Sunday, October 6, 2019

Classification of Dhurbha grass and its use in rituals


Classification of  Dhurbha  grass  and its use  in rituals

Translated by
P.R.Ramachander




(Dhurbha (Desmotachya bipinnata) is a tropical grass considered a sacred material in Vedic scriptures and is said to purify the offerings during such rituals .Traditional tropical grass, Darbha, has been identified as an eco-friendly food preservative. Though  I have have been studying about different  Hindu rituals  , I was not aware  of the classification  of Dhurbha grass  and its suitability  for  various rituals. This was given in Tamil  by Sri Vasudevan  Srinivas. Thanks  to him.
As  a young lad , my elders informed  me that  Lord Brahma  used to arrange marriages  by two  Dhubha plants. I used to ask, which Dhurbha  is male   and which female  .After a long  time I have got the answer.)

1.Viswamithra  kusoseeraa   shali   monunjeecha    Dharbhaka,
Dhoorvaa   sreshtaa   muni  prokthaa   saptha  Dharbha  prakeerthitha.

The great   sages  have told    that  Dharbha  is of seven types ,
Viswamithra , Kusa, Ucheera  , Saalee. Mounjee   Dharbha   and Dhurvaa.

2.Agra sthoola   bhaven naari  , moola sthoolam  napoomsakaam,
Moolagra   samam   vaapi puman nithya abhidheeyathe

If  the tip is stout  it is feminine, if base  is stout it is eunuch,
And if tip and   base are   stout  it is  Male

3.Vivahe  purusha Dhurbhaa, Sthree Dharbhaa  Pumsavane Thadhaa,
Napumsakam  thwadhanya   karmasu   . yesha Dharbhasya  nirnaya

For marriages  male Dhurbha  is used, for Pumsavana female  Dhurbha is used,
And for all other  rituals   the eunuch  dharbha   can be used.

4.ARchanam  Japa Homam cha , dhanam   cha pithru  thrpanam,
Apavithranu  paanimcha thath sarvam cha  vInasyathi

Archana  , Japa  , homa , Dhana   and Pithru tharpana,
If done   without pavithram, then everything   would be destroyed

5.Pavithram     yeka dharbhena, pretha karmani  dharayeth,
Nithya karmani  dharbhaayaam  dhwabhyameva  chathurmukha

For rituals   involving Pretha(dead body)  only one dharbha is used,
And for all    daily     rituals     two  dharbhas with 4  tips are used

6.Pithru  karyam   thribhir  durbhai  , chathurbhir  deva  poojane,
Panchabhi   poshitike   Dharbhai  shadbhi  saanthyaam  pavithrakam
Bhojana valayam   kuryaatu , sapthabhi   sarva  karmasu.

In case of rituals  of pithrus  three dharbhas  are used  and 
For rituals involving   Devas  , four  dharbhas   are used,
In rituals  like yaga five are used and for doing parihara   six are used.
In case of meals   and all other rituals   seven have   to be used as knot.

7.Dwiyangulam valayam   brahmanukramathi rekhaam  kulaa  mathaa,
Chathurangulamaayaamaa  pancha    mushti  smruthaa  kusaa

For a two inches knot   five fist length  of Dharbha is needed
And its height   should   be   four  inches.

8.Viseernaa   vigalaa   hruswaa , vakraa   sthoolaa   krusaa   dwithaa,
Krumi  dashtaascha deergaascha varjayeth   samithoo  budha.

Those which are spilt  , broken, small  , curved  , thick , thin ,
Spread out , eaten by worms   and too long   are rejected by the wise.

9.Yethe   vitha vinasinaa , sthoolaa raja  bhayankari,
Dwidhaa   chaora  bhayankari viseernaa  sukha maahareth,
Agni daham   bhaved   deergham  krusaa  kanthaa   sukham hanyaathu.

All these  would destoy your wealth  , very thick would invite  Government punishment,
Split one would lead  to fear of theft,  that  which has splits  would reduce pleasure,
Very long one  would lead to fear of fire and very then would lead  to sickness.

10.Aswastha  vata , palasaa  , plaksha  ,
Dumbara   , sambhavaa  samyaparkka thiraa ,
Kuchena   samitho nava

Sacred  fig, Banyan , Palasaa  tree , holy fig, fig tree,
Vahnni tree  , chaff flower , Karumgali  and Dharbha ,
Provide  sacred  offerings to fire  and are called  Samith


Sunday, September 1, 2019

One of my major contribution to performance of Brahmin rituals all over the world


One of my major contribution to performance of Brahmin rituals   all over the world

By
P.R.Ramachander



In the year  2004  , I started putting  the upakarma  Manthras  for Yajur Vedis.In the first year  about 3000 people saw  itBecause of this I started putting avani avitta  Manthras for Yajur Vedis every year  .A few years back, the rig Vedis said that  their manthras  were entirely different   and I shoud pur  Rig Vedi manthras   also. Again the Bodhayana  SAkha of Yajur veda   wanted me to include the Brahma Yajna manthras for them along with Yajur Veda  Manthras. I did this also,Then a gentleman   from Bangalore  came all the way   to my home   along with A Sama Veda  Upakarma manthra  book.Though little difficult  I started  putting that  also
    The great sapeciality  of my posting is that along with the manthras  I also indicate  the time of change  of the Nakthra  and thithi.This made the manthra useful to  everyone   who was staying in various countries outside  India

   I am so happy to inform you  that  for almost  ten years , my manthras   are consulted by  more than 50000 people  every year, including 2019
  I am getting old and I would want tohandover this job to some one   who is younger  than me , so   that  for many more years  our Brahmins staying  in foreign countries   are benefitted.

Tuesday, July 23, 2019

Tharpana Sankalpams (for Mahalaya Paksha)


Tharpana SAnkalpam (for  Mahalaya  Paksha) .Those   who do not do it  please skip this info)

Compiled by
P.R.Ramachander

Image result for Mahalaya paksham


Mahalaya  Paksha   begins  on September 15thth , September 19 th is maha Bharani..Here   are the tharpana  Manthras  for all  the Mahalaya  Paksha days

14-9-2019(POurnami  -Poorva  Bhadrapadha)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane, varshsa  rithou,  simha mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya  Pournamasya   Punya thithou  mandha  vasra yukthayam  poorva bhadra pada  nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  pournamasyam       Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(Pournami up to 10.04  Am after that  Prathama , poorva  bhadrapadha   up to 10.56 pm on 25th might  afterwards  uthara  bhadrapada )
15.9.2019 (Prathama-Uthara  Bhadrapada)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  varsha rithou, simha mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
  Prathama Punya thithou    bhanu    vasra yukthayam  uthra bhadra pada  nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam   Prathamam     Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(Prathama up to  12.25   and afterwards  Dwitheeya,uthra bhadra pada  up to 1,25  Am that night and afterwards revathi )
16.9.2019(dwitheeya-Revathi)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  varsha rithou,  simha mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
 Dwitheeyam  Punya thithou   indhu    vasra yukthayam  revathi     nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam   Dwitheeyaam      Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(Dwitheeya  up to 2.36 pm and after wards thritheeya  , revathi  up to  4.23 AM  next morning  and afterwards Aswini)
17.9.2019(TRitheeya-ASwini)

Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  varsha rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
Tritheeyaam    Punya thithou     bhouma       vasra yukthayam  Aswini    nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam        Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(Tritheeya up to  4.34 om    afterwards  Chathurthi  , Aswni   till next day 6.30  am that night  and apabharani  afterwards)
18.9.2019(chathurthi-Mahabharani)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  varsha  rithou, kanyamase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                      
  Chathurthyam     Punya thithou   saumya     vasra yukthayam   apa bharani    nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam        Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(Chathurthi up to  6.13 pm , afterwards Panchami, apabharani  up to   6.46 am next day   and afterwards  Krithika)
19.9.2019(Panchami- bharani Kruthiga)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  vrsha rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
Panchamyam        Punya thithou    guru      vasra yukthayam  Apa bharani  nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  Panchamyam       Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(Panchami up to  7.28 pm and afterwards Sashti , apabhani  up to  6.48   Am  and afterwards  Kruthika)
20-9-2019(sashti- Karthika,Rohini)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,   varsha rithou,  kanyamase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
 Sashtyam      Punya thithou  bhrugu        vasra yukthayam  krithika   nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam   Sapthamyam     Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(Sashti   up to  8.22  pm  , afterwards Ashtami . krithika  up to  10.20  AM  and afterwards  rohini)
21-9-2019(sapthami  , rohini)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  varsha   rithou,  Kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
Sapthamyam      Punya thithou   manda       vasra yukthayam   rohiini nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  Ashtamyam       Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(SApthami up to 8.33 pm  that night and afterwards Navami , rohini  up to 11.22 am   that night afterwards mrugaseersha)
22-9-2019(ashtami  , Mrugaseersham)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  varsha   rithou,  Kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
Ashtamyam     Punya thithou   bhanu      vasra yukthayam   Mrugasira  nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  Ashtamyam       Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(AShtami  up to 7.51 pm  that night and afterwards Navami , mrugasira nakshatra   up to 11.47 am   that night afterwards Arudhra)
23-9-2019(Navami –Arudhra)

Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
 Navamyam       Punya thithou    Indu       vasra yukthayam Arudra    nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam    Naumyam     Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(Navami up to  6.38 pm   after wards  Dasami  ,Arudra  up to 11.30 Am  that night  and afterwards  Pushya  Nakshata)
24-9-2019(dasami  , Punarvasu)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
 Dasami    Punya thithou   Bhauma   vasra yukthayam  Punarvasu    nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  Dasamyam      Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(dasami   upto   4.43PM that night   and afterwards  Ekadasi, Punarvasu   Nakshatra up to  10.31 that night  and afterwards pushya Nakshatra)
25-9-2019 (ekadasi  , Pushyam)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
Ekadasyam     Punya thithou     SAumya    vasra yukthayam  Pushya    nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam    Ekadasyam    Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(Ekadasi up to  2.10PM afterwards Dwadasi, pushya  upto  8.53 am and afterwards aslesha nakshatra)
26-9-2019(dwadasi, Aslesha)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
  Dwadasyam      Punya thithou    Guru      vasra yukthayam  Asresha   nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  Dwadasyam      Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(DWadasi up to  11.03 afterwards  Trayodasi, Asresha nakshtra up to  6.41 Am and afterwards Maka Nakshtra)
27.9.2019(Trayodasi ,Makam)
Adya Sri  Bhagavatha maha purushasya  Vishnor Agnaya  pravarthamanasya  Adhya Brahmana  Dweethiya parardhe  Swetha  Varaha kalpe  Vaivaswatha manvanthare  ashta vimsathi thame  kali yuge  prathame padhe ,jambu dweepe , Bharatha varshe,  Bharatha Khande , Mero Dakshine Parswe , Sakabdhe  asmin varthamane  vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya  samvatsaranam madhye   vikari    Nama samvatsare  , dakshina ayane,  rithou,  kanya  mase,   Krishna  pakshe   ,   Adhya                     
Trayodasyam     Punya thithou   Bhrugu     vasra yukthayam Maka   nakshatra yukthayam      Shubha yoga –Shubha karana,  Evam guna viseshana visishtayam  asyam  Trayodasyam      Punya thithou, Thila tharpana  roopena Adhya  Karishye
(Trayodasi up to  7.33 Am that night afterwards  Chathurdasi  , Poorva Phalguni up to 1.05  am that night and afterwards  Uthara Phalguni)
28-9-2019  Mahalaya Amavasya
    Vikari nama samvathsare ,dakshinayane , varsha  rithou, kanya mase , Krishna  pakshe, adhya amavasya        punya thidhou , sthira   vasara yukthayam, uttara phalguni   nakshatra yukthayam,  shubhayoga, shubhaKarana evam guna viseshena, visishtayam asyam Amavasyam   punya thidhou, amavasya  punyakale, darsa sradham , thilatharpana roopena adhya karishye
(Amavasya  up to  11 67 pm    afterwards  prathama, uthra  phalguni  Nakshatra  up to 10.03  pm    afterwards hastha Nakshatra)

Wednesday, July 17, 2019

Sama Veda Upakarma Prayoga for the year 2019 (2-9-2019)



Sama Veda Upakarma Prayoga for the year 2019    (2-9-2019)-Monday
                   (Compiled by P.R.Ramachander)

(The Gayathri japam is on   16-8-2019  for all the three  Vedas. The sankalpam for the Gayathri japam  is given in https://brahminrituals.blogspot.com/2019/07/gaayathri-japam-manthras-16-8-2019-for.html )







In the case of Sama Veda, The upa Karma prayogam is very extensive and differs very much from the Upakarma prayoga of Rig and Yajur Vedis.They always do it in Hastha Nakshtra of  the Kanya Masa. It essentially consists of ten steps in the following order

1.Panchagavya sammelanam
2.Snana Mahasankalpam
3.Brahmayagnam
4.Punyaham
5.Rishipooja(Uthsarjan Karma)
6.Deva,rishi, Pithru Tharpanam (264+12)
7.Ghata Poojai
8.Yagnopaveethadhaaranam
9.Vedarambam
10.Kankanadharanam
           Naturally these have to be done with the instruction of a Guru but in modern times when people are scattered all over the world and also because well learned Sama Vedi Purohithas are very scarce, many people are forced to do it in their home depending on some handouts. Since most of the above steps are lengthy and involve proper chanting of Sama Veda Mantras,they do only three steps of the above 10. They are

1.Snana maha Sankalpam,
2,Brahma Yagnam
3.Yagnopaveetha dharanam
   
         English is a very inadequate language to type out Sanskrit manthras. But I have made an effort to present the needed mantras for the above steps for the year 2019 because I feel that  our youngsters are more at home in English rather than in their mother toungue or Sanskrit. Since I am not a Sama Vedin I depend for the mantras on Book published by  C.Sankara TRama Sastri(1956) Sama Veda Upakrama prayoga published by Sri Balamanorama press, Madras. I have also got my typing read through and to certain extent edited by Sri.P.A.Anantharaman.I am grateful to him,

Maha Samkalpam
       (2-9-2019)



a.Aachamanam, wear Pavithram.
b.Shuklam baradharam……..
c.Om bhoo
d.Maha samkalpam
     Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam  paapam  , karmanaa
Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama rama
                Tidhir Vishnu, Tatha vaara, nakshatram Vishnu reva cha
                 Yogascha karanam chaiva  sarvam Vishnu mayam Jagat ,
                  Sri Govinda , Govinda, Govinda
Aadya sri bhagawatha, Aadi vishno, Aadinarayanasya achinthyaya , aparimithaya, sakthyaa, briyamaanasya, mahaa jalou ghasya madhye,
 Paribrhama maanaanam  aneka koti  brhmaandanam madhye,  eka thame,avyaktha mahadahankara pruthivya  aptejo  vayvakaasaa ahankaradhii -aavaranair- aavruthe- asmin mahathi bramanda-karanda-madale- aadhara sakthi – aadhi koormaa nandathi  ashta diggajopari prathishtithasya uparithale -Sathyadhi loka shadkasya adho bhage, mahaa nalayamana phani raja seshasya sahasra phanaa mani mandala mandithe,  lolaalokachalena parivruthe-dighdanthi-shunda dhanda-uttambhithe,  lavaneshu  suraa sarpee dhadhee dugdha  sudhodhakrnavii parivruthe  , jambhu-plaksha-saka-salmali-kusa-krouncha-pushkarakhya saptha dweepa dheepithe, Indra dheepa  kaseru  thamra gabhasthi naga soumya gandharwa chaarana bharathakhya nava gandathmake -Maha meru giri karnakopetha maha saroruhayamana  pancha sath koti yojana vistheerna bhoo mandale- sumeru  nishadha hemakoota himachala malyavath pariyathraka  gandhamadhana kailasa vindhyachaladhi, maha shailadhishtithe, Lavana Samudhra mudhrithe, Bharatha Kimpurusha Hari Ilavrutha Ramyaka Hiranmaya KuruBhadrascha Kethumalakhya nava varshopashobithe, , Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe, bharatha kande, Mero Dakshine Parswe, Karma Bhoomou - Swamyavanthii kuru kshethraadhi  sama bhoo Madhya  rekhaya  poorva dig Bhage, Vindhachalasya  Dakshina dig Bhage , Dandakaranye , Sakala Jagat Srushta parardha dwaya jeewino Brahmana Pradhame Parardhe  Pancha sadhabdhathmike  Aatheethe, Dwitheeya parardhe, Panchasadabdhou, Pradhame Varshe, Pradahme mase , Pradhame Pakshe, Pradhame divase, AAhani  dwitheeye yame , tritheeye muhurthe, swayambhuva-swarochisha-uthama-thamasa-raivatha-chakshuhakheshu, shatsu  manusha vyatheetheshu, sapthame vaivaswatha manvanthare, aashta vimsathi thame, varthamane kali yuge, prathame padhe, , Shalivahana shakabdhe, Chanrda savanna  souradhi maana bramithe , prabhavaadheenam sashti samvatsaranaam madhye ,  Vikari     nama samvatsare, Dakshinaayane, Varsha rithou, Simha mase,    Shukla    pakshe, aadhya  CHathurthyam            * shubha thidou,   Indhu      vasara yukthayam,  hastha    **  nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubha karana evam guna,  viseshana visishtaayam, asyam  Chathurthyam       * shubha thidou, Sarva Papa Harana  nipuna sri Parameswara preethyartham,  Anaadhya vidhyaa vaasanaya  pravarthamane , Asmin mahathi Samsara Chakre, Vichithrabh karma gathibhi- vichithrasu  yonishu , puna punaranekadha janithwa, Kenaapi punya karma  viseshena idhaaneentha maanushye  dwija janma  visesham prapthavatho mama, iha janmani poorva janmasu maya kruthaanam  brahma hathyadhi -swarnaastheya –suraapana- guruthalpagamana,- maha pathaka chathushtaya, vyatheerikthaanaam , thath samsargaanaam, theshaam pathakanaam, nikshipthaya,  saranaagathaaya, , pathivruthaya sangama nimithanam,  nishidha sashtraabhi gamanaadheenaa, vidwad brahmana pankthi bhedhacharana , vaardhakee -vidhawa vesya  vrushalyaadhi samsarga nimithaanaam, balye vaysi  kaumare  youvane vaardhake, jagrath  swapna sushpthyavasthasu, mano vaak kaya  karmendriya vyapaarai,  jnanendriya vyapaaraischa,  samsarga nimithaanaam, bhooyo bhooyo aabhyasthanaam, thathra thathra  garbhothpathi nimithanaam, thath saha bhojana  thad uchishta bhakshana, aswa yoni, paswadhi yoniretha  skhalitha nimithaanam, govadha  paswadhi  prani vadha nimithaanam, sthree shoodhra  vita kshatriya  vadha nithaanaam, aayuktha  lavana pakvanna madhu ksheera  thila thaila  maama moola phala ,
saaka raktha  vasa suvarna, kambalaadhi vikraya nimithaanaam, aswadhi vahana  , ikshu kanda dathana, paraapavaadana, bradhakadhyapana, asad prathi grahana, vrukshschedana, dhaanya roupya pasustheya, vaardushi karana  shudhra seva, shudra preshya , heena jathi prathigraha, heena sakhya, pankthi bhedana, paka bhedana, paraa anna bhojana, asachasthra lapa, pramadhi kara, matadhikara, pourohithya, pareeksha paksha pathaka, thatakaarama vikraya, thataka vichedhanadhi  sama paathakaanaam, jnantha sakruth kruthaanaam, aajnatha asakruth kruthaanaam,  jnanatho  aajanathaascha abhyashaanam,  athyanthabhyasthaanam, nirantharabhyasthaanaam,  sankari karanaanaam, malini karananaam, aapathri karanaanaam, jathi  bramsa karanaanam, aavihitha  karamaacharana, vihitha karma thyagaadheenaam, prakeernikaanaam upa pathakaanaam, maha pathakaanaam, aathi paathakaanaam, evam navaanam nava vidhaanaam, bahoonaam bahuvidhaanaam sarveshaam  papa namapanodhana dwara, aayajya  yaajanaasath  prathi grahaa bakshya  bhakshanaa bhojya  bhojanaa peya paanaadhi samastha papa kshyartham,
aswatha narayana sannidhou-deva brahmana sannidhou-tryaa trimsath koti devathaa sannidhou-sri visaalakshi sametha visweswara swami sannidhou-mahaa ganapathi sannidhou-seetha lakshmana bharatha sathrugna-hanumat samedha sri rama chandra swmai sannidhou-sri rukmani sathyabhama samedha sri gopala Krishna swami sannidhou-hari hara puthra swami sannidhou-sri lakshmi narayana swami sannidhou 
Mama samastha papa kshyartha  proshta padhyam  hastharshe  adhya yoth sarjana karmangam  maadhyahnika snaanamaham karishye, maadhyahnika snaanamaham karishye.

Aathi kroora maha kaya kalpantha dahanopama,
Bhairavaya namasthubhyam aanugnaam dhathu marhasi.

Durbhojana duraalaapa  dush prathigraha sambhavam,
Paapam hara  mama kshipram sahyakanye namosthuthe.

Triraathram jahnavi theere pancha rathram thu yaamune,
Sadhya punathu  kaaveri papa maamaranthikam.

Ganga gangethi  yo brooyaadh yo janaanaam  shatai rapi,
Muchyathe sarva paapebhyo  Vishnu lokam sa gachathi. (take bath thus)

After bath (Nowadays people only take Sankalpa Snanam by sprinkling water)

take Pancha Gavyam chanting

Yathavagasthi gatham papam dehe thishtathi maamake,
Praasanam pancha gavyasya dahathwagni rivendanam.

Take bath again, wear dry cloths, put on caste marks, do regular daily duties and then do Brahma Yagna.

*Chathurthi    is up to  1.55   on 03-9-2019  afterwards  Panchami
Hastha Nakshatra is up to 8.33  am    on  2-9-2019  , afterwards CHithra Nakshatra. Change according to your local time after comparing it to IST. The Avani avittam for Sama Vedis   has to be  done in Hastha  Nakshatram.

Summary meaning:Here again apart from locating oneself with reference to time , one locates himself with reference to place also.We are supposed to live in Jambu Dweepa, Bharatha Kanda which is south of the great mountain Maha meru.Then again this Bhasratha Kanda is blessed with many holy rivers and holy places.Then prayer is done to God to pardon sins committed by word, thought and deed, because this was done inspite of his great grace which made us be born as human beings after several wheels of birth.Also the sins performed during several ages in life is highlighted.Some of the sins specifically mentioned are those done while earning money without conscience, giving money to improper people, actions which did not suit the caste we are born in, cutting of tree, spoiling a lake , trading of several banned commodities such as  salt , blanket, meat, root , fruit etc, sins due to non performance of actions which ought to have been done and so on. We pray God and tell him that we would take bath in holy pure water and then start the veda parayanas which is our duty as a Brahmin.


2.Brahma Yagnam.

Perform Achamanam
Face eastern direction and do “Shuklam baradaram….” Followed by pranayamam “om Bhoo…”
Mamopatha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri Parameshwara preethyartham Brahma Yagnam karishye. Brahma yagnena Yakshye.
Chant and clean the hands with water
Vidhyudasi paapmanam vidhya me paapmanam amruthath Sathya mupaime
And then chant
Om Bhorbavassuva
      Om  tatsa vithurvarenyam.
      Om  Bhargo devasya Dheemahi
      Om  Dhiyo yona prachodayath
      Om Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya dheemahi
      Om  Dhiyo yona prachodayath

Om Bhoo, Om Bhuva, Om Suva, Om Sathyam,Om Purusha

Om Bhoo, bhoo., hoi bhoo, Hoi bhoo Haa aavu vaa a, suvarjyothi aa

Om Bhuvaa,  Bhuva, Hoi Bhuva, Hoi Bhuva, Haa aavu vaa a,suvarjyothi aa

Om Suvaa , Suva, Hoi Bhuva, Hoi Bhuva, Haa aavu vaa a,suvarjyothi aa

Om Sathyam  , Sathyam, Hoi Bhuva, Hoi Bhuva, Haa aavu vaa a,suvarjyothi aa

Om Purushaa , Purusha, Hoi Bhuva, Hoi Bhuva, Haa aavu vaa a,suvarjyothi aa

      Om Thatsa vithurvarenyam , bhargo devasya dheemahi, dhiyo yoo na Pracho aa, him , dhayo Aaa aa,

              Om Agnimeele purohitham Yagnasya Dheva mruthvijam, hotharam Rathna      Dhathamam
Om Ishe Tworje Thwa ,vayavasthapayavastha Devo vassavitha prarpayathu sreshtathamaya karmane
Om Agna Aayahi veethaye grunano havyadathaye, ni hotha sadhsi bharhishi
Om sanno devirabheeshtaya Aapo peethaye sam yorabhisravanthu na

Sprinkle water round the head by reciting
                           Sathyam Thapa sradhayam juhomi

Recite three times with folded hands
Om namo brahmane namosthwagnaye nama pruthwyai nama oshadheebhya namo vaache namo vaachaspathaye  namo vishnave bruhathe karomi.

      8.Clean the hands again with water by reciting “vrushtirasi vruschame paapmanamamruthath sathyamupaaga”

Devarshi Pithru tharpanam Karishye



9.Do deva tharpanam through the tip of fingers
               1.Bramodaya ye deva thaan devaan tharpayami
                2.Sarvaan devaan tharpayami
                3. Sarva deva ganaan tharpayami
                4.Sarva deva pathnis tharapayami
                5.Sarva deva ganapathnis tharpayami
                6.Sarva  deva puthaam stharpayami
                7.Sarva deva gana puthamstharpayami

       10. Do rishi tharpanam(each twice) by wearing yagnopaveetha as garland and pouring out water from  the little finger
               1,Krishna dwaipayanaya ye rishaya thaan rishin tharpayami
               2. Sarvaan risheen tharpayami
               3.Sarva rishi ganaan tharpayami
               4. Sarve rishi pathnis tharpayami
               5,Sarva rishi gana pathnistharpayami
               6.Sarva rishi puthramstharpayami
               7.Srava rishi gana puthramstharpayami

11.Put the Yagnopaveetham in normal fashion and pour water from the tips of fingers
                    1.Rig vedam tharpayami
                    2.Yajur Vedam tharpayami 
                    3. Sama Vedam tharpayami
                    4. Atharva Vedam tharpayami
                    5. Ithihasa puranam tharpayami

12.Only those who have lost their father (others go to step 13)do Pithru tharpanam wearing the yagnopaveetham on the right shoulder pouring water between the thumb. And index finger(thrice).
                   1.Soma pithruman yamo angiraswan agni kavyavahana ithyadaya ye pithara                                      
                       thaan pithrun tharpayami,
                   2. Sarvaan pithrun tharpayami
                   3. Sarva pithru ganan tharpayami
                   4. Sarva pithru pathnistharpayami
                   5. Sarva pithru ganapanthnistharpayami
                     6.Sarva Pithru puthrastharpayami
                     7.Sarva pithru gana puthraastharpayami
                    8.oorjam vahanthi amrutham grutham paya keelaalam parisruyatham
                        swadaastha  tharpayatha me pithrun
13.Put the Yagnopa Vita in the Normal fashion and do Aachamanam

Brahma yagnam(sacrifice to Brahma) is the oblation offered to satisfy Devas, Rishis(sages) and Pithrus(ancestors). It is supposed to be performed daily after Madhyannikam, But nowadays it is done mainly on avani avittam days.
3.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra
         ( Manthra for wearing  Poonal)
a.Aachamanam:Shuklaam Bharadharam……….      Santhaye
b.Om Bhoo…………..Bhoorbhavaswarom
c.Mamo patha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri paameshwara preethyartham
    Sroutha smartha vihitha sadachara  nithya karmaanushtanaa yogyatha sidhyartham  brhma teja abhivrudyartham yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye.

d.Yagnopaveetha  dharana maha manthrasya
   Parabrhma rishi(Touch forehead)
  Trushtup chanda (touch below nose)
  Paramathma devatha (touch heart)

e.Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga

        Wear Poonal one by one by reciting(poonal should be held by both hands, the tie in the poonal being held above by the right hand facing upwards)
Yagnopaveetham paramam pavithram  praja pathe,
Yat sahajam purasthad aayushyam
Agriyam prathi muncha shubram yagnopaveetham balamasthu theja.

f.After wearing all poonals one by one  do Aachamanam

g.Remove the old poonals  and break them to pieces by reciting

 Upaveetham bhinna thanthum jeernam kasmala dooshitham, visrujami jale punarbrahman varcho deergayurasthu me.

h.Do aachamanam.
  
       Summary meaning: I wear the white yagnopavitha that is purifying , which was born along with brahma, which is capable of increasing life .I am sure this would give glory and strength to me.I am destroying the dirty , soiled yagnopavita .


6.Gaayathri japam (8-8-2017 )
                  For Yajur, Rig and Sama Vedis given seperately

Appendix Brahma Yagnam.

Perform Achamanam
Face eastern direction and do “Shuklam baradaram….” Followed by pranayamam “om Bhoo…”
Mamopatha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri Parameshwara preethyartham Brahma Yagnam karishye. Brahma yagnena Yakshye.
Chant and clean the hands with water
Vidhyudasi paapmanam vidhya me paapmanam amruthath Sathya mupaime
And then chant
      Om Bhooo tatsa vithurvarenyam
       Om Bhuva Bhargo devasya Dheemahi
        Ogum suva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
        Om Bhooo Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya dheemahi
         Om Bhuva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
         Ogum Suva Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya Dheemahi Dhiyo yona         prachothayath

Chant  Vedic manthras
Om Agnimeele purohitham Yagnasya Dheva mruthvijam, hotharam Rathna Dhathamam
Om Ishe Twoje Thwa vayavasthapayavastha Devo vassavitha prarpayathu sreshtathamaya karmane
Om Agna Aayahi veethaye grunano havyadathaye, ni hotha sadhsi bharhishi
Om sanno devirabheeshtaya Aapo peethaye sam yorabhisravanthu na
       After this recite if possible vedic manthras that you know like Rudram, Chamakam etc

Sprinkle water round the head by reciting
                           Sathyam Thapa sradhayam juhomi

Recite three times with folded hands
Om namo brahmane namosthwagnaye nama pruthwyai nama oshadheebhya namo vaache namo vaachaspathaye  namo vishnave bruhathe karomi.

      8.Clean the hands again with water by reciting “vrushtirasi vruschame paapmanamamruthath sathyamupaaga”
Do aachamanam
Chant “shuklam baradaram….”
Do Pranayamam, “om Bhoo…”
Mamopatha samastha duritha kshaya dwara sri parameshwra preethyartham  deva-rishi-pithru tharpanam karishye.
Touch water and clean your hands
Do deva tharpanam through the tip of fingers
               1.Bramodaya ye deva thaan devaan tharpayami
                2.Sarvaan devaan tharpayami
                3. Sarva deva ganaan tharpayami
                4.Sarva deva pathnis tharapayami
                5.Sarva deva ganapathnis tharpayami
       13, Do rishi tharpanam by wearing yagnopaveetha as garland and pouring out water from  the liitle finger
               1,Krishna dwaipayanaya ye rishaya thaan rishin tharpayami
                2. Sarvaan risheen tharpayami
               3.Sarva rishi ganaan tharpayami
                4. Sarve rishi pathnis tharpayami
                 5,Sarva rishi gana pathnistharpayami
                 6. Prajapathim kanda rishim tharpayami
                 7. Somam kanda rishim tharpayami
                 8. Agnim kanda rishim tharpayami
 Put the Yagnopaveetham in normal fashion and pour water from the tips of fingers
                 9. Viswan devan kanda rishin tharpayami
                 10. Samihithir devatha upanishada tharpayami
                 11. Yagnigir devatha upanishada tharpayami
                 12.Varuneer devatha upanishada tharpayami
Put the Yagnopaveetham and pour water by towards the left
                  13. Havyavaham tharpayami
                  14.Viswaan devaan kanda rishin tharpayaami
Pour water by the bottom of the palm towards self
                  15.Brahmanam swayambhuvam tharpayami
                   16.Viswan devan kandarishin tharpayami
                   17.Arunan kandarishin tharpayami
Put the Yagnopaveetham in normal fashion and pour water from the tips of fingers
                   18.Sadasaspathim tharpayami
                    19.Rig vedam tharpayami
                    20.Yajur Vedam tharpayami 
                    21. Sama Vedam tharpayami
                    22. Atharvana Vedam tharpayami
                    23. Ithihasa puranam tharpayami
                    24. Kalpam tharpayami
14.Only those who have lost their father (others go to step 15)do Pithru tharpanam wearing the yagnopaveetham on the right shoulder pouring water between the thumb. And index finger.
                   1.Soma pithruman yamo angiraswan agni kavyavahana ithyadaya ye pithara                                     
                       thaan pithrun tharpayami,
                    2. Sarvaan pithrun tharpayami
                    3. Sarva pithru ganan tharpayami
                    4. Sarva pithru pathnistharpayami
                    5. Sarva pithru ganapanthnistharpayami
                    6.oorjam vahanthi amrutham grutham paya keelaalam parisruyatham
                        swadaastha  tharpayatha me pithrun trupyatha, trupyatha, trupyatha
                     7.Aabrahma sthambha paryantham jagat trupyathu
15.Put the yagnopaveetha in the normal fashion
                Pour water saying Om That sat Brahmarpanamasthu
      And then do aachamanam.
Brahma yagnam(sacrifice to Brahma) is the oblation offered to satisfy Devas, Rishis(sages) and Pithrus(ancestors). It is supposed to be performed daily after Madhyannikam, But nowadays it is done mainly on avani avittam days.




Rig Vedi Avani Avittam for the year 2019 (15-8-2019)



 Rig  Vedi Avani Avittam for the year 2019 (15-8-2019)
   Avani Avittam 15-8-2019(Thursday   )
                            (Compiled by P.R.Ramachander)

(The Gayathri japam is on   16-8-2019  for all the three  Vedas. The sankalpam for the Gayathri japam  is given in https://brahminrituals.blogspot.com/2019/07/gaayathri-japam-manthras-16-8-2019-for.html   )

(For 15 years , I had been putting the   for the rig Vedis, the same collection of Manthras   like Yajur vedis.  Being a Yajur vedi  , I have seen the rig Vedis also doing   the same rituals   as Yajur Vedis.  A  learned Gentleman from Madras  viz Sri Mani Narayan wrote to me   that  the manthras , I was giving was wrong and the correct manthras   are available  in a book by  Seri L.Anantha Narayana Sastri and published by  R.S.Vadhyar, Palakkad. Three   years back   I got the book, To my surprise  I found all the rituals before Mahasankalpa    were Pujas and Homas, which cannot be performed    without the help of   the learned priest.   They are
1,Vighneswara Pooja
2.Sankalpa Punyahavachanam
3.Aghni Mukham
4.Veda Vyasa Pooja
5.Pradhana AAjyaa hoothaya
6,Pradhana  Charu homa
7.Uthsarjanarthe  Veda Aarambh
8.Home sesha

       The Kanda Rishi Tharpanam of the Yajur Vedis is to be replaced by A very elaborate  Deva –Rishi –Tharpanam  , which is again  is followed by Gayathri Homa      and Veda Aramba,  Since I was trying     to give Manthras for people    who   cannot  get help of Vadhyars , I  am giving below, Yajnopavitha Dharana  Manthra,  Mahasankalpam and Deva Rishi Pithru Tharpanam , followed by Brahma  Yagna  and the Gayathri japa  manthras   for the 16-8-2019.  I am an ignoramus   and so  if I have committed any errors, please   pardon me. My thanks  for several of my friends   who responded for my request for clarification  on Rig Vedi Upakarmam)

1.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra
         ( Manthra for wearing  Poonal)
a.Aachamanam:Shuklaam Bharadharam……….      Santhaye
b.Om Bhoo…………..Bhoorbhavaswarom
c.Mamo patha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri paameshwara preethyartham
    Sroutha smartha vihitha sadachara  nithya karmaanushtanaa yogyatha sidhyartham  brhma teja abhivrudyartham yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye.

d.Yagnopaveetha  dharana maha manthrasya
   Parabrhma rishi(Touch forehead)
  Trushtup chanda (touch below nose)
  Paramathma devatha (touch heart)

e.Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga

        Wear Poonal one by one by reciting(poonal should be held by both hands, the tie in the poonal being held above by the right hand facing upwards)

Yagnopaveetham paramam pavithram  praja pathe,
Yat sahajam purasthad aayushyam
Agriyam prathi muncha shubram yagnopaveetham balamasthu theja.

f.After wearing all poonals one by one  do Aachamanam

g.Remove the old poonals  and break them to pieces by reciting

 Upaveetham bhinna thanthum jeernam kasmala dooshitham, visrujami jale punarbrahman varcho deergayurasthu me.

h.Do aachamanam.
  
       Summary meaning: I wear the white yagnopavitha that is purifying , which was born along with brahma, which is capable of increasing life .I am sure this would give glory and strength to me.I am destroying the dirty , soiled yasgnopavita .


There  is no Kamakarsheth Japa   prescribed  for those   who follow  Rig  veda


3.Maha Sankalpam
      (15-8-2019   after Madhyaanikam and Brahma yagnam@)
a.Aachamanam
b.Shuklam baradharam……..
c.Om bhoo
d.Maha samkalpam
     Apavithra pavithro vaa sarvaavasthaam gathopi vaa , ya smareth pundari kaksham, sabahyanthara suchi , manasam vaachikam  paapam  , karmanaa
Samuparjitham, sri Rama smaranenaiva vyopahathi na samsaya .Sree rama Rama rama
                Tidhir Vishnu, Tatha vaara, nakshatram Vishnu reva cha
                 Yogascha karanam chaiva  sarvam Vishnu mayam Jagat ,
                  Sri Govinda , Govinda, Govinda
Aadya sri bhagawatha, Aadi vishno, Aadinarayanasya achinthyaya , aparimithaya, sakthyaa, briyamaanasya, mahaa jaloughasya madhye,
 paribrhamatham  aneka koti  brhmaandanam madhye,  eka thame,  prithya aptejo  vayvakaasaa ahankaradhi  -mahada vyakthai-aavaranair- aavruthe- asmin mahathi bramanda-karandaka-madhye aadhara sakthi –koormaa nandathi  ashta diggajopari prathishtithasya , athala-vithala-suthala-rasaathala-thalaa thala-mahaathala-pathalakyai loka sapthakasya upari thale, punya kruthaam nivaasabhuthe  bhoor –bhuvar-suvar-mahar-janarr-thapa-satyaakhyai loka shatkasya adho bhage mahaa nalayamana phani raja seshasya sahasra phanaa mani mandala mandithe, dighdanthi-shunda dhanda-uttambhithe, panchasath koti yojana vistheerne, lokaloka –achalena valayithe lavaneshu-sura-sarpi-dhadhi-ksheera-udakaarnavischa parivruthe, jambhu-plaksha-saka-salmali-kusa-krouncha-pushkarakhya saptha dweepanaam madhye, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe, bharatha kande, prajaapathi kshetre  dandakaaranya-chamapakaaranya-vindhyaaranya-veekshaaranya-vedaaranayaadhi,  aneka punya aaranyaanam Madhya pradeshe, karma bhoomou,  rama –sethu-kedharayoo  madya pradaeshe , Bhaageerathi-Gouthami-Krishna veni-Yamuna-Narmadaa-Thungabadhraa-Triveni-Malaapahaarini-kaveri- ithyadi , aaneka punya nadhi viraajithe, Indraprastha-Yamaprastha-Aavanthikaapuri-Hasthinaapuri-Ayodhyaa puri-Maayaa puri-Kasi puri-Kanchi puri-Dwarakaa aadi aneka punya puree viraajithe Sakala jagat srushta, parardha dwaya jeevana, bramana  dweethiya parardhe, Pancha sathabdhou, prathame varshe, prathame mase, prathame pakshe, prathame divasae, aahni, dweethiye yame, trithiye muhurthe, swayambhuva-swarochisha-uthama-thamasa-raivatha-chakshu shakheshu, shatsu  manusha atheetheshu, sapthame vaivaswathe manvanthare, aashta vimsathi thame, kali yuge, prathame padhe, Jamboo dweepe, Bharatha varshe , Bharatha kande, Mero dakshine parswe. Asmin varthamane , vyavaharike prabhavaadheenam sashtya samvatsaranaam madhye
Vihari   nama samvatsare, Dakshinaayane, varsha rithou, simha mase  mase, shukla pakshe, aadhya pournamasyam  shubha thidou, Guru   vasara yukthayam, Sravana  ** nakshatra yukthayam, shubhayoga, shubha karana evam guna,  viseshana visishtaayam, asyam pournamaasyam  shubha thidou 
   anaadhya vidhya pravarthamane asmin  mahathi samsara chakre  vichitrabhi karma gathibhi vichitrasu yonishu puna puna anekadha janithwa kenapi punya karma  viseshena idhaanimthana manushye  dwijanma visesham prapthavatho  mama jjanmabhyasa jjanama prabruthi  ethath kshana paryantham , baalye, vayasi kaumare  yowane  vaardhake cha jagrath swapna sushupthya avasthamsu  mano vak kaya karmendriya  jnanendriya vyaparai kama-krodha-lobha-moha-madha-mathsaryaadhi  sambhavithaanam iha janmani  janmanthare cha jnana ajnana kruthaanam maha pathakanaam mahaa patathakanumanthratwadeenam , samapathakaanaam upapaathakaanaam malini karanaanam nindhitha dhana dhaano upa jeevanaadeenam aapathrikarananaam  jathi bramsa karaanam vihitha  karma thyaagaaadeenam  jnanadha  sakruth kruthanaam ajnanatha  asakruth kruthaanam  sarveeshaam papaanam  sadhya  aapanodhanartham
aswatha narayana sannidhou-deva brahmana sannidhou-tryaa trimsath koti devathaa sannidhou-sri visaalakshi sametha visweswara swami sannidhou-mahaa ganapathi sannidhou-seetha lakshmana bharatha sathrugna-hanumt samedha sri rama chandra swmai sannidhou-sri rukmani sathyabhama samedha sri gopala Krishna swami sannidhou-hari hara puthra swami sannidhou-sri lakshmi narayana swami sannidhou  sraavanyaam TRayodasyam  adhyothsarjana  karmaangam   avabrutha snanam aham kaishye
                  Athi krura maha kaya, kalpanthahanopama,
                   Bairavaya namasthubhyam anujnam dathu marhasi

@ Brahma Yagna Manthras are given at the end.
**On  15 -8-2019 , Pournami   is up to  6.00  PM   , and  Prathama  is  up to 8.23   PM of  16--8-2019  IST  **   Sravana   Nakshatra is up to  8.03    AM  on that day   afterwards   Sravishta  Nakshatra  8.03 AM    IST on 16/8/2019 and Sravishnta  Nakshatra   afterwards  till 10.56 AM    of 16-8-2019 according to the Madathu Panchanga
- Before you do the Upakarma   , please calculate corresponding  IST  and take the  proper Thidhi and Nakshatra.


Summary meaning:Here again apart from locating oneself with reference to time , one locates himself with reference to place also.We are supposed to live in Jambu Dweepa, Bharatha Kanda which is south of the great mountain Maha meru.Then again this Bhasratha Kanda is blessed with many holy rivers and holy places.Then prayer is done to God to pardon sins committed by word, thought and deed, because this was done inspite of his great grace which made us be born as human beings after several wheels of birth.Also the sins performed during several ages in life is highlighted.Some of the sins specifically mentioned are those done while earning money without conscience, giving money to improper people, actions which did not suit the caste we are born in, sins due to non performance of actions which ought to have been done and so on. We pray God and tell him that we would take bath in holy pure water and then start the veda parayanas which is our duty as Brahmin.

3.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra

     After bath again change poonal by reciting manthra as given in s.No.1.Please note that now a days very rarely people take bath after mahaa sankalpam but do prokshana snanam i.e bath by sprinkling of water on the head.

4.Deva Rishi  Pithru Tharpanam

1.Shuklambaradaram Vishnum , saivarnam chathur   bujam,
Prasanna vadanam dhayayeth  , Sarva Vighna upasanthaye.

2.Om Bhoo
3.Mamopartha   samastha duritha kshayam dwara  , sri parameswara preethyartham  , aadyoyaathsarjjana  karmangam   ,
 Deva , rishi   THarpanam karishye(  For people having  father living),
Deva  , rishi  , Pithru  , tharpanam   Karishye (   For people whose father is no more.)

3. Deva Rishi Pithru Tharpanam
I. With Yagnopavita  on  left shoulder(Upavitha) one tharpanam from tip of fingers
     1.SAvithrim Tharpayami  ,
     2.Brahmaanam Tharpayami
     3.Sradham Tharpayami
     4.Medham Tharpayami
     5.Praajnaam Tharpayami
     6.Dharanaam tharpayami
     7.Sadasaspathim Tharpayami
      8.Anumathim Tharpayami
     9.Chandamsi risheen tharpayami

II. With Yagnopavita   on Left shoulder(Upveethi), one tharpanam through tip of the fingers

1.”Agnimeele Purohitham  Yagnasya  deva mruthveejam   hothaaram rathna dhathamam “ Agnim Tharpayami
(The manthra within inversted commas   is the rik. According to rules these tharpanams are to be done with chanting  the rik . But if the custom  of your family, is not to chant the rik, please  chant only “Agnim Tharpayami”)
2.”Kushumbakasthadha  braveedh   giree  pravarthamaanaka   vruschikasyaarasam vishamarasam   Vruschika   thee visham” apthyaana  suryaan tharpayami
3.”Thwam agne  dhybhi sthwa maa susukshaani  stwamadh bhya  stham asmana   pari , thwam vanebhya   sthwam oshadheebhya , sthwam nrunaam  nrupathe  jayase   suchi” agnim tharpayami
4.”aavadhgasthwam  sakune  badhramavadha   thushnemaaseena   sumathim   chikuidhi na  , yadath padan   vadasi  karkareeryadhaa  bruhathadhema  vidhadhe  suveeraa” sakuntham tharpayami
5.”Somasya  maa thavasam  vakshyagne  vahnim  chakrtha  vidhadhe   yajadhyai  devaa  achaa  dheedhya  dhyagne   adhrim   samaa  ye agne  thanwam   jushaswa  “Agnim tharpayami
6.”Grunaanaa jamadanina yonaa vruthasya seedhatham    somamruthaavrudhaa  “ Mithravarunou  Tharpayami.
7.”thwam hyagne  sadamith samanyavo  devaaso devamarathimn  nyorira  ithi kruthwaa ntyoriree .Amarthyam  yagnamarthhyeshwaa  devamaa  devam  janatha   prechethasam  Viswamadevam  janatha prachethasam  “ Agnim tharpayami.
8.”Dhamanthe  viswam  bhuvana madhi  sritha  mantha samudhre  hrudhya antharaayushi   apamaaneeke  samidheya  abruthasthama shyama madhumantham   tha oormim”  apa  tharpayami
9.”Abodhyagni  budhagavishti  ravagni sthrishtyup  uthsa ga  abodhyagni  samidhaa janaanaam  prathi  dhenum mivayathi mushaasaam   yahwaa  iva pravayaamujjihaanaa prabhanavaa  sisrathe naka macha” agnim tharpayami
10.”ganthano yagnam  yagniyaa   susami srotho havamaraksha   yevayaa maruth  , jyeshtaaso  na parvathaaso  vyomani  yooyam  thasya  prachethasaa  syatha dhurdhatha  vo nidha “ Marutha tharpayami
11.”Thwaam hyagne  pradhamo moanotha  asyaa  dhiyo   abhavo  dasma  hothaa . thwam   seem  vrushanna krunor dhishta  reethu   saho  viswasmai  sahase  sahadhyai  “  agnim tharpayami
12.”yon a swo  aranoo yascha  nishtyo jigaamsathi  devaastham  sarvee dhoorvanthu  brahma  varme mamantharam “ devaan brahma  tharpayami.
13.” Agnim  naro  dheedhithibhiraranyor hastha chyoothi  janayantha prasastham  . dhoore drusam  gruhapathi madharyoom  “ Agnim tharpayami
14.”Prathi chakshwa vichakshendrascha soma jaagrutham   rakshobhyo  vadamasyathamasanim   yathumadhbhya” indra somou  tharpayami
15.”Ma  chaidhanyadhwisamsatha sakhaa yo maa rishanyatha indramith sthotho  vrushanam sachaasuthe muhurkdhaa cha   samsathas”  Indram tharpayami.
16.”aagneyaahi   maruthsakhaa   rudrebhi  soma peethaye   sobharyaa upasushtyathimn  madhayaswa  swarnare” Agna marutha tharpayami
17.”swadhishtayaa  madhishtayaa  pavaswasoma  dharayaa indraaya  pathave   sutha”,  pavamana somam tharpayami.
18.”Yathe  rajajnachrutham   havisthena   somabhiraksha na  , araatheeva  maa   nasthareenmochana  kinchanamamadhiriyondho  parisrava “  pavamana somam  tharpayami .
19.”agre brahunnashasaamoordhwo  asthanirjaganwaan   thamaso   jyothishaa aagath   , agnir bhanunaa rusathaa  swanga aa jatho visou  sadhmaanyapraa” Agnim  tharpayami
20.”samaanee  va aakoothi ssamaanaa hrudayaani  va samanamasthu   vo mano  yadhaava ssushaasathi “  samjnanam tharpayami
21.”Thachamyoraa vruneemahe  gathum   yajnaayaa  gathum  yajnapathaye  daivee  swasthirasthuna swasthr manushebhya oordhwam   jigathu  bheshajam   sanno asthu  dwipadhe  sam  chaushpade”  Viswaan devan  Tharpaymi

IIi. Deva tharpanam 
 With Yagnopavita   on Left shoulder(Upveethi), one tharpanam through tip of fingers

1.Prajapthi sthrupyanthu
2.Brahma sthrupyanthu
3.Vedaa sthrupyanthu
4.Devaa sthrupyanthu
5.Rushyaa  sthrupyanthu
6.Sarvaani chandaamsi  sthrupyanthu
7.Omkaara sthrupyanthu
8.Vashatkara sthrupyanthu
9.Vyaahruthaya sthrupyanthu
10.Savithri sthrupyanthu
11.Yajnaaa sthrupyanthu
12.  Dhwa pruthwi sthrupyanthu
13. Anthareeksham sthrupyanthu
14.Ahoraathraani sthrupyanthu
15. Saankhyaa sthrupyanthu
16.Sidhaa sthrupyanthu
17.SAmudraa sthrupyanthu
18.Nadhyaa sthrupyanthu
19.Girayaa sthrupyanthu
20.Kshet5hra oushadhi  vanaspathi   Gandharwaa apasrasa sthrupyanthu
21.Nagaa sthrupyanthu
22.Vayaamsi sthrupyanthu
23.Gaavaa sthrupyanthu
24.Saadhyaa sthrupyanthu
25.Vipraa sthrupyanthu
26.Yakshaa sthrupyanthu
27.Rakshaamsi  Trupyanthu
28.Bhoothani Trupyanthu
29.Yevamathani Trupyanthu

Iv. Rishi Tharpanam
Wearing Yagnopavita as  Garland( Niveethi) , Two  times water has to be offered   from the centre of the palm
 1.Satharchinaa strupyanthu
2.Maadhyamma strupyanthu
3.Gruthsamadha strupyanthu
4.Viswamithra strupyanthu
5.Vamadevaa strupyanthu
6.Athri strupyanthu
7.Bharadwaja strupyanthu
8.Vasishtaa strupyanthu
9.Pragaadhaa strupyanthu
10.Pavamaanaa strupyanthu
11.Kshudrasukthaa strupyanthu
12.Mahaa sukthaa strupyanthu

V.Aacharya tharpanam  (Yagnopasvitha on right shgoulder(Prachina vidhi)
 Three tharpanam every  time  water to go in between thumb and the palm.

1.Sumathu  Jaimini  Vaisampayana   Paila  Suthra Bhasya  Bharatha  Mahabharatha   Dharmaacharaa  strupyanthu
2.Jaananthi  Baahavi  Gaargya  Gowthama   Saakalya  Bhaabravyaa  , Mandavyaa  Mandukeya strupyanthu
3.Gaargi  vaachakavi  Thrupyathu
4. Badavaa  Praathideyi thrupyathu
5.Sulabhaa Maithreyi thrupyathu
6.Kaholam tharpayami
7.Kousheethakam  tharpayami
8.Maja Kousheethakam  tharpayami
9.Paingyam tharpayami
10. Maha paingyam tharpayami
11.Suyagnam Tharpayami
12.Sankyayanam tharpayami
13.Aithareyam tharpayami
14.Maha aithareyam tharpayami
15.Saakalam tharpayami
16.Bhashkalam tharpayami
17.Sujatha vakthram tharpayami
18.Oudhavahim tharpayami
19.Maha oudhavahim  tharpayami
20. Soujamim  tharpayami
21.Sounakam tharpayami
22.Aaswalaayanam tharpayami

Vi. Pithru  tharpanam  (Yagnopasvitha on right shgoulder(Prachina vidhi)
 Three tharpanam every  time  water to go in between thumb and the palm.

1.Pithrun Swadhaa  namastharpayami
2.Pithamahaan Swadhaa  namastharpayami
3.Prapithaamahaan Swadhaa  namastharpayami
4.Mathru Swadhaa  namastharpayami
5.Pthamahi Swadhaa  namastharpayami
6.Prapithamahi Swadhaa  namastharpayami
7.Mathamahaan Swadhaa  namastharpayami
8.Mathu pithamahaan Swadhaa  namastharpayami
9.Mathu prapithamahaan Swadhaa  namastharpayami
10.Matha mahi Swadhaa  namastharpayami
11.Mathu pithamaha Swadhaa  namastharpayami
12.Mathu prapithamaha Swadhaa  namastharpayami
13. Yathra  kwachana  samsthaanaam   kshuth   trushnopahathathmanaam  ,
Bhoothaam   trupthaye thoyam   idhamasthu yadha sukham  trupyatha, trupyatha , trupyatha

Wear Yagnopaveetha  on the left shoulder  , do Aachamanam  
And
Saying “Om Thathsath Brahmarpanamathu “ pour out little water

 5.Vedarambham

    Though these are essential part of Avani avittam , I am not giving this because Vedic manthraas are very diffcult to transliterate in to English and reading them wrongly would be counter productive.

6.Gaayathri japam  is on   8-8-2017   for Yajur, Rig and Sama Vedis and Gayathri   japa  Manthras   are given separately.

Appendix Brahma Yagnam.

Perform Achamanam
Face eastern direction and do “Shuklam baradaram….” Followed by pranayamam “om Bhoo…”
Mamopatha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri Parameshwara preethyartham Brahma Yagnam karishye. Brahma yagnena Yakshye.
Chant and clean the hands with water
Vidhyudasi paapmanam vidhya me paapmanam amruthath Sathya mupaime
And then chant
      Om Bhooo tatsa vithurvarenyam
       Om Bhuva Bhargo devasya Dheemahi
        Ogum suva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
        Om Bhooo Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya dheemahi
         Om Bhuva Dhiyo yona prachodayath
         Ogum Suva Tatsa vithurvarenyam Bhargo devasya Dheemahi Dhiyo yona         prachothayath

Chant  Vedic manthras
Om Agnimeele purohitham Yagnasya Dheva mruthvijam, hotharam Rathna Dhathamam hari om
Om Atha Maha vrutham  yesha bandhaa, yethath karma adatha samhithaya Upanishad-vidhamaga nvitha kathum  maha vruthasya pancha vimsathi   sami  dhenya agnir  vai  devanaam avamo   Vishnu
Adhaithasya   samnayasya vidhano  yo gapthim  vakshyama  ukthani   vaidhanikani   gruhyani  vakshyama
Yadheendrathou  dasarajne manusham  vyapakaa  hathaa idham  janaa  upasruthaa  naraasamasas thavishyathe
AAdhyam  purushameesaanam  Yogeeswaram Yajnavalkyam  namo hiranyagarbhaya  haraye   samkarayacha mayarasathajabha nalaga sammitham
Adha  seekshaam   pravakshyami   om gau  gma  jma kshma  adatho  dharma jijnasa,

 Then repeat three times
Om Namo Bruhathe  Karomui

Hari om Ishe Tworje Thwa vayavasthapayavastha Devo vassavitha prarpayathu sreshtathamaya karmane-Hari Om

Hari  Om Agna Aayahi veethaye grunano havyadathaye, ni hotha sadhsi bharhishi Hari Om

Hari Om sanno devirabheeshtaya Aapo peethaye sam yorabhisravanthu na Hari Om

       After this recite if possible vedic manthras that you know like Rudram, Chamakam etc

Sprinkle water round the head by reciting
                        Om Bhoorbuvassurom    Sathyam Thapa sradhayam juhomi

Recite three times with folded hands
Om namo brahmane namosthwagnaye nama pruthwyai nama oshadheebhya namo vaache namo vaachaspathaye  namo vishnave bruhathe karomi.

      8.Clean the hands again with water by reciting “vrushtirasi vruschame paapmanamamruthath sathyamupaaga”
Do aachamanam

Chant “shuklam baradaram….”
Do Pranayamam, “om Bhoo…”
Mamopatha samastha duritha kshaya dwara sri parameshwra preethyartham  deva-rishi-pithru tharpanam karishye.
Touch water and clean your hands
Do deva tharpanam through the tip of fingers
1.prajapathis tripyathu
2.Brahma trupyathu
3.Vedas trupyanthu
4,Devadas trupyanthu
5.Rishayastrupyanthu
6.SArvani chandamsi trupyanthu
7.Omkaras trupyanthu
8.Vashatkara trupyathu
9.Vyahrutha strupyanthu
10.Savithri strupyathu
11.yajnastrupyanthu
12.Dhyavaa pruthvi  trupyethaam
13.Anthareeksham trupyathu
14.Ahorathrani trupyanthu
15.Sankhyas trupyanthu
16.Sidhas trupyanthu
17.Saadhyas trupyanthu
18,SAmudrastrupyanthu
19.Nadhyas trupyanthu
20.Gavastrupyanthu
21.Krayas trupyanthu
22.Kshetra oushadhi  vanaspathi  Gandharwa apsaras trupyanthu
23.nagas trupyanthu
24.Vayamsi trupyanthu
25.Vayamsi trupyanthu
26.Vipras trupyanthu
27.Yakshas trupyanthu
28.Rakshamsi trupyanthu
29.Bhoothani trupyanthu
30Yevamanthani trupyanthu

       13, Do rishi tharpanam by wearing yagnopaveetha as garland and pouring out water from  the liitle finger

 1.SAdarsina   trupyanthu
2,Madhyamas trupyanthu
3.Krutha samathas  trupyanthu
\4.Viswamithra strupyanthu
5.Vama devastrupyanthu
6.Bhardwajas trupyathu
7.Vasishtastrupyathu
8.Prakathas trupyanthu
9.Pavamanas trupyanthu
10.Kshudra sukthas  trupyanthu
11,Maha sookthas trupyanthu

14.Only those who have lost their father (others go to step 15)do Pithru tharpanam wearing the yagnopaveetham on the right shoulder pouring water between the thumb. And index finger.
1.Sumanthu  Jaimin  vaisampayana   pails  suthrakara  bashya   BHaratha  Mahabharatha   dharmacharyas trupyanthu
2.Janandhi   Bahavi  Gargya  Gowthama  SAkalya Babravya   Mandavya , mandugoyas  trupyanthu
3.Gargi  vasaknavi  Trupyathu
4.Padapss prathitheyi  trupyathu
5.Sulabha Maithreyi trupyathu
6.Kaholam tharpayami
7.Kowsheethakam tharpayami
8.Maha kowsheethakam tharpayami
9.Paingam tharpayami
10.Maha Paingam tharpayami
11.Suyajnam tharpayami
12.SAkhyayanam tharpayami
13.Ithreyam tharpayami
14.Mahaithareyam tharpayami
15.Sakalam tharpayami
16.Bashkalam tharpaya,mi
17.Sujatha vakthram tharpayami
18.Oudhavahim tharpayami
19.mahoudhavahim  Tharpayami
20.Saujamim tharpayami
21.Saunakam tharpayami
22.Aswalayanam tharpayami
23.Ye cha anye   aacharyaa  they  sarva trupyanthu

Yathra  kwachana  samsthanaam  ,
Kshudthrushno pahatha maathmaanam,
BHoothaanaam   trupthaye   thoyam
Ithamasthu  Yada sukham

24.Pitharam tharpayami
25.Pithamaham tharpayami
Prapithamaham tharpayami

15.Put the yagnopaveetha in the normal fashion
                Pour water saying Om That sat Brahmarpanamasthu
      And then do aachamanam.
Brahma yagnam(sacrifice to Brahma) is the oblation offered to satisfy Devas, Rishis(sages) and Pithrus(ancestors). It is supposed to be performed daily after Madhyannikam, But nowadays it is done mainly on avani avittam days.






* Taken from book on Sandhya Vandhana Bhashyam published by Ramakrishna mutt. Mylapore, Chennai, and Yajur upa karma prayoga published by R.S.Vadhyar , Kalapathy. Transliteration done by P.R.Ramachander