma on that day should be avoided  and it should be carried out  on the Pournami day  of AAvani month  and  as per that  it was decided that
1.Avani month  21 st  wedneday ( 6-9-2017)   is the  Yajur upakarma day
2,AAdi month  12th  Friday  (28-7-2017)   is the Rik upakarma day 
2.AAvani month  9th  Friday (25-8-2017)    is the SAma upakarma day
               
                                      Signed
                              Sri Kanch i matam


I am also attaching  the  pages  of   the Panchangam published   by the Sringeri mutt  . It also says   the same thing.  I hope this would   clarify all    the doubts   we had   about  the correct Upakarma days   of 2017.

Friday, June 16, 2017

Abhivadaye

Abhivadaye

Compiled from different sources by
P.R.Ramachander



 This is the  proper  method of a Brahmin Brahmachari  or householder   to introduce   himself  to elders , Our Gurus   and people  like saints  who are  fit to be revered.
The introduction  has  five distinct  parts. (It is very similar to our  introducing   ourselves   in an Interview  ,”I  , DR.Vaidhyanathan,  who studied  in madras  university under  eminent  professors like  DR.Krishnaswami, Dr. Suryanarayanan  and Dr. Ganapathy,  who is qualified   to practice  Allopathy , in which I specialise  in Orthopedix, introduce myself”) 

a.Our  Gothra

   Gothra   does mean , the place   where  Cows   are protected , Initially   there  were  the following  Gothras:-
Viswamithra , Jamadagns , BHaradwaja  , Gowthama  , Athri  , Vasishta  , Kasyapa   and Agasthya.

Each of   these Gothras   were further  split in to various branches   and  an exhaustive list contains  the name of  gothras   given in a book with me lists   about   436  Gothras . out of these  , in a survey done by me  I found  that   the seven Gothras  Bharadwaja  Gothra (19.5%)  , Haritha Gothra ( 6.7%)  , Kashyapa Gothra  (5.64%)  Kaundinya  Gothra ( 10,8%)  , Kaushika Gothra( 13,60%)  , Srivathsa  Gothra  (11.12%)   and Vadhoola Gothra   (4.56%) , account  for  72%   of the Tamil  Brahmins..

Please note same Gothra  people may follow different Vedas and Suthras   and have  different Pravaras.

b.Our  Pravara

 Each gothra  normally   tells   about  the  great sages   who   started  it  and they are  called  Pravara 
Rishis  . The  Gothras   can have  one Pravara Rishi, Two pravara Rishis  , Three  Pravara   Rishis  , Five Pravara  Rishis  and  Seven Pravara  Rishis.
   A  classification of    the total list of 441  Gothras   showed 19  Gothras with  one pravara  rishi, 15 Gothras  of two pravara   rishis, 348   Gothras  of three  Pravara  Rishis   and 54  Gothras  of  five  Pravara  Rishis.

Please note that  there   are  many Gothras with  groups following   different  Pravara Rishis.

C, Our Veda
        This is possibly   the Veda  which was studied   by  our patrilineal   ancestors .  Though   4 vedas are  listed  , , in South India  people   who follow   Atharva  Veda are   not to be found. But there are   two branches  of Yajur veda  called  Shukla  Yajurveda   and  Krishna  Yajurveda.

      It is interesting to find among  North Indian Brahmins

Dwivedis – Those   who have learnt  two Vedas
Trivedis- Those    who have   learnt   three Vedas
And CHathuredis  - Those  who have   learnt all the four Vedas

      In South India also    several  scholars have mastered  more than one Veda  but  they   always  term themselves  as belonging to one Veda  only.

D.Our   Suthra

       Suthra  means “thread”   but  by Suthra  what we mean is   the Guidelines   for doing our rituals.
Each Veda has one or two Suthras . For example(I have compiled these   from various sources.  If you pint out  Omissions and Commissions, I woud be grateful    and correct them)

.Aswalayana , Kathyanana ( not very common- Sankhyayana , Saunaka  and Sambhavya ) for Rig veda,
Apasthambha,Bhodayana ( not that common- Bharadwaja , sathyashada , Vaikanasa , Agnivysya )are Sutras for  Yajur Veda.
Latyayayana , Drahyayana  ,  Ranayani,  (not common- Nidhana  Mashaka  , Gobhila   and Jaimineeya  )   for Sama  Vedas

Al our rituals have to be peformed by Following the Sutra  of our clan,. If due to non availability  of scholar priest  trained in our Suthra , if we perform using rules  of other Suthra  , then we  are supposed to repeat using our Suthra  later.

E.Our name
     We add the name   which was given to us   with the surname   Sharma (Which essentially means    we are Brahmins)  . If your name itself is Sharma  , You can say “sharmanamaham”

Some   Abhivadaye rules:-
1.You should not tell   Abhivadaye   before   saluting God
2.We are  not supposed   to tellAbhivadaye   when   saluting  Yathis( SAnyasis)
3.WE are   not suppose   to tell  Abhivadaye   while   saluting Woman ( except  on Brahmopadesam day   when we take Bhiksha   from women)
4.When we   are saluting  more than one elder, we should not tell  Abhivadaye
5, In some families Abhivadaye is told and Namaskarams is done later, In some other families , first Namaskarams is done and then Abhivadaye is chanted. We have to follow our family traditions.
6,If we have to touch the feet of the elders after telling Abhivadaye, we have to keep our hands as a cross and touch their right feet with our right hand and their left feet with left hand. If we are not able to touch, we have to touch the ground before them.

Some Examples  
1.Abhivadaye  BHargava  , chyavana, AApnaavana, Ourva, Jamadagnya Pancha rishaya pravaranvitha , Sri Vathsa  Gothra, Aapa Sthamba   Suthra, Yaju Shakha  Adhyayi Sri Ganapthi Satmaanamaham   Asmibho.
2.Abhivaadahye AAngeerasa, Baarhaspathya, Bhaaradwaaja  trayaarsheya  pravaranvitha, BHaradwaja  Gothra, Aapasthambha suthra, Yajushaka   Adhyayai  Sri Subrahmanya Sharmaanaham    ASmibho.

3.Abhivadaye  Vasishta , Maithravaruna  , Kaundinya   thraya risheya , AApasthambha   Suthra , Yaju Shakha Adhyayi , Sri Ramachandra Sharmaanaam Asmibho.

Thursday, May 4, 2017

Yajur Vedi Avani Avittam for the year 2017 7-8-2017


                           Avani Avittam 7-8-2017 (monday )
                            (Compiled by P.R.Ramachander)

(Since   there is  Chandra Grahana   on night of 7-8-2017  , Some people are not following this date  . Most of the  Vakkiya Panchangams   including Panbu Panchangams and Sri Rangam Panchangam   prescribe this date  . Please consult your purohithar   and elders   of your family  before taking a decision to do upakarma on this day.
Most important: The Chandra Grahana   is not visible to the   entire   south and North America and so  Upakarmam for all the people living there is on this date.)




(The Gayathri japam is on   8-8-2017  for all the three  Vedas. The sankalpam for the Gayathri japam  is given in  http://brahminrituals.blogspot.in/2017/05/gaayathri-japam-manthras-8-8-2017.html  )

1.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra
         ( Manthra for wearing  Poonal)
a.Aachamanam:Shuklaam Bharadharam……….      Santhaye
b.Om Bhoo…………..Bhoorbhavaswarom
c.Mamo patha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri paameshwara preethyartham
    Sroutha smartha vihitha sadachara  nithya karmaanushtanaa yogyatha sidhyartham  brhma teja abhivrudyartham yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye.

d.Yagnopaveetha  dharana maha manthrasya
   Parabrhma rishi(Touch forehead)
  Trushtup chanda (touch below nose)
  Paramathma devatha (touch heart)

e.Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga

        Wear Poonal one by one by reciting(poonal should be held by both hands, the tie in the poonal being held above by the right hand facing upwards)

Yagnopaveetham paramam pavithram  praja pathe,
Yat sahajam purasthad aayushyam
Agriyam prathi muncha shubram yagnopaveetham balamasthu theja.

f.After wearing all poonals one by one  do Aachamanam

g.Remove the old poonals  and break them to pieces by reciting

 Upaveetham bhinna thanthum jeernam kasmala dooshitham, visrujami na hi brahma-varcho deerghayurastu me


h.Do aachamanam.
  
       Summary meaning: I wear the white yagnopavitha that is purifying , which was born along with brahma, which is capable of increasing life .I am sure this would give glory and strength to me.I am destroying the dirty , soiled yasgnopavita .

2.Kamo karshet Japam 7-8-2017 morning

      a.Aaachamanam:Shuklaam Bharadharam…….Santhaye
       b.Om Bhoo
        c.Mamo patha--- Preethyartham
            Tadeva lagnam sudhinam tadaiva, tharaa balam chandra balam thadaiva , vidhya balam daiva balam tadaiva, Sri Lakshmi pathe aangriyugam smaraami
              Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam  paapam  , karmanaa
Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama
                Tidhir Vishnu, Tatha vaara, nakshatram Vishnu reva cha
                 Yogascha karanam chaiva  sarvam Vishnu mayam Jagat ,
                  Sri Govinda , Govinda, Govinda
Aadhya sri bagavatha mahaa purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya , Pravarthamanasya , Aadhya brhmana  , dweethiya parardhe, swetha varaha kalpe, , Vaivaswatha manvanthare, ashta vimsathi thame, kali yuge, prathame padhe, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe , Bharatha kande, Mero dakshine parswe. Asmin varthamane , vyavaharike prabhavaadheenam sashti samvatsaranaam madhye ,  Hevilambi   nama samvatsare, Dakshinaayane, varsha rithou, Karkidaga   mase, shukla pakshe, aadhya pournamasyam  shubha thidou, Indhu  vasara yukthayam, Sravana ** nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubha karana evam guna,  viseshana visishtaayam, asyam pournamaasyam  shubha thidou, taishyaam pournamaasyam* adhyot sarjana akarana praayaschithartham , samvatsara praayaschithartham, cha ashtothara satha samkhyaa “kamo karsheth  manyura karsheth” ithi maha manthra japam karishye.
    d.Then chant “Kamo karsheth manyura karsheth ” 108 times
e.Afterwards perform Aachamana and say”Kama manyu upasthanam karishye”   ,  and saying “Om tat sat brahmaarpanam asthu.” Pour an Udharani of water   
*On  7 -8-2017 , Pournami   is up to  11.42  PM   , and  Prathama  is  up to 12.26   PM of  8--8-2017  IST  **   Sravana  Nakshatra is up to 3.32 AM   IST on 8/8/2017 and sravishta Nakshatra   afterwards  till 4.53 Am   of 9-8-2017 according to the Madathu Panchanga.., Before you do the Upakarma   , please calculate corresponding  IST  and take the  proper Thidhi and Nakshatra. This is also applicable to mantras of Maha Sankalpam given below.

Summary meaning:The Brahmin first prays God that the time of doing whatever it may be  should become holy  and this he is sure is achieved by prayer to God.Then he tells when he is doing this japa, for example which year, which season, which day and so on.And he says that this japa is being done as a repentance for his not perfornming various religious duties during the year that he ought to have performed.The main manthra is a prayer to pardon the lapses which were due to Kama(passion) krodha(anger) and lopa(avarice)

3.Maha Sankalpam
       (7-8-2017  after Madhyaanikam and Brahma yagnam-Manthras for Brahma Yajnam for Apasthambha suthram and Bodhayana  are  given one after another  at the end )
a.Aachamanam
b.Shuklam baradharam……..
c.Om bhoo
d.Maha samkalpam
     Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam  paapam  , karmanaa
Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama rama
                Tidhir Vishnu, Tatha vaara, nakshatram Vishnu reva cha
                 Yogascha karanam chaiva  sarvam Vishnu mayam Jagat ,
                  Sri Govinda , Govinda, Govinda
Aadya sri bhagawatha, Aadi vishno, Aadinarayanasya achinthyaya , aparimithaya, sakthyaa, briyamaanasya, mahaa jaloughasya madhye,
 paribrhamatham  aneka koti  brhmaandanam madhye,  eka thame,  prithya aptejo  vayvakaasaa ahankaradhi  -mahada vyakthai-aavaranair- aavruthe- asmin mahathi bramanda-karandaka-madhye aadhara sakthi –koormaa nandathi  ashta diggajopari prathishtithasya , athala-vithala-suthala-rasaathala-thalaa thala-mahaathala-pathalakyai loka sapthakasya upari thale, punya kruthaam nivaasabhuthe  bhoor –bhuvar-suvar-mahar-janarr-thapa-satyaakhyai loka shatkasya adho bhage mahaa nalayamana phani raja seshasya sahasra phanaa mani mandala mandithe, dighdanthi-shunda dhanda-uttambhithe, panchasath koti yojana vistheerne, lokaloka –achalena valayithe lavaneshu-sura-sarpi-dhadhi-ksheera-udakaarnavischa parivruthe, jambhu-plaksha-saka-salmali-kusa-krouncha-pushkarakhya saptha dweepanaam madhye, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe, bharatha kande, prajaapathi kshetre  dandakaaranya-chamapakaaranya-vindhyaaranya-veekshaaranya-vedaaranayaadhi,  aneka punya aaranyaanam Madhya pradeshe, karma bhoomou,  rama –sethu-kedharayoo  madya pradaeshe , Bhaageerathi-Gouthami-Krishna veni-Yamuna-Narmadaa-Thungabadhraa-Triveni-Malaapahaarini-kaveri- ithyadi , aaneka punya nadhi viraajithe, Indraprastha-Yamaprastha-Aavanthikaapuri-Hasthinaapuri-Ayodhyaa puri-Maayaa puri-Kasi puri-Kanchi puri-Dwarakaa aadi aneka punya puree viraajithe Sakala jagat srushta, parardha dwaya jeevana, bramana  dweethiya parardhe, Pancha sathabdhou, prathame varshe, prathame mase, prathame pakshe, prathame divasae, aahni, dweethiye yame, trithiye muhurthe, swayambhuva-swarochisha-uthama-thamasa-raivatha-chakshu shakheshu, shatsu  manusha atheetheshu, sapthame vaivaswathe manvanthare, aashta vimsathi thame, kali yuge, prathame padhe, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe , Bharatha kande, Mero dakshine parswe. Asmin varthamane , vyavaharike prabhavaadheenam sashtya samvatsaranaam madhye , Hevilambi  nama samvatsare, Dakshinaayane, varsha rithou, Karkidaga nmase   mase, shukla pakshe, aadhya pournamasyam  shubha thidou, Indu  vasara yukthayam, Sravana ** nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubha karana evam guna,  viseshana visishtaayam, asyam pournamaasyam  shubha thidou  anaadhya vidhya pravarthamane , asmin  mahathi samsara chakre  vichitrabhi karma gathibhi vichitrasu yonishu puna puna anekadha janithwa kenapi punya karma  viseshena idhaanimthana manushye  dwijanma visesham prapthavatho  mama jjanmabhyasa jjanama prabruthi  ethath kshana paryantham , baalye, vayasi kaumare  yowane  vaardhake cha jagrath swapna sushupthya avasthamsu  mano vak kaya karmendriya  jnanendriya vyaparai kama-krodha-lobha-moha-madha-mathsaryaadhi  sambhavithaanam iha janmani  janmanthare cha jnana ajnana kruthaanam maha pathakanaam mahaa patathakanumanthratwadeenam , samapathakaanaam upapaathakaanaam malini karanaanam nindhitha dhana dhaano upa jeevanaadeenam aapathrikarananaam  jathi bramsa karaanam vihitha  karma thyaagaaadeenam  jnanadha  sakruth kruthanaam ajnanatha  asakruth kruthaanam  sarveeshaam papaanam  sadhya  aapanodhanartham
aswatha narayana sannidhou-deva brahmana sannidhou-tryaa trimsath koti devathaa sannidhou-sri visaalakshi sametha visweswara swami sannidhou-mahaa ganapathi sannidhou-seetha lakshmana bharatha sathrugna-hanumt samedha sri rama chandra swmai sannidhou-sri rukmani sathyabhama samedha sri gopala Krishna swami sannidhou-hari hara puthra swami sannidhou-sri lakshmi narayana swami sannidhou  sraavanyaam pournamasyaam adhyopakrama karma karishye.Thadangam sravanee pournamasi punyakale sareera shudhartam  shuddhodhaka snanam aham karishye
                  Athi krura maha kaya, kalpanthahanopama,
                   Bairavaya namasthubhyam anujnam dathu marhasi
*On  7 -8-2017 , Pournami   is up to  11.42  PM   , and  Prathama  is  up to 12.26   PM of  8--8-2017  IST  **   Sravana  Nakshatra is up to 3.32 AM   IST on 8/8/2017 and sravishta Nakshatra   afterwards  till 4.53 Am   of 9-8-2017 according to the Madathu Panchanga.., Before you do the Upakarma   , please calculate corresponding  IST  and take the  proper Thidhi and Nakshatra.
@ Brahma Yagna Manthras are given at the end.

Summary meaning:Here again apart from locating oneself with reference to time , one locates himself with reference to place also.We are supposed to live in Jambu Dweepa, Bharatha Kanda which is south of the great mountain Maha meru.Then again this Bhasratha Kanda is blessed with many holy rivers and holy places.Then prayer is done to God to pardon sins committed by word, thought and deed, because this was done inspite of his great grace which made us be born as human beings after several wheels of birth.Also the sins performed during several ages in life is highlighted.Some of the sins specifically mentioned are those done while earning money without conscience, giving money to improper people, actions which did not suit the caste we are born in, sins due to non performance of actions which ought to have been done and so on. We pray God and tell him that we would take bath in holy pure water and then start the veda parayanas which is our duty as Brahmin.

4.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra

     After bath again change poonal by reciting manthra as given in s.No.1.Please note that now a days very rarely people take bath after mahaa sankalpam but do prokshana snanam i.e bath by sprinkling of water on the head.

5.Kanda Rishi Tharpanam
    1,Aachamanam
     2,Shklaama baradharam
     3.Om bhoo
      4.Mamo patha samastha durida kshya dwara  sri parameshwata preethyartham sravanyaam  pournamaasyam  adhyoyapakrama  karmangam kanda rishi tharpanam karishye.
     Wear poonal as garland and do tharpanam using water mixed with thil (black gingely) and akshatha
      Each manthra has to be chanted thrice and tharpanam done.

1.Prajapathim kanda rishim tharpayami
2,Somam kanda rishim tharpayami
 3.Agnim kanda rishim tharpayami
4.Viswaan devaan kanda rishim tharpayaami
5.Saahinkeer devatha upanishadha tharpayami
6.Yagnigeer devatha upanishadha tharpayaami
 7.Vaaruneer devatha upanishadha tharpayami
8.Brhamanagum  swayubhuvam tharpayaami
9.Sadasaspathim tharpayami
  wear poonal in the normal fashion and then do aachamana.

Summary meaning:Tharpanam means really satisfying.By this tharpanam we satisfy the rishi(sages) of Soma(moon), Agni(fire), Viswaan devan(all gods looking after earth), etc.

5.Vedarambham

    Though these are essential part of Avani avittam , I am not giving this because Vedic manthraas are very difficult to transliterate in to English and reading them wrongly would be counter productive.

Appendix  I, Apasthamba Suthra Brahma Yagnam.

Perform Achamanam
Face eastern direction and do “Shuklam baradaram….” Followed by pranayamam “om Bhoo…”
Mamopatha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri Parameshwara preethyartham Brahma Yagnam karishye. Brahma yagnena Yakshye.
Chant and clean the hands with water
Vidhyudasi paapmanam vidhya me paapmanam amruthath Sathya mupaime
And then chant
      Om Bhooo tatsa vithurvarenyam
       Om Bhuva Bhargo devasya Dheemahi
        Ogum suva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
        Om Bhooo Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya dheemahi
         Om Bhuva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
         Ogum Suva Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya Dheemahi Dhiyo yona         prachothayath

Chant  Vedic manthras
Om Agnimeele purohitham Yagnasya Dheva mruthvijam, hotharam Rathna Dhathamam
Om Ishe Twoje Thwa vayavasthapayavastha Devo vassavitha prarpayathu sreshtathamaya karmane
Om Agna Aayahi veethaye grunano havyadathaye, ni hotha sadhsi bharhishi
Om sanno devirabheeshtaya Aapo peethaye sam yorabhisravanthu na
       After this recite if possible vedic manthras that you know like Rudram, Chamakam etc

Sprinkle water round the head by reciting
                           Sathyam Thapa sradhayam juhomi

Recite three times with folded hands
Om namo brahmane namosthwagnaye nama pruthwyai nama oshadheebhya namo vaache namo vaachaspathaye  namo vishnave bruhathe karomi.

      8.Clean the hands again with water by reciting “vrushtirasi vruschame paapmanamamruthath sathyamupaaga”
Do aachamanam
Chant “shuklam baradaram….”
Do Pranayamam, “om Bhoo…”
Mamopatha samastha duritha kshaya dwara sri parameshwra preethyartham  deva-rishi-pithru tharpanam karishye.
Touch water and clean your hands
Do deva tharpanam through the tip of fingers
               1.Bramodaya ye deva thaan devaan tharpayami
                2.Sarvaan devaan tharpayami
                3. Sarva deva ganaan tharpayami
                4.Sarva deva pathnis tharapayami
                5.Sarva deva ganapathnis tharpayami
       13, Do rishi tharpanam by wearing yagnopaveetha as garland and pouring out water from  the liitle finger
               1,Krishna dwaipayanaya ye rishaya thaan rishin tharpayami
                2. Sarvaan risheen tharpayami
               3.Sarva rishi ganaan tharpayami
                4. Sarve rishi pathnis tharpayami
                 5,Sarva rishi gana pathnistharpayami
                 6. Prajapathim kanda rishim tharpayami
                 7. Somam kanda rishim tharpayami
                 8. Agnim kanda rishim tharpayami
 Put the Yagnopaveetham in normal fashion and pour water from the tips of fingers
                 9. Viswan devan kanda rishin tharpayami
                 10. Samihithir devatha upanishada tharpayami
                 11. Yagnigir devatha upanishada tharpayami
                 12.Varuneer devatha upanishada tharpayami
Put the Yagnopaveetham and pour water by towards the left
                  13. Havyavaham tharpayami
                  14.Viswaan devaan kanda rishin tharpayaami
Pour water by the bottom of the palm towards self
                  15.Brahmanam swayambhuvam tharpayami
                   16.Viswan devan kandarishin tharpayami
                   17.Arunan kandarishin tharpayami
Put the Yagnopaveetham in normal fashion and pour water from the tips of fingers
                   18.Sadasaspathim tharpayami
                    19.Rig vedam tharpayami
                    20.Yajur Vedam tharpayami 
                    21. Sama Vedam tharpayami
                    22. Atharvana Vedam tharpayami
                    23. Ithihasa puranam tharpayami
                    24. Kalpam tharpayami
14.Only those who have lost their father (others go to step 15)do Pithru tharpanam wearing the yagnopaveetham on the right shoulder pouring water between the thumb. And index finger.
                   1.Soma pithruman yamo angiraswan agni kavyavahana ithyadaya ye pithara                                     
                       thaan pithrun tharpayami,
                    2. Sarvaan pithrun tharpayami
                    3. Sarva pithru ganan tharpayami
                    4. Sarva pithru pathnistharpayami
                    5. Sarva pithru ganapanthnistharpayami
                    6.oorjam vahanthi amrutham grutham paya keelaalam parisruyatham
                        swadaastha  tharpayatha me pithrun trupyatha, trupyatha, trupyatha
                     7.Aabrahma sthambha paryantham jagat trupyathu
15.Put the yagnopaveetha in the normal fashion
                Pour water saying Om That sat Brahmarpanamasthu
      And then do aachamanam.

Appendix  II, Bodhayana  Suthra Brahma Yagnam.

Bodhayana Brahma Yagnam

( The tharpanam in Brahma Yagnam is different and extremely elaborate in Bodhayana Suthra)

1.Perform Achamanam

Take minute quantities of water(just sufficient to soak one grain of black gram) three times in the right hand and take it with the following manthra.
1.Om Achyuthaya nama 2,Om Ananthaya nama 3.Om Govindaya nama
Then
Touch with thumb both cheeks saying kesava -Narayana
Touch with ring finger both eyes saying Madhava –govinda
Touch with the first finger both sides of nose saying Vishno-Madhusoodana
Touch with little finger both ears saying Trivikrama-Vamana
Touch with the middle finger both shoulders saying Sreedhara-Hrishi kesa
Touch with all fingers the belly button saying Padmanabha
Touch with all fingers the head saying Damodara

2.Ganapathi dyanam

Recite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead with both fists together.:-
Shuklambaradharam Vishunum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,
Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.


3.Do Pranayamam.
Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and recite the following Manthra:-

Om Bhoo
Om Bhuva
Ogum Suva
Om Maha
Om Jana
Om Thapa
Ogum Sathyam
Om Tatsa vithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhi mahi dhiyo yona prachodayath
Om Apa
Jyothj rasa
Amrutham brahma
Bhoorbuvasuvarom
Touch the ears three times saying
Om, Om , Om

4.Do Sankalpam

Mamo Partha Samastha Duritha kshaya dwara Sri Parameshwara Preethyartham.
Brahma Yagnam karishye
Brahma Yagnena yakshye

Mamo Partha Samastha Duritha kshaya dwara Sri Parameshwara Preethyartham.
Brahma Yagnam karishye.Brahma yagnena yakshye.
4.Prayogam
a.Vidhyudhasi vidhya me paapmanam ruthath sathya mupaime.
Touch water .Do Achamanam three times and after first and second touch water ,clean the lips, and after the third sprinkle water on left arms and left leg. Then touch head, eyes, nose and chest.
b.Then chant
Om Bhoo, tatsa vithurvarenyam
Om Suva , Bhargo devasya dheemahi,
Ogum suva .dhiyo yona prachodayath,
OM Bhoo tatsa vithurvarenyam bhargo devasya dheemahi.
Om Bhuva , dhiyo yona prachodayath,
Ogum suva , tasa vithur varenyam bhago devasya dheemahi dhiyo yona prachodayath.

c.chants from all the four Vedas

Hari Om , Agni meele purohitham , yagnasya devam ruthvijam.Hothaaram rathna dhathamam. Hari om (Rik veda)

Hari Om , Eeshethvorje twam vayavastho payavastha , devo vassavitha prarpayathu sresta thamaya karmane.Hari om(Yajur veda)

Hari om, Agna aayahi veethaye grunano havya dhathaye ni hotha sathsi barhishi ..Hari Om (Sama veda)

Hari om., Sanno deveer abhishtaya aapo bhavanthu peethaye , sam yorabhistravanthu na.Hari om (Atharvana veda)

d. Chant “Om Bhoorbhavassuva” and rotate little water round your head

e.Chant “Satyam Thapa, Sradhayam Juhomi” with folded hands

f.Chant thrice with folded hands

“Om namo brahmane. Namasthvagnaye, , nama pruthviyai, nama oshadheebhya. Namo vache, namo vachaspathaye, namo vishnave, bruhathe karomi.

g.Chant “Vrushtirasi vruchame paapmanam rhuthaath sathya mupakam
Deva rishi-pithru tharpanam karishye

I.Deva tharpanam

Wear the Yagnopavitha over the left shoulder(Upaveethi) and do Tharpana through the tip of the fingers of right hand chanting the following manthras

1.Agni, Prajapathi , Somo Rudhra , athithir , Brahaspathi SArpaa ithyethaani prakrud dwarani daivathani sanakshtrani sa grahaani Sahorathrani samuhurthaani Tharpayami

2, Vasoomscha tharpayami

3.Pithro aarayama bhaga savithaa thwashtaa vayu indra agni ithyedhaani dakshinathwarani daivathani , sanakshthrani sa grahani sahorathrani samuhurthaani tharpayami

4. Rudramscha tharpayami

5.Mithra Indro Maha pithara AAbho viswa devaga Brahma Vishnu ithyedhani prathyagdwarani daivathani , sanakshthrani sa grahani sahorathrani samuhurthaani tharpayami

6. Aadhithyamscha Tharpayami

7.Vasavo Varuna aja ekhapath ahir puthniya Poosha aswinala yama ithyethani udagthwarani , daivathani , sanakshthrani sa grahani sahorathrani samuhurthaani tharpayami

8.Saadhyamschaschatharpayami
9.Brahmanam tharpayami
10. Prajapathim tharpayami
11. Prameshtinam tharpayami
12.Hiranya Garbham Tharpayami
13.Chathur mugam tharpayami
14. Swayambhuvam tharpayami
15. Brahma parshadaan tharpayami
16.Brahma parshadhee tharpayami
17. Agnim tharpayami
18.Vayum tharpayami
19. Varunam tharpayami
20. Somam tharpayami
21. Sooryam tharpayami
22. Chandramasam Tharpayami
23.Nakshthraani tharpayami
24.Jyo dheegumshi tharpayami
25. Sadhyojaathaam tharpayami
26.Om Bhoo purusham tharpayami
27.Om bhuva purusham tharpayami
28. Om suva purusham tharpayami
29.Om bhorbhuva suva purusham tharpayami
30. Om bhoo tharpayami
31.Om Bhuva tharpayami
32.Om Suva tharpayami
33. Om Maha tharpayami
34.Om Jana tharpayami
35.Om Thapa tharpayami
36.Ogum sathyam tharpayami
37.Bhavan devam tharpayami
38.Sarvam devam tharpayami
39.Eesanam devam tharpayami
40.Pasupathim devam tharpayami
41.Rudram devam tharpayami
42.Ugram devam tharpayami
43.Bheemam devam tharpayami
44.Mahantham devam tharpayami
45.Bhavasya devasya pathni tharpayami
46.Sarvasys devasya pathni tharpayami
47.Eesanya devasya pathni tharpayami
48.Pasupathor devasya pathni tharpayami
49.Rudrasya devasya pathni tharpayami
50.Ugrasya devasya pathni tharpayami
51.Bheemasya devasya pathni tharpayami
52.Mahatho devasya pathni tharpayami
53.Bhavasya devasya sutham tharpayami
54. Sarvasya devasya sutham tharpayami
55.EEsanya devasya sutham tharpayami
56.Pasupather devasya sutham tharpayami
57.Rudrasya devasya sutham tharpayami
58.Ugrasya devasya sutham tharpayani
59.Bheemasya devasya sutham tharpayami
60. Mahatho devasya tharpyami
61.Rudramscha tharpayami
62.Rudra parshadhaan tharpayami
63. Rudhra parshathee tharpayami
64.Sanath kumaraan tharpayami
65.Skandam tharpayami
66.Indram tharpayami
67.Shashtim tharpayami
68.Shanmugam tharpayami
69.Visagam tharpayami
70.Jayantham tharpayami
71.Mahasenam tharpayami
72.Skanda parshadhaan tharpayami
73. Skanda Parvathi stharpayami
74.Vighnam tharpayami
75.Vinayakam tharpayami
76.Veeram tharpayami
77.Sooram tharpayami
78.Varadham tharpayami
79.Hasthimukham tharpayami
80.Yeka dantham tharpayami
81. Lambhodharam tharpayami
82.Vakra thundam tharpayami
83. Ganapathim tharpayami
84.Vighna parshadhaan tharpayami
85.Vighna parshadhee tharpayami
86.Kesavam tharpayami
87.Narayanam tharpayami
88.Madhavam tharpayami
89.Madhavam tharpayami
90. Vishnum tharpayami
91. Madhu soodhanam tharpayami
92.Trivikramam tharpayami
93.Vamanam tharpayami
94.Sridharam tharpayami
95. Hrishikesam tharpayami
96.Padmanabham tharpayami
97. Damodharam tharpayami
98.Sreem devim tharpayami
99.Hreem devim tharpayami
100.Pushtim devim tharpayami
101.Vainatheyam tharpayami
102.Kalam tharpayami’
103. Neelam tharpayami
104.Mruthyum tharpayami
105.Anthakam tharpayami
106.Yamam tharpayami
107.Yama Rajam tharpayami
108.Dharmam tharpayami
109.Dharma Rajam tharpayami
110.Chithram tharpayami
111. Chithraguptham tharpayami
112. Vaivaswatham tharpayami
113. Vaivasvatha parshathaan tharpayami
114.Vaivaswatha Parshathee Tharpayami
115.Vishnum tharpayami
116.Vishnu parshathaan tharpayami
117.Vishnu parshathee tharpayami
118.Bhardwajam tharpayami
119.Gowthamam tharpayami
120. Athrim tharpayami
121. Aangeersam tharpayami
122. Vidhyaam tharpayami
123.Durgam tharpayami
124.Jyestaam tharpayami
125. Sreshtaam tharpayami
126.Danvantharim tharpayami
127. Danvanthari parshathaan tharpayami
128. Danvanthari Parshathee tharpayami

II. Rishi tharpanam

Wear the Yagnopavitha as garland(Neeveethi) and do Tharpana through left side of the palm of right hand chanting the following manthras

1.Rishims tharpayami
2.Maharishims tharpayami
3.Paramarishims tharpayami
4.Devarishims tharpayami
5.Brahma rishims tharpayami
6.Rajarishims tharpayami
7.Vaisya rishims tharpayami
8. Sutha rishis tharpayami
9.Srutharishims tharpayami
10.Jana rishims tharpayami
11.Thapa rishims tharpayami
12.Sathya rishims tharpayami
13.Kanda rishims tharpayami
14.Rishigams tharpayami
15.Rishi pathnis tharpayami
16. Rishi puthrams tharpayami
17.Rishi pouthrams tharpayami
18.Kanvam bhodhayanam tharpayami
19. Apasthambam suthrakaram tharpayami
20.SAthyashadam Hiranya kesinam tharpayami
21.Vajapeyinam Yagna valkyam tharpayami
22.Aswalayanam sounakam tharpayami
23. Vyasam tharpayami
24.Vasishtam tharpayami
25. Pranavam tharpayami
26.Vyahruthee tharpayami
27.Savithrim tharpayami
28.Gayathrim tharpayami
29. Chandamsi tharpayami
30. Sadasaspathim tharpayami
31. Rigvedam tharpayami
32.Yajur vedam tharpayami
33.Samavedam tharpayami
34.Atharvana vedam tharpayami
35. Atharvangeerasam tharpayami
36.Ithihasa puranani tharpayami
37.Sarva deva janaa tharpayami
38.Sarva bhoothani tharpayami

III.Pithru tharpanam

Wear the Yagnopavitha over the right shoulder(Pracheena veethi) and do Tharpana through the right side of the palm right hand chanting the following manthras.
(People whose father is alive should not do this part of the tharpanam.)

1.Pithru Swadha nama tharpatami
2.Pithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
3.Pithrupithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
4.Mathru swadha nama tharpayami
5.Pithamahi swadha namas tharpayami
6.Prapithamahi Swadha namas tharpayami
7.Matha mahan swadha namas tharpayami
8.Mathu pithamahan Swadha namas tharpayami
9.Mathu prapithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
10.Mathamahi Swadha namas tharpayami
11.Mathu pithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
12.Mathu prapithamaha Swadha namas tharpayami
13.Aacharyan swadha namas tharpayami
14.Aacharya pathni Swadha namas tharpayami
15.Aacarya pathni swadha namas tharpayami
16.Guroon Swadha namas tharpayami
17.Guru pathni Swadha namas tharpayami
18.Sakheen Swadha namas tharpayami
19. Sakhi pathni swadhadha namas tharpayami
20. Jnatheen Swadha namas tharpayami
21.Jnathi pathni Swadha namas tharpayami
22.Amathyaan Swadha namas tharpayami
23. Amathya pathni Swadha namas tharpayami
24. Sarvaan Swadha namas tharpayami
25.Sarvaa Swadha namas tharpayami

Do Tharpanam with water chanting

Oorjam vahanthi Amrutham krutham Madhu paya keelaalam parisrutham swadhamstha tharpayathe , pithroon thrupyatha, thrupyatha , thrupyatha



Wear the Yagnopavitha over the left shoulder(Upaveethi) and do Aachamanam

Thus ends Brahma Yagna.
Brahma yagnam(sacrifice to Brahma) is the oblation offered to satisfy Devas, Rishis(sages) and Pithrus(ancestors). It is supposed to be performed daily after Madhyannikam, But nowadays it is done mainly on avani avittam days.






* Taken from book on Sandhya Vandhana Bhashyam published by Ramakrishna mutt. Mylapore, Chennai, and Yajur upa karma prayoga published by R.S.Vadhyar , Kalapathy. Transliteration done by P.R.Ramachander